Maximiliano Herrera's Human Rights Site
The Home Page
Electoral Democracies
It ranks all the independent countries in three categories: Electoral Democracy, Pseudo Democracy and Dictatorship according to their electoral system. It also includes a list of the countries without elections.
Freedom in the World
It ranks all the independent countries according to their political freedoms and civil rights.

It also includes the website Freedom in the Territories which shows the same ranking for the related territories and non-independent regions.

World Rank
It contains a list of all independent countries in the world ranked according to
their HDI (Human Development Index) or living standard.
It means incomes, political situation, health system, social situation,etc....

The site also includes a link to World Rank in the Territories which includes the same statistics of living standard in the related non-independent territories.

A World in Trouble
This site shows the perception of the risk of a coup or a new conflict for every independent country. This perception is ranked in: HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW, VERY LOW and NONE.
New Countries
This site shows the possibilities of some territories becoming independent. The statistics includes the short term chances and the long term chances of achieving independence.

It also includes another list which shows the statistics of some independent countries to be annexed into another country in the future.

Military Power Index
The Military power index shows the influence of the military forces in the societies of the independent countries.


Adam Carr's Election Archive It contains a huge database with the results of the past world elections
IFES provides information and links about worldwide elections.
Parties and Elections in Europe This site contains several electoral links.
Electoral Services International (former Code Incorporated) delivers election and registration supplies worldwide and provides customized materials to support secure voting worldwide.
Electoral Management Systems provides consulting services to support Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs) and good governance programs that enhance political processes to improve the electoral cycle.
The International Observer also contains an electoral calendar and other political news.
ACE Electoral Knowledge Network provides authoritative information on elections, promotes sustained networking among reputable election professionals and offers capacity development services to electoral management institutions and electoral assistance providers.
Electoral Geography provides a map of elections worldwide.


1995  1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2017   2018   2019   2020   2021   2022   2023   2025


  • 29 May-South Africa,Parliament
  • 29 May-Madagascar,Parliament


2 January-Marshall Islands,President (by the Parliament)
7 January-Bangladesh,Parliament
8 January-Puntland (Somalia),President (by the Parliament)
9 January-Bhutan,Parliament 2nd round
10 January-Alberta (Canada),Municipal by-election in Westlock
11 January-Sint Marteen (Netherlands),Parliament
13 January-Taiwan,President and Parliament
13 January-British Columbia (Canada),Municipal by-election in Stewart
14 January-Japan,Local elections in 4 municipalities
14 January-Comoros,President 1st round
15 January-Iowa (USA),Republican Party Presidential caucases
16 January-Ohio (USA),Recall election in John Day
16 January-Florida (USA),Special election for Florida House of Representatives District 35
17 January-South AFrica,Municipal by-election in Mantsopa (Free State)
20 January-Texas (USA),El Paso City Council District 2 general runoff election
20 January-British Columbia (Canada),Municipal by-election in Chase
21 January-Liechtenstein,Referendums on amending the law on the electronic health record and on proposals regarding photovoltaic requirements and on adaptation of building regulations
21 January-Japan,Local elections in 20 municipalities
21 January-Quebec (Canada),Municipal by-elections in Cap-Saint-Ignace #5 and in Saint-Pierre-de-Lamy #2,#3 and #6
23 January-New Hampshire (USA),Republican Party Presidential primary elections and Special general elections for State House Districts Coos #1 and #6,Strafford #11 and Rockingham #21
23 January-Connecticut (USA),Special general election for Connecticut House of Representatives District 115
25 January-Nepal,Indirect Election of one third of the Senate
26 January-Tuvalu,Parliament
28 January-Finland,President
28 January-Japan,Local elections in 12 municipalities
28 January-Quebec (Canada),Municipal by-elections in Baie-Johan-Beetz #2 and in Saint-Sévère #1
29 January-Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada),Provincial by-election in Conception Bay East-Bell Island
30 January-Israel,Municipal elections
30 January-Texas (USA),Special general runoff election for Texas House of Representatives District #2
30 January-South Carolina (USA).Special primary election for South Carolina State House District #109
30 January-Michigan (USA),Special primary elections for Michigan House of Representatives District #13 and #25
31 January-South Africa,Municipal by-election in Bushbuckridge (Mpumalanga)
February-Galmudug (Somalia),President
February-Palau,State election in Sonsorol
3 February-South Carolina (USA),Democratic Party presidential primary election
4 February-El Salvador,President and Parliament
4 February-Costa Rica,Municipal elections
4 February-Mali,President
4 February-Azores (Portugal),Parliament
6 February-Nevada (USA),Democratic Party presidential primary election
7 February-Azerbaijan,President
7 February-South AFrica,Municipal by-election in AbaQulusi (KwaZulu-Natal)
8 February-Nevada (USA),Republican Party presidential caucasus
8 February-US Virgin Islands (USA),Republican Party presidential caucasus
8 February-Pakistan,Parliamentary election and Local assembly elections in Punjab,Sindh,Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
13 February-New York (USA),Special election for the 3rd congressional district
13 February-Canada,Municipal by-election in Lloydminster
14 February-Indonesia,Presidential,Parliamentary and Regional Council elections
14 February-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in 1 municipality each of Free State,Gauteng and North West and in 2 municipalities each in KwaZulu-Natal and Western Cape
18 February-Dominican Republic,Municipal elections
18 February-Portugal,Municipal election in Alvega e Concavada
18 February-Quebec (Canada),Municipal by-election in Lac-Frontière #2
18 February-Galicia (Spain),Regional election
21 February-Alberta (Canada),Municipal by-election in Grande Cache, Municipal District of Greenview
24 February-British Columbia (Canada),Municipal by-election in Hudson's Hope
24 February-South Carolina (USA),Republican Party presidential primary election
25 February-Sardinia (Italy),Regional election
25 February-Comoros,President 2nd round
25 February-Belarus,Parliament
25 February-Cambodia,Indirect Senate election
25 February-Kurdistan (Iraq),Parliament
25 February-Liechtenstein,Referendum on the direct election of the government members
25 February-Quebec (Canada),Municipal by-elections in Mont-Blanc #4,Sainte-Anne-des-Lacs #1 and mayor Warwick #3
26 February-Alberta (Canada),Municipal by-election in Village of Standard
26 February-Hungary,President (by the Parliament)
27 February-Michigan (USA),Presidential primary elections
27 February-Israel,Municipal elections
28 February-South AFrica,Municipal by-election in Govan Mbeki (Mpumalanga)
March-Pakistan,Senate election
March-Democratic Republic of Congo,Indirect Senate election
March-San Marino,Indirect Elections of two Capitani Reggenti (Chiefs of the State)
1 March-Iran,Parliament
2 March-Idaho (USA),Republican Party presidential caucasus
2 March-Michigan (USA),Republican Party Convention
3 March-District of Columbia (USA),Republican Party presidential primary election
3 March-El Salvador,Municipal elections
3 March-Quebec (Canada),Municipal by-election in Mont-Saint-Pierre #3
3 March-Switrzerland,Referendum on rising retirement age to 66
4 March-North Dakota (USA),Republican Party presidential caucasus
5 March-California (USA),Municipal primary elections in Los Angeles
5 March-United States,Republican Party presidential caucuses in Alabama,Alaska,Maine,Massachusetts,Minnesota,North Carolina,Oklahoma,Tennessee,Texas and Utah,
Democratic Party presidential caucases in American Samoa,Arkansas,California,Colorado and Iowa ,Democratic Party presidential primary elections in Utah,Virginia,Vermont and Virginia
and Republican Party presidential primary elections in Vermont and Virginia
Maine,Massachusetts,Minnesota,North Carolina,Oklahoma,Tennessee,Texas and Utah
6 March-Belize,Municipal elections
8 March-Ireland,Referendums on revising the definition of family 
10 March-Portugal,Parliament
10 March-Abruzzo (Italy),Regional election
10 March-Quebec (Canada),Municipal by-elections in Lamarche #2 and Papineauville #6
12 March-Georgia (USA),Republican Party presidential caucasus
12 March-Hawaii (USA),Republican Party presidential caucasus
12 March-Mississippi (USA),Democratic Party presidential primary election
12 March-Washington (USA),Presidential primary elections
12 March-Northern Marianas (USA),Democratic Party presidential primary election
13 March-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in uMshwathi and Newcastle (KwaZulu-Natal)
15 March-Northern Marianas (USA),Republican Party presidential caucasus
15-17 March-Russia,President
17 March-Maldives,Parliament
16 March-Guam (USA),Republican Party Convention
16 March-Queensland (Australia),Local government elections
19 March-United States,Republican Party presidential primary elections in Arizona,Florida,Illinois,Kansas and Ohio and Democratic Party presidential primery elections in Illinois,Kansas and Ohio
23 March-Louisiana (USA),Presidential primary election
23 March-Missouri (USA),Democratic Party presidential primary election
23 March-Slovakia,President 1st round
23 March-Tasmania (Australia),State election
24 March-Kumamoto (Japan),Gubernatorial election
24 March-Quebec (Canada),Municipal by-election in Sutton #1
31 March-Turkey,Local elections
April-Malta,President (by the Parliament)
April-Poland,Provincial elections
2 April-United States,Presidential primary elections in New York,Rhode Islands and Wisconsin,Nonpresidential primary runoff elections in Arkansas,Connecticut,Delaware and Mississippi
6 April-United States,Democratic Party presidential primary elections in Alaska,Hawaii and North Dakota
6 April-Slovakia,President 2nd round
10 April-South Korea,Parliament
10 April-North Korea,Parliament
13 April-Togo,Parliamentary and local elections
13 April-Wyoming (USA),Democratic Party presidential caucasus
16 April-Alabama (USA),Nonpresidential primary runoff election
17 April-Solomon Island,Parliament
18 April-Wyoming (USA),Republican Party presidential Convention
21 April-Puerto Rico (USA),Republican Party presidential primary election
23 April-Pennsylvania (USA),Presidential primary elections
24 April-North Macedonia,President 1st round
28 April-Puerto Rico (USA),Democratic Party presidential primary election
May-Palau,State election in Tobi
May-Palau,State election in Kayangel
May-Italy,Municipal elections
1 May-New Mexico (USA),Republican Party Convention
2 May-England (United Kingdom),Mayoral elections including London,Manchester and West Midlands
4 May-Missouri (USA),Republican Party Convention
5 May-Panama,Presidential,Parliamentary and municipal elections
7 May-Indiana (USA),Presidential primary elections
8 May-North Macedonia,President 2nd round and Parliament
12 May-Lithuania,President 1st round and Referendum on double citizenship law
14 May-United States,Presidential primary elections in Maryland,Nebraska and West Virginia and Nonpresidential primary runoff election in North Carolina
19 May-Dominican Republic,President,Parliament and Senate elections
21 May-United States,Presidential primary elections in Georgia,Idaho and Kentucky and Democratic Party presidential primary election in Oregon
23 May-Idaho (USA),Democratic Party presidential caucasus 
23 May-Texas (USA),Republican Party Convention
25 May-Oregon (USA),Republican Party Convention
26 May-Peru,Mayoral by-elections in Ninabamba and Pion
28 May-Texas (USA),Nonpresidential primary runoff elections
29 May-South Africa,Parliament
29 May-Madagascar,Parliament
June-South Ossetia (Georgia),Parliament
June-South Africa,President (by the Parliament)
1 June-Iceland,President
2 June-Mexico,President,Parliament,Senate,Local deputees and Municipal elections and Gubernatorial elections in Chiapas,Mexico City,Guanajuato,Jalisco,Morelos,Puebla,Tabasco,Veracruz and Yucatan
4 June-United States,Presidential primary elections in District of Columbia,Iowa,Montana,New Jersey,New Mexico and South Dakota
6-9 June-European Union,European elections
8 June-US Virgin Islands (USA),Democratic Party presidential caucasus
8 June-Guam (USA),Democratic Party presidential caucasus
8 June-Malta,Local council elections
9 June-Belgium,Parliamentary and regional elections
9 June-Ireland,Local council elections
9 June-Hamburg (Germany),Municipal elections
9 June-Romania,Local elections
9 June-Hungary,Municipal elections
11 June-Ohio (USA),Special election for the 6th congressional district
11 June-United States,Nonpresidential primary elections in Maine,Nevada,North Dakota and South Carolina
18 June-United States,Nonpresidential primary elections in OKlahoma and Virginia and 2nd round in Georgia
22 June-Mauritania,President
25 June-United States,Nonpresidential primary elections in Colorado,New York and Utah and 2nd round in South Carolina
28 June-Mongolia,Parliamentary and local elections
July-Sri Lanka,President
July-Tokyo (Japan),Metrpopolitan Assembly election
July-Kagoshima (Japan),Gubernatorial election
July-Palau,State election in Ngiwal
15-16 July-Rwanda,President and Parliament
15-18 July-United States,Republican Party Convention
27 July-Saskatchewan (Canada),Municipal elections in resort villages
30 July-South Dakota (USA),Nonpresidential primary runoff elections
August-Palau,State election in Ngarchelong
1 August-Tennessee (USA),Nonpresidential primary elections
6 August-United States,Nonpresidential primary elections in Arizona,Kansas,Michigan,Missouri and Washington
10 August-Hawaii (USA),Nonpresidential primary elections
13 August-United States,Nonpresidential primary elections in Connecticut,Minnesota,Vermont and Wisconsin
19-22 August-United States,Democratic Party Convention
20 August-United States,Nonpresidential primary elections in Alaska,Florida and Wyoming
24 August-Northern territory (Australia),State elections
27 August-Oklahoma (USA),Nonpresidential primary runoff elections 
September-Styria (Austria),State election
September-Voralberg (Austria),State election
September-Salzburg (Austria),Municipal elections
September-San Marino,Indirect Elections of two Capitani Reggenti (Chiefs of the State)
1 September-Saxony (Germany),State election
1 September-Thuringia (Germany),State election
8 September-Russia,Parliamentary by-election in Khakassia,Gubernatorial elections in Altai,Bashkortostan,Kalmykia,Stavropol,Zabaykalsky,
Astrakhan,Chelyabinsk,Kurgan,Kursk,Lipetsk,Murmansk,Orenburg,Sakhalin,Volgograd,Vologda and Saint Petersburg,
Indirect Gubernatorial elections in Crimea,Ingushetia and Kabardino Balkaria,Local assembly elections in Crimea,Sevastopol,Kabardino Balkaria,Karachay Cherkessia,Mari El,Tatarsat,Tuva,Khabarovsk,Briansk,Tula,Volgograd and Moscow and Widespread Mayoral and local council elections
10 September-United States,Nonpresidential primary elections in Delaware,New Hampshire and Rhode Island
14 September-New South Wales (Australia),Local council elections
14 September-Norfolk Island (Australia),Regional council election
21 September-Edo (Nigeria),Gubernatorial election
22 September-Brandeburg (Germany),State election
October-Ethiopia,President (by the Parliament)
October-Victoria (Australia),Local government elections
October-Palau,State election in Ngardmau
October-Czech Republic,Senate
October-Guernsey (UK dependency),Parliament
October-Cape Verde,Municipal elections
6 October-Brazil,Gubernatorial and Municipal elections 1st round
9 October-Mozambique,President and Parliament
13 October-Belgium,Municipal elections
19 October-Australia Capital Territory (Australia),General election
19 October-British Columbia (Canada),Provincial elections
21 October-New Brunswick (Canada),Provincial elections
26 October-Queensland (Australia),State elections
26 October-Georgia,Parliament
27 October-Uruguay,President and Parliament
27 October-Brazil,Municipal elections 2nd round
28 October-Saskatchewan (Canada),Provincial elections
November-Namibia,President and Parliament
November-Bosnia and Herzegovina,Municipal elections
November-Brcko (Bosnia and Herzegovina),Local assembly election
November-Okayama (Japan),Gubernatorial election
November-Toyama (Japan),Gubernatorial election
November-Palau,State election in Angaur
November-Pitcairn Islands (UK),Mayoral election
November-Sark (Guernsey,UK dependency),General election
November-Tanzania,Local elections
5 November-United States,Presidential,Parliamentary,Senate and State legislative elections,Widespread Mayoral elections,Gubernatorial elections in Delaware,Indiana,Missouri,Montana,New Hampshire,
North Carolina,North Dakota,Utah,Vermont,Washington and West Virginia,Judicial elections in Indiana,Missouri,Montana,North Carolina,
Oregon,Pennsylvania,Utah,Vermont,Washington and West Virginia
5 November-Puerto Rico (USA),Gubernatorial election
5 November-American Samoa (USA),Gubernatorial election
5 November-Guam (USA),Mayoral elections
5 November-Northern Marianas (USA),Municipal and Judicial elections
5 November-US Virgin Islands (USA),Local assembly election
6 November-Madagascar,Local elections
12 November-Palau,President and Parliament
16 November-Ondo (Nigeria),Gubernatorial election
24 November-Guinea Bissau,President
27 November-Indonesia,Gubernatorial and municipal elections
December-Tochigi (Japan),Gubernatorial election
December-Palau,State election in Peleliu
December-Switzerland,President (by the Parliament)
December-Brcko (Bosnia and Herzegovina),Indirect mayoral election (by the city council)
December-Azerbaijan,Municipal elections
3 December-Georgia (USA),General runoff elections
7 December-Louisiana (USA),General runoff elections
7 December-Ghana,President and Parliament

????-Canada,Parliamentary by-election in Durham
????-Uganda,Local council elections
????-Belarus,Municipal elections
????-Sri Lanka,Provincial elections
????-Kurdistan (Iraq),President (by the Parliament)
????-Libya,President,Parliament and Referendum on the new Constitution
????-Egypt,Senate elections
????-Tonga,Local elections
????-Timor Leste,Municipal elections
????-Pakistan,President (by the Parliament)
????-Jamaica,Local government elections
????-Palestine,President and Parliament
????-South Sudan,President and Parliament
????-Sudan,Presidential,Parliamentary,Council of States (Senate),Local assembly,Gubernatorial and local elections
????-Central African Republic,Local elections
????-Lebanon,Municipal elections
????-Lebanon,President (by the Parliament) 13th attempt
????-India,State assembly elections in Jammu and Kashmir,Odisha,Arunachal Pradesh and Jharkhand 
????-Punjab (India),Municipal elections
????-Jammu and Kashmir (India),Municipal elections 
????-Maharashtra (India),Municipal elections 
????-Uttarakhand (India),Municipal elections 
????-Tasmania (Australia),Legislative council elections


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