ELECTORAL CALENDAR Electoral Calendar has moved here ! http://www.mherrera.org/elections.html. Please update your bookmarks !



Maximiliano Herrera's Human Rights Site
The Home Page
Electoral Democracies
It ranks all the independent countries in three categories: Electoral Democracy, Pseudo Democracy and Dictatorship according to their electoral system. It also includes a list of the countries without elections.
Freedom in the World
It ranks all the independent countries according to their political freedoms and civil rights.

It also includes the website Freedom in the Territories which shows the same ranking for the related territories and non-independent regions.

World Rank
It contains a list of all independent countries in the world ranked according to
their HDI (Human Development Index) or living standard.
It means incomes, political situation, health system, social situation,etc....

The site also includes a link to World Rank in the Territories which includes the same statistics of living standard in the related non-independent territories.

A World in Trouble
This site shows the perception of the risk of a coup or a new conflict for every independent country. This perception is ranked in: HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW, VERY LOW and NONE.
New Countries
This site shows the possibilities of some territories becoming independent. The statistics includes the short term chances and the long term chances of achieving independence.

It also includes another list which shows the statistics of some independent countries to be annexed into another country in the future.

Military Power Index
The Military power index shows the influence of the military forces in the societies of the independent countries.


Adam Carr's Election Archive It contains a huge database with the results of the past world elections
IFES provides information and links about worldwide elections.
Parties and Elections in Europe This site contains several electoral links.
Electoral Services International (former Code Incorporated) delivers election and registration supplies worldwide and provides customized materials to support secure voting worldwide.
Electoral Management Systems provides consulting services to support Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs) and good governance programs that enhance political processes to improve the electoral cycle.
Lantrade Global Supplies provides professional solutions for all aspects of the electoral process.
The International Observer also contains an electoral calendar and other political news.
Bank Holidays also includes an electoral calendar.
Elections En Europe includes electoral results and information in all European countries at national, regional and local levels. (in French)
ACE Electoral Knowledge Network provides authoritative information on elections, promotes sustained networking among reputable election professionals and offers capacity development services to electoral management institutions and electoral assistance providers.
Electoral Geography provides a map of elections worldwide.


1995  1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2017   2018   2020


  • 28 September-Afghanistan,President (delayed)


1 January-Bhutan,Local by-election in Wangkha 
6 January-Hong Kong (China),Rural representative elections in 6 districts
7 January-Dominica,Village council by-election in Good Hope
8 January-Georgia (USA),General runoff election 2nd stage
8 January-Puntland (Somalia),President
9 January-South Africa,Municipal by-election in Mpumalanga
13 January-Niger,Local elections
13 January-Hong Kong (China),Rural representative elections in 8 districts
13 January-Japan,Local elections in Reihoku,Onna,Ichinomiya,Nagaokakyo,Ma and Kamimamine
15 January-Virginia (USA),Local election in Pulasky county
16 January-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in 3 wards in Western Cape 
20 January-Portugal,Municipal by-election in Talhadas
20 January-Italy,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Cagliari
20 January-Hong Kong (China),Rural representative elections in Kaifong
20 January-Japan,Local elections in Kutchan,Nishishoko,Kawashima,Yokose,Urushimura,Iwate,Yachiyo,Abiko,Ako,Tarumi,Goshogawara,Shimizu,Fukutsu,Chikuzen,Kasumigaura,Komoro,Gobo and Nakayama
21 January-Mindanao (Philippines),Referendum on more autonomy 1st phase
24 January-Malaysia,Indirect King election (elected by the Conference of Rulers)
24 January-Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada),Provincial by-election in Topsail-Paradise
27 January-Bolivia,Presidential primary elections
27 January-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Yamanashi and Local elections in Honmiya,Yamanashi,Kofu,Moriyama,Kitakyushu,Hebei,Mikawa,Yahiko,Karuizawa,Ikeda,Oiki,Tomiya,Chikushino,Tsunagaru,Uenohara,Nishinoshima,
Showa,Shimanto,Tahara,Kameoka,Aso and Kiho 
28 January-Haryana (India),State legislative assembly by-election for 1 seat in 36-Jind
28 January-Tamil Nadu (India),State legislative assembly by-election for 1 seat in 168-Thiruvarur
28 January-Rajastan (India),State legislative assembly by-election for 1 seat in Ramgarh
30 January-South Africa,Municipal by-election in the Free State ward #47
30 January-British Columbia (Canada),Provincial by-election in Nanaimo 
3 February-El Salvador,President 
3 February-Japan,Prefectural assembly and local elections in Aichi,Local elections in Naka,Anjo,Komaki,Maizuru,Ono,Nagi,Ikawa,Ikusaka,Taru,Kashima,Kadena,Mayono,Tadotsu,Owariasahi,Rikuzentakata,Shibukawa,Suzaka,Mizunami,Yaizu,
Shimonoseki,Nijima,Hidaka,Eleji,Kajima and Kokonoe
5 February-Virginia (USA),City election in Lovettsville
5 February-Bermuda (UK),Municipal by-election in St. George's
6 February-Mindanao (Philippines),Referendum on more autonomy 2nd phase
9 February-South Australia (Australia),State assembly by-elections in Enfield and Cheltenham
10 February-Abruzzo (Italy),Regional elections
10 February-Japan,Local elections in Itako,Mihama,Bungotakada,Kara,Tomigusiku and Mihama
12 February-Oklahoma (USA),Municipal primary elections
12 February-Nebraska (USA),Mayoral recall election in York
13 February-Manitoba (Canada),Municipal by-election in St Pierre-Jolys
17 February-Japan,Local elections in Atsugi,Yosikawa,Tosu,Miyota and Fukui
19 February-Wisconsin (USA),Judicial and Municipal primary elections
23 February-Nigeria,President,Parliament and Senate elections
24 February-Senegal,President 
24 February-Moldova,Parliament 
24 February-Cuba,Referendum on the new Constitution 
24 February-Portugal,Municipal by-elections in U.F.Travassô and Óis da Ribeira
24 February-Japan,Local elections in Kunisato
24 February-Sardinia (Italy),Regional elections
25 February-British Virgin Islands (UK),Assembly elections
25 February-Canada,Parliamentary by-elections in the constituencies of Outremont,York-Simcoe and Burnaby South
25 February-Dominica,Village council by-election in Trafalgar/Shawford/Fond Canie
26 February-New York (USA),Municipal primary elections
26 February-Chicago (Illinois,USA),Mayoral election 1st round
26 February-Los Angeles (California,USA),Local Referendum on authorizing the San Marino Unified School District to renew for six years a parcel tax
2 March-Nigeria,Gubernatorial and State assembly elections
2 March-British Columbia (Canada),Local by-election in Hornby Island
3 March-Estonia,Parliament 
3 March-Nicaragua,Regional election in the Costa Atlantica Region
3 March-Poland,Mayoral election in Gdansk
3 March-Italy,PD Party: Leadership election
3 March-Japan,Local elections in Toyonaka and Toyonagi
5 March-Micronesia,Parliament
5 March-Chuuk (Micronesia),State election 
5 March-Kosrae (Micronesia),State election
5 March-Tampa (Florida),Mayoral and city council elections
5 March-California (USA),Local council elections
5 March-St. Louis (Missouri),Mayoral primary election
10 March-Guinea Bissau,Parliamentary and local elections
10 March-North Korea,Parliament
10 March-Bangladesh-District council elections in 87 district 1st phase
10 March-Salzburg (Austria),Municipal elections
11 March-North Dakota (USA),Mayoral recall election in Arnegard
12 March-India,Indirect Legislative Council by-elections for 5 members each in the States of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh (elected by the local Legislative assemblies)
12 March-Phoenix (Arizona,USA),Mayoral runoff election and 1st round of municipal by-elections in the council districts #5 and #8
15 March-Slovakia,President 1st round
17 March-Japan,Local elections in Taito
17 March-Italy,PD Party: Internal leadership elections
18 March-Bangladesh-District council elections in 124 districtc 2nd phase
19 March-Guyana,Parliament
19 March-Jacksonville (Florida,USA),Mayoral election


20 March-Netherlands,Provincial elections and Island Council elections
22 March-Samoa,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Fa'asaleleaga #2
23 March-New South Wales (Australia),State elections
24 March-Comoros,President 1st round
24 March-Thailand,Parliament
24 March-Burkina Faso,Referendum on adopting a semipresidential system
24 March-Ecuador,Municipal elections
24 March-Basilicata (Italy),Regional elections
24 March-Japan,Local election in Toyone
24 March-Bangladesh-District council elections in 127 districts 3rd phase
26 March-Tristan da Cunha (Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha,UK),Island council election
29 March-Slovakia,President 2nd round
30 March-British Columbia (Canada),Local by-election in Cariboo Regional council
31 March-Ukraine,President
31 March-Turkey,Local elections
31 March-Bangladesh-District council elections 4th phase
1 April-San Marino,Elections of two Capitani Reggenti (Chiefs of State)
1 April-Dominica,Village council by-election in St. Joseph
2 April-Malta,President (by the Parliament)
2 April-Chicago (Illinois,USA),Mayoral election 2nd round
2 April-Illinois (USA),School board election in the #46 district
2 April-Colorado Springs (Colorado,USA),Mayoral election
2 April-Missouri (USA),Municipal primary elections in Kansas City and municipal election in St. Louis
2 April-Oklahoma (USA),Municipal elections
2 April-Wisconsin (USA),Judicial and Municipal elections
2 April-Alaska (USA),Mayoral and school district elections in Anchorage
2 April-Nevada (USA),Mayoral primary elections in Las Vegas,North Las Vegas and Henderson
3 April-Solomon Islands,Parliament
3 April-Saskatchewan (Canada),Municipal by-election in Nipawin
6 April-Maldives,Parliament
6 April-Taiwan,Referendum on the independence
7 April-Andorra,Parliament
7 April-Japan,Local elections 1st round and Gubernatorial elections in Hokkaido,Kanagawa,Fukui,Fukuoka,Nara,Tottori,Shimane,Tokushima,Mie and Oitma
9 April-Israel,Parliament
9 April-Nebraska (USA),Municipal and School board primary elections in Lincoln
9 April-California (USA),Local council elections in Vernon
10 April-Belize,Referendum on submitting territorial, insular and maritime dispute with Guatemala to the International Court of Justice 
11 April-India,Parliament 1st phase
14 April-Finland,Parliament
15 April-Ontario (Canada),Municipal by-election in Rideau-Rockcliffe Ward
16 April-Alberta (Canada),Provincial elections
16 April-Newark (New Jersey,USA),School board elections
16 April-California (USA),Municipal primary election in Compton City
17 April-Indonesia,President and Parliament
17 April-Saskatchewan (Canada),Municipal by-election in St. Brieux
18 April-Algeria,President
18 April-India,Parliament 2nd phase
21 April-North Macedonia,President 1st round
21 April-Comoros,Presidential runoff election
21 April-Japan,Parliamentary by-elections for 2 seats in Okinawa #3 and Osaka #12 and Local runoff elections
23 April-India,Parliament 3rd phase 
23 April-Gujarat (India),State assembly by-elections in 77-Jamnagar,64–Dhrangadhra and 85–Manavadar
23 April-Tampa (Florida),Mayoral election
28 April-Benin,Parliament
28 April-Spain,Parliament
28 April-Portugal,Municipal by-election in Pias
28 April-Somaliland,Parliamentary,Senate and municipal elections
29 April-India,Parliament 4th phase
May-South Africa,President (by the Parliament)
May-Chad,Parliamentary and regional elections
May-Micronesia,President (by the Parliament)
May-Bermuda (UK),Municipal elections 
1 May-Nashville (Tennessee,USA),Mayoral primary elections
2 May-United Kingdom,Local elections
4 May-Texas (USA),Municipal elections
5 May-North Macedonia,President 2nd round
5 May-Panama,Presidential,Parliamentary and municipal elections
6 May-India,Parliament 5th phase
7 May-Indianapolis (Indiana,USA),Mayoral primary elections
7 May-Denver (Colorado,USA),Mayoral election 1st round
7 May-Nebraska (USA),Municipal and School Board elections in Lincoln
7 May-Buffalo (New York,USA),School Board elections
7 May-Ohio (USA),Mayoral primary elections in Franklin,Hamilton and Columbus
8 May-South Africa,Parliamentary and provincial elections
9 May-New Brunswick (Canada),Municipal by-elections in 7 municipalities
11 May-British Columbia (Canada),Municipal by-election in Cranbrook
12 May-India,Parliament 6th phase
12 May-Lithuania,President 
12 May-New Caledonia,Provincial elections 
13 May-Philippines,Parliamentary,Senate and local elections
14 May-Los Angeles (California,USA),City runoff elections and School Board elections
14 May-California (USA),Mayoral runoff election in Redondo Beach and Mayoral recall election in Montebello
14 May-Jacksonville (Florida,USA),Mayoral election
15 May-Idaho (USA),Scool Board primary election in West Ada
18 May-Australia,Half of the Senate election
19 May-India,Parliament 7th phase
19 May-Switzerland,Referendum on the Federal Act on Tax Reform and AHV Financing
21 May-Malawi,President and Parliament 
21 May-Kentucky (USA),Gubernatorial and municipal primary elections
21 May-Arizona (USA),Municipal elections 
21 May-Phoenix (Arizona,USA),Municipal runoff by-elections in the council districts #5 and #8
21 May-Oregon (USA),Municipal elections
21 May-New York (USA),School Board elections in Lukawanna
21 May-Pennsylvania (USA),Municipal primary elections in Philadelphia,Allegheny and Pittsburgh
21 May-Idaho (USA),Judicial elections 1st round
21 May-Pennsylvania (USA),Judicial primary elections
23-26 May-European Union,Parliament
24 May-Ireland,Local elections and Referendums on divorce,on reducing the voting age and on extending voting rights 
25 May-Malta,Local council elections
26 May-Belgium,Parliamentary and regional elections
26 May-Germany,Local council elections in the States of Bremen,Baden Wuttenberg,Brandenburg,Hamburg,Meckelnburg-Vorpommern,
Rheinland-Pfalz,Saarland,Saxony,Saxony-Anhalt and Turingia
26 May-Bremen (Germany),State elections
26 May-Spain,Regional elections
26 May-Greece,Local elections
26 May-Italy,Local elections 1st round and Regional elections in Emilia Romagna,Calabria and Piadmont
27 May-Netherlands,Senate
27 May-Madagascar,Parliament
27 May-Sikkim (India),Legislative assembly elections
June-UNITED NATION,Security Council election
June-Latvia,President (by the Parliament)
June-India,State legislative elections in Jammu and Kashmir 
June-Moldova,Local elections
June-Tonga,Local elections
1 June-Arunachal Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly elections
2 June-Mexico,Municipal elections in the States of Aguacalientes,Durango and Baja California,Gubernatorial election in Baja California and
local deputees elections in Baja California,Quintana Roo and Tamaulipas
4 June-California (USA),Mayoral runoff elections in Fresno and Compton City,Mayoral elections in Riverside and Industry City and 1st round of the local council elections in Los Angeles #12
4 June-Denver (Colorado,USA),Mayoral election 2nd round
4 June-New Jersey (USA),Primary municipal elections in Essex and Hudson
8 June-Texas (USA),Municipal elections in San Antonio and mayoral runoff elections in Dallas,Fort Worth,Arlington and Plano
9 June-Italy,Municipal runoff elections
11 June-Virginia (USA),State House,State Senate and Municipal primary elections
11 June-Nevada (USA),Mayoral elections in Las Vegas,Henderson and North Las Vegas
11 June-Odisha (India),Legislative assembly elections
16 June-Guatemala,Presidential 1st round,Parliamentary and municipal elections
18 June-Andhra Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly elections
18 June-Bangladesh-District council elections 5th phase
25 June-Kansas City (Missouri,USA),Mayoral election
28 June-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Aomori
30 June-Uruguay,Presidential primary elections
30 June-Albania,Local elections
July-Australia,Parliamentary and Senate elections
July-Nauru,President (by the Parliament)
July-Japan,Election of the half of the Senate
27 July-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Gunma
August-Abkhazia (Georgia),President
1 August-Nashville (Tennessee,USA),Mayoral election
6 August-Mississippi (USA),Gubernatorial,State House,State Senate and municipal primary elections 1st round
6 August-Washington State (USA),Municipal primary election in King
13 August-California (USA),Local council runoff election in Los Angeles #12
18 August-Guatemala,Presidential runoff election
25 August-Argentina,Presidential and Parliamentary primary elections
27 August-Mississippi (USA),Gubernatorial,State House,State Senate and municipal primary elections 2nd round
27 August-Knoxville (Tennessee,USA),Mayoral primary election
27 August-Tucson (Arizona,USA),Mayoral primary election
30 August-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Saitama
September-Montserrat (UK),Parliament
September-Faroe Islands (Denmark),Parliament 
September-Kazakhstan,Local elections
September-Ascension Island (Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha,UK),Island council elections
1 September-Germany,State elections in Saxony and Brandenburg
8 September-Russia,Parliamentary by-elections in Novgorod #134 and in Khabarovsk #70,Gubernatorial elections in 16 regions,Indirect Gubernatorial elections in
Crimea and Kabardino Balkaria (by the local parliaments),Local parliamentary elections in 13 regions,municipal elections in 21 regions and indirect municipal elections in Chelyabinsk
9 September-Norway,Local elections
10 September-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Iwate
10 September-North Carolina (USA),Mayoral primary election in Charlotte 1st round
11 September-New York (USA),Mayoral primary election in Buffalo
17 September-New Hampshire (USA),Municipal primary election in Manchester
19 September-Arlington (Tennessee,USA),Mayoral election
22 September-Madeira (Portugal),Legislative assembly election
22 September-Vorarlberg (Austria),State elections
28 September-Afghanistan,President
October-Bolivia,President and Parliament
October-Cameroon,Parliamentary and local elections 
October-United Arab Emirates,Parliament
October-Botswana,President and Parliament
October-Hungary,Municipal elections
October-Ukraine,Municipal elections
October-Aland (Finland),Parliamentary and municipal elections 
October-Prince Edward Island (Canada),Provincial elections and Referendum on electoral reforms
October-India,State legislative elections in the States of Haryana and Maharashtra
1 October-San Marino,Elections of two Capitani Reggenti (Chiefs of State)
1 October-Northwest Territories (Canada),Territorial elections
3 October-Memphis (Tennessee,USA),Mayoral election
6 October-Portugal,Parliamentary and municipal elections
6 October-Tunisia,Parliament
8 October-North Carolina (USA),Mayoral election in Raleigh,Mayoral primary election in Durham and Mayoral primary runoff election in Charlotte
8 October-Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada),Provincial election
12 October-Louisiana (USA),Gubernatorial,State House,State Senate and municipal primary elections
12 October-New Zealand,Local elections
12 October-Bougainville (Papua New Guinea),Referendum on the independence
13 October-Greece,Parliament
15 October-Mozambique,President and Parliament
20 October-Switzerland,Parliament
20 October-Christmas Island (Australia),Parliament
20 October-Cocos Islands (Australia),Island council election
21 October-Canada,Parliament
21 October-Nunavut (Canada),Municipal election
27 October-Argentina,President,Vice President,Parliament,Senate,Gubernatorial and local deputees elections
27 October-Uruguay,President 1st round and Parliament
27 October-Ukraine,Parliament
27 October-Haiti,Parliament
27 October-Thuringia (Germany),State elections
27 October-Colombia,Gubernatorial and municipal elections
November-Marshall Islands,Parliament
November-Namibia,President and Parliament
November-Gibraltar (UK),Parliament
November-Pohnpei (Micronesia),Gubernatorial election
November-Hong Kong (China),District council elections
November-Mali,Regional and municipal elections
November-India,State legislative elections in the State of Jharkhand
1 November-Pennsylvania (USA),Municipal election in Berks County Magisterial District 
3 November-Romania,President
5 November-United States,Gubernatorial elections in Kentucky and Mississippi,State House elections in Mississippi,Virginia and New Jersey,
State Senate elections in Mississippi and Virginia,Judicial elections in Pennsylvania,Judicial runoff elections in Idaho, 
widespread mayoral elections including Columbus,Charlotte,Houston,Philadelphia,Indianapolis,Knoxville and San Francisco,
municipal runoff election in Raleigh and city council elections in Miami #1,#2 and #4 and Orlando
7 November-Falkland Islands (UK),Referendum on the electoral system
10 November-Tunisia,President 1st round
16 November-Louisiana (USA),Gubernatorial,State House,State Senate and municipal elections
19 November-Florida (USA),City council runoff election in Miami #1,#2 and #4 and City elections in Hialeah 
24 November-Tunisia,President 2nd round
26 November-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Osaka
30 November-Uruguay,Presidential runoff election
December-Mauritius,President and Parliament
December-Pitcairn Island (UK),Deputy Mayor and Island Council elections
December-Switzerland,President (by the Parliament)
December-Andorra,Municipal elections
1 December-Senegal,Municipal elections
3 Decemer-Florida (USA),City council runoff elections in Orlando
6 December-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Kochi
14 December-Texas (USA),Municipal runoff election in Harris
27 December-Azerbaijan,Municipal elections

????-Guinea Bissau,President 
????-Mali,Referendum on the creation of a Senate and on increasing powers for the president
????-Libya,President and Parliament
????-Libya,Referendum on the Constitution
????-Libya,Local elections
????-Egypt,Local council and municipal elections
????-Egypt,Referendum on extending the presidential term to 6 years and giving more power to the president
????-Puntland (Somalia),Local council elections
????-Togo,Referendum on presidential term limits and local elections
????-Congo Kinshasa,Indirect Senate elections (by the Provincial Assemblies)
????-Madagascar,Provincial and regional elections
????-Syria,Regional assembly elections in Northern Syria (not recognized by the Central government)
????-Palestine,President and Parliament
????-Canada,Parliamentary by-election in Nanaimo-Ladysmith 
????-Trinidad and Tobago,Local elections
????-Fiji,Municipal elections


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