ELECTORAL CALENDAR Electoral Calendar has moved here ! http://www.mherrera.org/elections.html. Please update your bookmarks !



Maximiliano Herrera's Human Rights Site
The Home Page
Electoral Democracies
It ranks all the independent countries in three categories: Electoral Democracy, Pseudo Democracy and Dictatorship according to their electoral system. It also includes a list of the countries without elections.
Freedom in the World
It ranks all the independent countries according to their political freedoms and civil rights.

It also includes the website Freedom in the Territories which shows the same ranking for the related territories and non-independent regions.

World Rank
It contains a list of all independent countries in the world ranked according to
their HDI (Human Development Index) or living standard.
It means incomes, political situation, health system, social situation,etc....

The site also includes a link to World Rank in the Territories which includes the same statistics of living standard in the related non-independent territories.

A World in Trouble
This site shows the perception of the risk of a coup or a new conflict for every independent country. This perception is ranked in: HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW, VERY LOW and NONE.
New Countries
This site shows the possibilities of some territories becoming independent. The statistics includes the short term chances and the long term chances of achieving independence.

It also includes another list which shows the statistics of some independent countries to be annexed into another country in the future.

Military Power Index
The Military power index shows the influence of the military forces in the societies of the independent countries.


Adam Carr's Election Archive It contains a huge database with the results of the past world elections
IFES provides information and links about worldwide elections.
Parties and Elections in Europe This site contains several electoral links.
Electoral Services International (former Code Incorporated) delivers election and registration supplies worldwide and provides customized materials to support secure voting worldwide.
Electoral Management Systems provides consulting services to support Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs) and good governance programs that enhance political processes to improve the electoral cycle.
Lantrade Global Supplies provides professional solutions for all aspects of the electoral process.
The International Observer also contains an electoral calendar and other political news.
Bank Holidays also includes an electoral calendar.
ACE Electoral Knowledge Network provides authoritative information on elections, promotes sustained networking among reputable election professionals and offers capacity development services to electoral management institutions and electoral assistance providers.
Electoral Geography provides a map of elections worldwide.


1995  1996   1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2017   2018   2019   2020   2022


  • 14 February-Kosovo,Parliament
  • 4 April-Bulgaria,Parliament
  • 18 April-Cape Verde,Parliament
  • 25 April-Haiti,Referendum on the new Constitution
  • 22 May-Palestine,Parliament
  • 31 July-Palestine,President
  • 19 September-Haiti,President and Parliament
  • 17 October-Cape Verde,President


January-Goa (India),Municipal elections
January-Himachal Pradesh (India),Municipal and village elections
January-Madhya Pradesh (India),Municipal elections
4 January-Dominica,Village council election in Good Hope
5 January-Georgia (USA),US Senate runoff elections for 2 seats
5 January-Virginia (USA),Special elections for House districts #2 and #90
7-14 January-Somalia,Indirect Senate elections (elected by Federal States assemblies)
10 January-Kyrgyzstan,President
10 January-Kazakhstan,Parliamentary and local council elections
12 January-South Carolina (USA),Special elections in Olar,Williston,Lamar and Kershaw and local election in Gaston
14 January-Uganda,President and 1st round,Parliamentary and local elections
15 January-Ontario (Canada),Municipal by-election in Scarborough—Agincourt ward #22
16 January-Bangladesh,Municipal elections 2nd phase
16-29 January-Papua New Guinea,Parliamentary by-election
17 January-Japan,Local elections in 12 municipalities
19 January-Japan,Mayoral election in Kuromatsunai
19 January-Alabama (USA),Special election for State House district #33
19 January-South Carolina (USA),Special primary election in Spartanburg
23 January-Texas (USA),Special election for State House district #68
19 January-Ohio (USA),Village council recall election in Woodmere
24 January-Portugal,President
24 January-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Yamagata,Prefectural election in Gifu and local elections in 21 municipalities
25 January-Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago),Local assembly election
26 January-Alabama (USA),Special election for Birmingham City Schools District 7 1st round
26 January-South Carolina (USA),Special election in Chesterfield,Special primary election in Florence and Local council election in Saluda
30 January-Bangladesh,Municipal elections 3rd phase
31 January-Japan,Local elections in 26 municipalities
February-Victoria (Australia),Local council by-election in Northern Grampians Shire Council -Kara Kara Ward  (elected by postal voting)
February-Jamaica,Municipal elections
February-Andhra Pradesh (India),Village Councils elections
February-West Bengal (India),Municipal elections
February-Rwanda,District elections
1 February-Dominica,Village council election in Morne Jaune/Riviere Cyrique
2 February-New York City (New York,USA),Special election for City Council District 24
2 February-South Carolina (USA),Special election in St. Stephen
3 February-Dominica,Village council election in Giraudel/Eggleston
3 February-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in 2 wards each of Limpopo and Gauteng and in 1 ward of Free State
7 February-Liechtenstein,Parliament
7 February-Ecuador,President 1st round and Parliament
7 February-Japan,Local elections in 20 municipalities
8 February-Uganda,Parliament 2nd round
8 February-Dominica,Village council election in Dublanc/Bioche
9 February-Oklahoma (USA),City council primary election in Oklahoma City and Special primary election for Tulsa County treasurer
9 February-South Carolina (USA),Special elections in Allendale and Briarcliffe Acres
9-21 February-Somalia,Indirect Parliamentary elections (by local clan assemblies)
14 February-Kosovo,Parliament
14 February-Central African Republic,President and Parliament 2nd round
16 February-Wisconsin (USA),Municipal and judicial primary elections
16 February-Colorado (USA),Recall election in Montezuma-Cortez School District
20 February-Niger,Presidential runoff election
21 February-Laos,Parliamentary elections and provincial election in Vientiane
23 February-New York City (New York,USA),Special election for City Council District 31
24 February-Western Australia (Australia),Local government by-election in East Pilbara
26 February-Western Australia (Australia),Local government by-elections in Chittering,Karratha and Nedlands
28 February-El Salvador,Parliament
28 February-Carinthia (Austria),Municipal elections
March-Turks and Caicos (UK),Parliament 
March-Myanmar,President (by the Parliament)
March-Kosovo,President (by the Parliament)
March-Somalia,President (by the Parliament)
March-Senegal,Regional and local elections
March-Pakistan,Half of Senate elections
March-San Marino,Elections of two Capitani Reggenti (Chiefs of the State)
March-Barbuda (Antigua and Barbuda),Local assembly election
March-Maldives,Local elections
March-Punjab (Pakistan),Local elections
1 March-South Australia (Australia),Local council by-elections in The Flinders Ranges and Clare & Gilbert Valleys
2 March-Rhode Island (USA),Referendum on bonds issues 
2 March-South Carolina (USA),City council elections in Laurens county and in Lockhart
2 March-Vermont (USA),City council election in Montpelier
2 March-Micronesia,Parliament
2 March-Burlington (Vermont,USA),Mayoral election
2 March-St. Louis (Missouri,USA),Mayoral primary election
3 March-Belize,Municipal elections
5 March-Western Australia (Australia),Local government by-election in Menzies
6 March-Cote d'Ivoire,Parliament
7 March-Bolivia,Gubernatorial and municipal elections,Provincial elections in Beni,Regional assembly election in Gran Chaco and Sectional Executives election in Tarija
7 March-Switzerland,Referendums on change in the Electronic Identification Services Act,
Economic Partnership Agreement between the EFTA States and Indonesia and banning the veiling
7 March-Valais (Switzerland),Gran Council and st round of Council of State elections
7 March-Geneva Canton (Switzerland),Local Referendum about tax discounts and City Referedum in Geneva about
issues of credit 
7 March-Appenzell Ausserrhoden (Switzerland),Cantonal by-elections 1st round
7 March-Solothurn (Switzerland),Municipal elections 1st round
9 March-Arizona (USA),Mayoral runoff election in Phoenix
9 March-Alabama (USA),Special general runoff election for Birmingham City Schools District 7
9 March-Maine (USA),Special election for State Senate district #14
9 March-California (USA),Municipal election in Orange county
13 March-Western Australia (Australia),State elections
13 March-Norfolk Island (Australia),Regional council election
13 March-Palawan Province (Philippines),Referendum on the partition of the province
14 March-Honduras,Presidential primary elections and municipal elections
14 March-Baden-Württemberg and 	Rhineland-Palatinate (Germany),State elections
14 March-Hesse (Germany),District and local council elections
17 March-Netherlands,Parliament
19 March-Curacao (Netherlands),Parliament
21 March-Congo Brazzaville,President
21 March-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Chiba Prefecture
23 March-South Carolina (USA),Special election in Spartanburg
28 March-Turkmenistan,Parliament
28 March-Valais (Switzerland),Council of State runoff election
30 March-South Carolina (USA),Special election in Florence
April-Laos,President (by the Parliament)
April-United States,House of Assembly special election for Lousiana #2
April-Isle of Man (UK Dependency),Local elections
April-Abkhazia (Georgia),Local council elections 
April-Gagauzia (Moldova),Parliament
April-Greenland (Denmark),Local elections
April-Angola,Local elections
4 April-Bulgaria,Parliament
4 April-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Akita Prefecture
6 April-Wisconsin (USA),Judicial and municipal elections
6 April-Anchorage (Alaska,USA),Mayoral election
6 April-Missouri (USA),Mayoral election in St. Louis and city council election in Jefferson 
6 April-Omaha (Nebraska),Mayoral primary election
6 April-Colorado (USA),City council election in Colorado Springs
6 April-Mississippi (USA),Mayoral and city council primary elections in Jackson
6 April-Nebraska (USA),Mayoral and city council primary elections in Omaha and City council primary election in Lincoln
6 April-Oklahoma (USA),City council election in Oklahoma City and Special election for Tulsa County treasurer
6 April-South Carolina (USA),Local council election in Winnsboro
9 April-Samoa,Parliament
9 April-Djibouti,President 1st round
11 April-Peru,President 1st round and Parliament
11 April-Ecuador,Presidential runoff election
11 April-Chile,Constitutional Assembly election and Gubernatorial,Mayoral and Municipal elections
11 April-Chad,President
11 April-Benin,President 1st round and local elections
11 April-Kyrgyzstan,Municipal elections 
11 April-Appenzell Ausserrhoden (Switzerland),Cantonal by-elections 2nd round and Municipal by-elections 1st round
13 April-South Carolina (USA),Special election in Georgetown
18 April-Cape Verde,Parliament
18 April-Ticino (Switzerland),Municipal elections
18 April-Neuchatel (Switzerland),Cantonal elections 1st round
18 April-Finland,Municipal elections
20 April-Delaware (USA),City council election in Dover
23 March-Israel,Parliament
23 April-Djibouti,President 2nd round
25 April-Haiti,Referendum on the new Constitution
25 April-Albania,Parliament
25 April-Thuringia (Germany),State election
25 April-Appenzell Innerrhoden (Switzerland),Rural communities elections
25 April-Solothurn (Switzerland),Municipal runoff elections
30 April-Nepal,Parliament 1st round
May-Italy,Municipal elections and Regional election in Calabria
May-Nebraska (USA),Municipal election in Omaha
May-Burkina Faso,Municipal elections
May-Croatia,Local elections
1 May-Texas (USA),Mayoral and city council elections
2 May-Appenzell Ausserrhoden (Switzerland),Municipal by-elections 2nd round
4 May-Montana (USA),Special and school board elections
4 May-Nebraska (USA),City council election in Lincoln
4 May-Ohio (USA),Mayoral,City council and judicial primary elections in Cleveland,City council and judicial primary elections in Franklin county and Columbus
and City council primary election in Cuyahoga county
6 May-England (UK),Local elections and Local assembly election in London
6 May-Wales (UK),Local assembly election
6 May-Scotland (UK),Local assembly election
9 May-Benin,President 2nd round
9 May-Neuchatel (Switzerland),Cantonal runoff elections
10 May-Nepal,Parliament 2nd round
10 May-New Brunswick (Canada),Municipal elections
11 May-Nebraska (USA),Mayoral and City council elections in Omaha
18 May-Pennsylvania (USA),Municipal and Judicial primary elections
18 May-Oregon (USA),School board elections in Multnomah County
22 May-Palestine,Parliament
23 May-Vietnam,Parliamentary and local elections
23 May-Cyprus,Parliament
24 May-Tamil Nadu (India),Legislative assembly elections
26 May-Cayman Islands (UK),Parliament
30 May-Catalonia (Spain),Parliament
June-Saint Lucia,Parliament
June-Israel,President (by the Parliament)
June-Odisha (India),Municipal elections
June-Mauritius,Municipal elections
June-France,Departmental and regional elections
June-Martinique (France),Territorial assembly election
June-French Guiana (France),Territorial assembly election
June-Corsica (France),Territorial assembly election
June-Reunion (France),Departmental and regional elections
June-Guadeloupe (France), Departmental and regional elections
June-Mayotte (France), Departmental elections
5 June-Gambia,Referendum on the Constitution
5 June-Latvia,Local elections
6 June-Mexico,Parliamentary election,Gubernatorial elections in Baja California,Baja California Sur,Sonora,Chihuahua,Nuevo Leon,Sinaloa,San Luis Potosi,Nayarit,
Queretaro,Colima,Tlaxcala,Guerrero,Michoacan and Campeche and Municipal elections in all states except Hidalgo and Durango
6 June-Peru,Presidential runoff election
6 June-Iraq,Parliament
6 June-Saxony-Anhalt (Germany),State election
8 June-New Jersey (USA),Republican Party: Gubernatorial primary election
8 June-Virginia (USA),Judicial primary elections and Democratic Party: Gubernatorial primary election
8 June-California (USA),City council election in Riverside 1st round
8 June-Mississippi (USA),Mayoral and city council elections in Jackson
16 June-Guernsey (UK),General elections
18 June-Iran,President
22 June-New York (New York,USA),Mayoral primary election
July-Sao Tome and Principe,President
July-Vietnam,President (by the Parliament)
July-Kuwait,Local elections
July-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Hyogo Prefecture
31 July-Palestine,President
August-Estonia,President (by the Parliament)
August-Fiji,President (by the Parliament)
August-South Sudan,Presidential,Parliamentary and local elections
August-South Africa,District elections
August-Jordan,Gubernatorial and municipal elections
August-Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada),Provincial elections
3 August-Washington State (USA),Judicial,mayoral and city council primary elections
3 August-Arizona (USA),City council primary election in Tucson
6 August-California (USA),City council primary election in Los Angeles
3 August-Kansas (USA),City council primary election in Wichita
3 August-Michigan (USA),Mayoral and city primary elections in Detroit and Lansing
7 August-Sarawak (Malaysia),State election
10 August-Utah (USA),City council primary election in Salt Lake City
12 August-Zambia,Presidential,Parliamentary and local elections
24 August-St. Petersburg (Florida,USA),Mayoral primary election
24 August-Alabama (USA),Mayoral election in Birmingham 1st round
28 August-Taiwan,Referendum on a new Constitution
28 August-Northern Territory (Australia),Local council elections
September-New South Wales (Australia),Local government elections
September-Aruba (Netherlands),Parliament
September-San Marino,Elections of two Capitani Reggenti (Chiefs of the State)
September-Macau (China),Local assembly election
September-Upper Austria (Austria),State and municipal elections
4 September-New South Wales (Australia),Local government elections
5 September-Hong Kong (China),Legislative council election
12 September-Lower Saxony (Germany),District and local council elections and Regional elections in Hannover
13 September-Norway,Parliament
14 September-Montana (USA),Municipal primary election in Helena
14 September-North Carolina (USA),Mayoral and city council primary elections in Charlotte 1st round
14 September-Ohio (USA),Mayoral,city council and judicial primary elections in Toledo
19 September-Russia,Parliamentary and local elections
19 September-Haiti,President and Parliament 1st round
21 September-Maryland (USA),Mayoral and city council elections in Annapolis
23 September-Isle of Man (UK dependency),Parliament
26 September-Germany,Parliamentary election,State and district elections in Berlin and State election in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania
28 September-Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada),Municipal elections
October-Morocco,Parliamentary,regional and municipal elections
October-Morocco-Indirect Senate elections (elected by regional authorities)
October-Christmas Island (Australia),Parliament
October-Cocos Islands (Australia),Island council election
October-Portugal,Municipal elections
October-Timor Leste,Municipal elections
October-North Macedonia,Local elections
October-Georgia,Local elections
October-Venezuela,Gubernatorial elections
October-Nunavut (Canada),Territorial elections
3 October-Zug (Switzerland),Municipal elections
5 October-Alabama (USA),Mayoral election in Birmingham 2nd round
5 October-Alaska (USA),Mayoral and city assembly elections in Juneau
5 October-North Carolina (USA),Mayoral and city council elections in Raleigh and Cary 1st round and Mayoral and city council primary elections in Durham
8-9 October-Czech Republic,Parliament
9 October-Louisiana (USA),Mayoral and City council primary elections in New Orleans
10 October-Paraguay,Municipal elections
10 October-Kyrgyzstan,Municipal elections in 4 local councils
12 October-North Carolina (USA),Mayoral and city council primary elections in Charlotte 2nd round
17 October-Cape Verde,President
17 October-Estonia,Municipal elections
18 October-Alberta (Canada),Municipal elections
19 October-Northwest Territories (Canada),Municipal elections
19 October-South Carolina (USA),Local council election in Rock Hill
21 October-Yukon (Canada),Municipal elections
24 October-Argentina,Elections of half of Parliament
24 October-Chad,Parliamentary and local elections
November-Honduras,President and Parliament
November-Palau,State elections in Ngaraard,Ngchesar and Koror
November-Yukon (Canada),Territorial elections
2 November-United States,Gubernatorial elections in New Jersey and Virginia,Municipal elections in Boston,Buffalo,Cincinnati,Charlotte,Cleveland,Concord,Durham,Toledo,
Detroit,Jersey City,Santa Fe,Greensboro,Albuquerque,Annapolis,Helena,Minneapolis,St. Paul,Lansing,Miami,Topeka,New York,Seattle,Harrisburg and St. Petersburg,
City council elections in Los Angeles,Wichita,Olympia,Boise,Des Moines,Salt Lake City,Columbus,Aurora,Essex County,Erie County,Cuyahoga county,Franklin county,Allegheny County,Orlando and Tucson,
Mayoral and city council runoff elections in Raleigh and Cary,City council runoff election in Riverside and City council and mayoral primary elections in Hialeah
2 November-Colorado (USA),Referendum on a bond issue
2 November-Pennsylvania (USA),Judicial elections
2 November-Virginia (USA),Judicial elections
2 November-Washington State (USA),Judicial elections
7 November-Albany (New York,USA),Mayoral election
7 November-Nicaragua,President and Parliament
7 November-Nunavut (Canada),Municipal elections
13 November-Louisiana (USA),Mayoral and City council elections in New Orleans
16 November-Florida (USA),Mayoral and city council elections in Hialeah and Mayoral and city council runoff elections in Miami and Orlando
16 November-Denmark,Regional and municipal elections
21 November-Chile,President 1st round,Parliament and Senate elections
21 November-Haiti,President and Parliament 2nd round
4 December-Gambia,President
December-Transnistria (Moldova),President
December-Pitcairn Islands (UK),Island council and Deputy Mayoral elections
December-Sark (Guernsey,UK),General elections
December-Palau,State election in Peleliu
December-Switzerland,President (by the Parliament)
December-Cyprus,Municipal elections
December-Oman,Municipal elections
December-Algeria,Indirect Council of Nation (Senate) election
13 December-Northwest Territories (Canada),Hamlet elections
19 December-Chile,President 2nd round and Parliament
24 December-Libya,President and Parliament

????-France,Parliamentary by-elections in Gard #5,Paris #15 and Pas-de-Calais #6 2nd round
????-Ireland,Referendum on extending the right to vote to nonresident citizens
????-Faroe Islands (Denmark),Referendum on self-determination
????-Gibraltar (UK),Referendum on partially legalizing abortion
????-Sprska Republic (Bosnia and Herzegovina),Referendum on the independence
????-Yemen,Referendum on the new Constitution
????-Yemen,President and Parliament
????-Iraq,President (by the Parliament)
????-Iraq,Provincial elections
????-Armenia,Referendum on suspending the power of 7 judges of the Constitutional Court
????-South Ossetia (Georgia),Referendum on becoming part of Russia
????-Afghanistan,Parliamentary by-election in Ghanzi
????-Afghanistan,Provincial elections
????-Japan,Gubernatorial elections in Tokyo,Chiba, Akita, Shizuoka, Hyōgo, Ibaraki, Miyagi and Hiroshima
????-Jharkhand (India),District Councils,Township Councils and Village Councils
????-Manipur (India),District council elections in 6 districts
????-Tamil Nadu (India),Municipal elections
????-Andhra Pradesh (India),Municipal and district elections
????-Gujarat (India),Municipal and district elections
????-Madhya Pradesh (India),Municipal and district elections
????-Maharashtra (India),Village elections
????-Punjab (India),Municipal and district elections
????-Rajasthan (India),Municipal and district elections
????-Tripura (India),District and local tribal areas elections
????-Meghalaya (India),Local election in Garo Hills
????-India,State legislative elections in Assam,Kerala,Puducherry and West Bengal
????-Pakistan,Parliamentary by-elections for 2 seats
????-Pakistan,Municipal elections in Belochistan,Sindh,Islamabad and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa 
????-Bangladesh,Municipal elections 
????-Congo Kinshasa,Municipal elections
????-Libya,Municipal elections
????-Egypt,Local council and municipal elections
????-Ethiopia,Parliamentary and local elections
????-Ethiopia,Indirect House of Federation (Senate) elections
????-Mali,Regional and municipal elections
????-Somaliland,Parliamentary,Senate and municipal elections
????-Ghana,Referendums on a direct election of Municipal Chief Executives and allowing political parties to be involved in local elections 
????-Mali,Referendum on the creation of a Senate and on increasing powers for the president
????-Puntland (Somalia),Local council elections
????-Gabon,Parliamentary by-elections
????-Gabon,Indirect Senate election (by local and departmental councillors)
????-Gambia,Parliamentary by-election
????-Madagascar,Local elections
????-Botswana,Local by-election
????-Cameroon,Local by-election
????-Kenya,Local by-elections
????-Zimbabwe,Local government by-elections
????-United States,House of Representative special election for Ohio #11
????-Atlanta (Georgia,USA),Mayoral election
????-Rochester (New York,USA),Mayoral election
????-Columbia (South Carolina,USA),Mayoral election
????-Belize,Parliamentary by-election in Corozal Bay
????-Bahamas,Local elections
????-Saint Lucia,Mayoral election in Castries
????-Cuba,Municipal elections
????-Colombia,Municipal elections
????-Peru,Municipal elections
????-Guyana,Local elections
????-Argentina,Gubernatorial elections in Corrientes and Santiago del Estero and provincial elections in 13 districts
????-Solomon Islands,Parliamentary by-election
????-Malaita (Solomon Islands),Referendum on the independence
????-Vanuatu,Referendums on regulating the political parties,on amending the 7th article of the Constitution,on the Bill for the Representation of the People
and on charitable associations


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