ELECTORAL CALENDAR Electoral Calendar has moved here ! http://www.mherrera.org/elections.html. Please update your bookmarks !



Maximiliano Herrera's Human Rights Site
The Home Page
Electoral Democracies
It ranks all the independent countries in three categories: Electoral Democracy, Pseudo Democracy and Dictatorship according to their electoral system. It also includes a list of the countries without elections.
Freedom in the World
It ranks all the independent countries according to their political freedoms and civil rights.

It also includes the website Freedom in the Territories which shows the same ranking for the related territories and non-independent regions.

World Rank
It contains a list of all independent countries in the world ranked according to
their HDI (Human Development Index) or living standard.
It means incomes, political situation, health system, social situation,etc....

The site also includes a link to World Rank in the Territories which includes the same statistics of living standard in the related non-independent territories.

A World in Trouble
This site shows the perception of the risk of a coup or a new conflict for every independent country. This perception is ranked in: HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW, VERY LOW and NONE.
New Countries
This site shows the possibilities of some territories becoming independent. The statistics includes the short term chances and the long term chances of achieving independence.

It also includes another list which shows the statistics of some independent countries to be annexed into another country in the future.

Military Power Index
The Military power index shows the influence of the military forces in the societies of the independent countries.


Adam Carr's Election Archive It contains a huge database with the results of the past world elections
IFES provides information and links about worldwide elections.
Parties and Elections in Europe This site contains several electoral links.
Electoral Services International (former Code Incorporated) delivers election and registration supplies worldwide and provides customized materials to support secure voting worldwide.
Electoral Management Systems provides consulting services to support Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs) and good governance programs that enhance political processes to improve the electoral cycle.
Lantrade Global Supplies provides professional solutions for all aspects of the electoral process.
The International Observer also contains an electoral calendar and other political news.
Bank Holidays also includes an electoral calendar.
Elections En Europe includes electoral results and information in all European countries at national, regional and local levels. (in French)
ACE Electoral Knowledge Network provides authoritative information on elections, promotes sustained networking among reputable election professionals and offers capacity development services to electoral management institutions and electoral assistance providers.
Electoral Geography provides a map of elections worldwide.


1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2018


  • 10 May-Bahamas,Parliament
  • 21 May-Turkmenistan,Parliamentary and local government elections
  • 8 June-United Kingdom,Parliament


8 January-Colombia,Mayoral election in Fresno (Tolima)
10 January-Georgia (USA),US House and Senate runoff elections
15 January-Japan,Local elections 
15 January-Portugal,Municipal by-election in A.F. de Galveias
20 January-Lower Austria (Austria),Municipal elections in Waidhofen an der Ybbs
22 January-Japan,Prefectural election in Yamagata and Local elections 
22 January-Tanzania,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Dimani constituency
22 January-Zimbabwe,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Bikita West constituency
22 January-France,Socialist Party: Presidential primary election 1st round
23 January-Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago),Local assembly election
23 January-Tokelau (New Zealand),Island council and mayoral elections 1st stage in Nukunonu
27 January-Tokelau (New Zealand),Island council and mayoral elections 2nd stage in Fakaofo
28 January-Cote d'Ivoire,Parliamentary by-elections in the electoral districts #92 and #126 
29 January-France,Socialist Party: Presidential primary election 2nd round
29 January-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Gifu Prefecture and Local elections in Kitakyushu,Kameyama and Toda
29 January-Haiti,Senate runoff election
31 January-Alabama (USA),State House special election in the district #67
31 January-Tokelau (New Zealand),Island council and mayoral elections 3rd stage in Atafu 
1 February-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in Free State ward #12 and in Western Cape wards #11 and #25
1 February-Ontario (Canada),Municipal by-election in Sault Ste. Marie #2
2 February-Virginia (USA),Mayoral election in Fairfax
3 February-India,Indirect Legislative Council by-elections in the States of Uttar Pradesh,Karnataka and Maharashtra (elected by Council from Graduates and Teachers Constituencies)
4 February-India,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in 2-Amritsar constituency
4 February-Goa (India),Legislative assembly election
4 February-Punjab (India),Legislative assembly election
5 February-Liechtenstein,Parliament 
5 February-Japan,Local elections
7 February-New Mexico (USA),County election in Bernalillo
8 February-Somalia,President (by the Parliament) 
11 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 1st phase
12 February-Japan,Local elections
12 February-Rodrigues Island (Mauritius),Regional assembly election
12 February-Germany,President (by the Parliament)
12 February-Turkmenistan,President 
12 February-Switzerland,Referendum on easing rules for for third-generation immigrants to gain citizenship
12 February-Spain:Podemos Party : Internal leadership election
14 February-Washington State (USA),Special elections
14 February Minnesota (USA),Special elections
14 February-Oklahoma (USA),Special election and City primary election in Oklahoma City
15 February-Indonesia,Gubernatorial elections in the provinces of
Jakarta,Aceh,Bangka Belitung,Baten,Gorontalo,West Sulawesi and West Papua
and municipal elections 1st round
15 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 2nd phase
15 February-Uttarakhand (India),Legislative assembly election
18 February-Sarawak State (Malaysia),State assembly by-election in Tanjung-Datu
19 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 3rd phase
19 February-Ecuador,Presidential 1st round,parliamentary,gubernatorial and municipal elections and Referendum on banning politicians and
civil servants from having bank accounts or companies based in tax havens 
19 February-Canada,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Ottawa–Vanier
19 February-Japan,Local elections
20 February-Nagorno Karabakh (Azerbaijan),Referendum on giving more power to the president and on renaming of Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh as Republic of Artsakh
21 February-Marshall Islands,Constitutional Convention Representatives elections
21 February-Wisconsin (USA),Municipal and judicial primary elections
23 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 4th phase
23 February-United Kingdom,Parliamentary by-elections in Copeland and Stoke-on-Trent Central
24 February-Djibouti,Municipal elections
25 February-New Zealand,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Mount Albert
25 February-Delaware (USA),Special election for State Senate #10
26 February-Japan,Local elections
27 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 5h phase
28 February-Illinois (USA),Municipal primary elections
28 February-Connecticut (USA),Special elections
1 March-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in Eastern Cape ward #16 and in Free State ward #39
2 March-Northern Ireland (UK),Parliament 
4 March-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 6th phase
4 March-Manipur (India),Legislative assembly election 1st phase
5 March-Japan,Local elections
6 March-Connecticut (USA),Municipal primary elections
7 March-Alabama (USA),Municipal election in Tuscaloosa
7 March-Missouri (USA),Municipal primary elections
7 March-Los Angeles (California,USA),City primary election
7 March-Micronesia,Parliamentary election and Referendum on the dual citizenship
7 March-Chuuk (Micronesia),Gubernatorial election
8 March-Manipur (India),Legislative assembly election 2nd phase
8 March-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 7th phase
8 March-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in three districts in the Mpumalanga State
9 March-India,Legislative councils by-elections for 5 seats in the State of Andhra Pradesh,for 1 seat in the State of Telangana and for 4 seats in the State of Bihar
10-11 March-Czech Republic,Czech Social Democratic Party:Internal leadership election
11 March-Western Australia (Australia),State elections
12 March-Peru,Municipal elections in 3 municipalities
12 March-Japan,Local elections
12 March-Abkhazia (Georgia),Parliamentary elections 1st round and local elections in Gali district 
14 March-Idaho (USA),Special elections
14 March-Florida (USA),Municipal elections
14 March-Virginia (USA),Special election in Bath county
14 March-Kansas (USA),Referendum on issuing a State bond
14 March-Arizona (USA),District election in Phoenix #3
15 March-Netherlands,Parliament
18 March-Alberta (Canada),Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta: Internal leadership election
19 March-Saint Barthelemy (France),Territorial council election
19 March-Saint Martin (France),Territorial council election
19 March-Saint Pierre et Miquelon (France),Legislative election
19 March-India,Indirect Legislative Council by-elections for 7 seats in the State of Andhra Pradesh and for 3 seats in the State of Telangana (elected by the Members of Legislative Assemblies)
and Council of States by-election for 1 seat in the State of West Bengal
19 March-Japan,Local elections
19 March-Germany,SPD Party: Internal leadership election
20 March-Timor Leste,President 
21 March-Georgia (USA),Special elections 
25 March-Louisiana (USA),Municipal primary election
26 March-Bulgaria,Parliament 
26 March-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Chiba Prefecture and Local elections
26 March-Hong Kong (China),Chief Executive election
26 March-Saarland (Germany),State legislative election
26 March-March-Abkhazia (Georgia),Parliamentary elections 2nd round
26 March-Wallis and Futuna (France),Territorial Assembly election
29 March-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in KwaZulu-Natal in Ward 32–Msunduzi and in Ward 71–uPhongolo
1 April-Myanmar,Parliamentary by-elections for 18 seats 
1 April-San Marino,Indirect election of two Capitani Reggenti (Heads of the State)
2 April-Serbia,President 
2 April-Armenia,Parliament 
2 April-Ecuador,Presidential runoff election
2 April-Costa Rica,PLN Party: Presidential primary elections
2 April-Japan,Local elections
3 April-Canada,Parliamentary by-elections for 5 seats in Ottawa-Vanier,Calgary Heritage,Calgary Midnapore,Markham-Thornhill and Saint Laurent
4 April-Illinois (USA),Municipal elections
4 April-Missouri (USA),Municipal elections
4 April-Kansas (USA),Special elections and mayoral election in Topeka
4 April-Wisconsin (USA),Municipal and judicial elections
4 April-Alaska (USA),City election in Anchorage
4 April-Colorado (USA),City elections in Colorado Springs
4 April-Nevada (USA),City primary elections in Henderson,Las Vegas and North Las Vegas
4 April-Nebraska (USA),City primary elections in Lincoln and Omaha
4 April-Oklahoma (USA),City election in Oklahoma City
4 April-California (USA),Special primary election for US House of Representative #34th District
5 April-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in in the states of Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Western Cape in a total of 5 wards
6 April-Gambia,Parliament
8 April-New South Wales (Australia),State assembly by-elections in Gosford,Manly and North Shore
9 April-Finland,Municipal elections
9 April-South Ossetia (Georgia),Presidential election 1st round and Referendum on the name of the country
9 April-Japan,Prefectural election in Akita and Local elections
9 April-India,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Jammu and Kashmir 2-Srinagar and State assembly by-elections for 2 seats each in the State assemblies of
Madhya Pradesh and Karmataka and for 1 seat each in the State assemblies of Assam,Himachal Pradesh,West Bengal,Rajastan,NCT of Delhi and Jharkhand
12 April-India,Parliamentary by-election for 2 seats in Jammu and Kashmir 3-Anantnag and Kerala 6-Malappuram and State assembly by-elections for 1 seat each in the State assemblies of Tamil Nadu and Sikkim
16 April-Japan,Local elections
16 April-Turkey,Referendum on introducing the presidential system 
17 April-Jammu and Kashmir (India),Indirect Legislative council elections for 6 seats (by the members of the Legislative Assembly)
18 April-Georgia (USA),Special elections


19 April-Indonesia,Gubernatorial and municipal elections 2nd round
19 April-Albania,President (by the Parliament)
22 April-Quebec (Canada),Bloc Quebecois: Internal leadership election
23 April-France,President 1st round (L. Jacquemin 30/3/16)
23 April-Japan,Local elections
25 April-Washington State (USA),Special elections
26 April-South Africa,Municipal by-election in the Northern Cape State ward #2
27 March-Barbuda (Antigua and Barbuda),Local council elections for 5 seats and local council by-election for 1 seat
28 April-Curacao (Netherlands),Assembly election
29 April-Louisiana (USA),Municipal elections
30 April-Galmudug (Somalia),President (by the Parliament)
30 April-Japan,Local elections in Shiso and in Minami Izu
30 April-Italy:PD Party: Internal leadership election
2 May-Graz (Austria),Municipal and district council elections
2 May-Mississippi (USA),Municipal primary elections 1st round
2 May-Montana (USA),Special elections
2 May-Nebraska (USA),City election in Lincoln
2 May-Ohio (USA),City primary elections
2 May-St. Petersburg (Florida),Local Referendum
4 May-United Kingdom,Local council elections in England,Wales and Scotland and English Regional Mayors elections
4 May-Algeria,Parliamentary and local elections
6 May-Niue (New Zealand),Parliament (L. Jacquemin 23/2/17)
6 May-Tasmania (Australia),Legislative council elections in the divisions of Launceston, Murchison and Rumney
6 May-Texas (USA),Local elections 
7 May-France,President 2nd round (L. Jacquemin 30/3/16)
7 May-Schleswig-Holstein (Germany),State legislative election
9 May-South Korea,President
9 May-British Columbia (Canada),Provincial election
9 May-Nebraska (USA),City election in Omaha
9 May-New Jersey (USA),Mayoral election in Jersey City
10 May-Bahamas,Parliament (L. Jacquemin 11/4/17)
13 May-Texas (USA),Mayoral elections in San Antonio and El Paso
13 May-Palestine,Municipal elections
14 May-North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany),State legislative election
14 May-Yerevan (Armenia),Municipal elections
14 May-Nepal,Local elections
14 May-Japan,Mayoral election in Matsudo
16 May-Mississippi (USA),Municipal primary runoff elections
16 May-Pennsylvania (USA),Municipal primary elections
16 May-Oregon (USA),Municipal primary elections
16 May-Idaho (USA),Special elections
16 May-Nebraska (USA),Mayoral election in Omaha
19 May-Iran,Presidential and local elections (L. Jacquemin 27/7/16)
19 May-Croatia,Local elections
21 May-Turkmenistan,Parliamentary and local government elections (L. Jacquemin 4/4/17)
21 May-Switzerland,Referendum on rejection of 2016 energy law
21 May-Japan,Mayoral elections in Yachiyo,Shimada,Tosashimizu and Hidakagawa
24 May-Cayman Islands (UK),Parliament (Cayman Island Government)
27 May-Canada,Conservative Party: Internal leadership election
June-Cote d'Ivoire,Regional and municipal elections
June-Kazakhstan,Indirect election of half of the Senate 
3 June-Lesotho,Parliament (Reuters 13/3/17)
3 June-Latvia,Local elections
3 June-Japan,Mayoral election in Sakaide
4 June-Coahuila and Nayarit States (Mexico),Gubernatorial,local deputees and municipal elections
4 June-Mexico State (Mexico),Gubernatorial election
4 June-Veracruz State (Mexico),Municipal elections
4 June-Cambodia,Local elections
4 June-Alberta (Canada),Liberal Party of Alberta: Internal leadership election
6 June-New Jersey (USA),Gubernatorial,General assembly and Senate primary elections
6 June-Mississippi (USA),Municipal elections
6 June-California (USA),City election in Riverside and Special election for US House Representative #34
8 June-United Kingdom,Parliament
11 June-France,Parliament 1st round (L. Jacquemin 4/5/16)
11 June-Italy,Municipal elections 1st round
11 June-Puerto Rico (USA),Referendum on the political status
13 June-Virginia (USA),Gubernatorial and House of Delegates primary elections
13 June-Nevada (USA),City elections in Henderson,Las Vegas and North Las Vegas
13 June-Maine (USA),Referendum on a State bond issue
13 June-West Virginia (USA),Municipal elections
18 June-France,Parliament 2nd round (L. Jacquemin 4/5/16)
18 June-Albania,Parliament (Sot News 8/11/16)
18 June-Japan,Mayoral election in Yamatokoriyama
20 June-Georgia (USA),Special elections
24 June to 8 July-Papua New Guinea,Parliament (L. Jacquemin 9/2/16)
25 June-Italy,Municipal elections 2nd round
26 June-Mongolia,President
July-Timor Leste,Parliament
July-India,President (by the Parliament)
July-Samoa,President (by the Parliament)
July-Congo Brazzaville,Parliamentary and municipal elections
July-Nagorno Karabakh (Azerbaijan),President (by the Parliament)
2 July-Senegal,Parliament (L. Jacquemin 2/2/16)
2 July-Japan,Metropolitan Assembly election in Tokyo and mayoral election in Kokubunji 
9 July-Japan,Mayoral election in Naha
9 July-South Sudan,President,Parliament and Senate elections and gubernatorial and Local assembly elections in the 10 States
9 July-Costa Rica,PAC Party: Presidential primary elections
18 July-Georgia (USA),Special elections
23 July-Japan,Mayoral election in Kiyosu
26 July-Saint Helena (UK),Parliament
27 July-Kuwait,Local elections
29 July-Gabon,Parliament 
August-Angola,Parliamentary and local elections
August-Angola,President (by the Parliament)
August-India,Indirect Vice-presidential election (by the Parliament and Senate)
August-Jordan,Municipal elections
1 August-Washington State (USA),City primary elections
1 August-Alabama (USA),Municipal election in Dothan
1 August-Kansas (USA),Municipal primary election 
4 August-Rwanda,President (L. Jacquemin 14/12/16)
8 August-Kenya,President,Parliament,Senate and local elections
8 August-Michigan (USA),Municipal primary elections
8 August-Minnesota (USA),Municipal primary elections
8 August-Missouri (USA),Municipal primary elections
9 August-Argentina,Parliamentary primary elections
22 August-Alabama (USA),Municipal elections in Birmingham and Mobile 1st round
29 August-Idaho (USA),Special elections
29 August-Arizona (USA),City election in Phoenix 1st round and city primary election in Tucson
29 August-Florida (USA),City primary election in St Petersburg
29 August-Tennessee (USA),City primary election in Knoxville
September-Aruba (Netherlands),Parliament
September-Kurdistan (Iraq),Local assembly election
September-Catalunya (Spain),Referendum on the independence
3 September-Japan,Mayoral election in Maruyama
10 September-Russia,Parliamentary (Duma) by-election for 1 seat in Leningrad #112,Gubernatorial elections in Kaliningrad,Yaroslav,Kirov,Tomsk,Perm,Mordovia,Sverdlovsk,Belgorod,Novgorod,Ryazan and Saratov,
Presidential elections in the Republics of Karelia,Buryatia,Local parliamentary elections in Adygea Republic, Sevastopol,North Ossetia,Udmurt,Krasnodar,Penza,Saratov and Sakhalin and Local elections
11 September-Norway,Parliament
12 September-Ohio (USA),City primary election in Toledo
12 September-Montana (USA),Municipal primary elections
12 September-Connecticut (USA),Municipal primary elections
12 September-Maryland (USA),Municipal primary elections
12 September-Massachusetts (USA),Municipal primary election in Worcester
12 September-North Carolina (USA),Municipal primary election in Charlotte
16 September-Iraq,Provincial elections (Ekurd.net)
17 September-Macao (China),Legislative council election
19 September-Oregon (USA),Special elections
23 September-New Zealand,Parliament (L. Jacquemin 1/2/17)
24 September-Germany,Parliament
24 September-France,Indirect Senate elections for 1/3 of the members
24 September-Japan,Local elections in Miyazaki Prefecture
26 September-Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada),Municipal elections
26 September-Massachusetts (USA),Municipal primary election in Boston
29 September-Japan,Local election in Hiyasama
October-Burgerland (Austria),Mayoral and municipal elections
October-Lower Austria (Austria),Municipal elections in Krems
October-Sicily (Italy),Regional elections
October-Cuba,Municipal elections
October-Congo Brazzaville,Indirect election of 1/2 of the Senate
October-Nigeria,Gubernatorial elections in Anambra,Ekiti and Osun States
October-Christmas Island (Australia),Parliament
October-Cocos Islands (Australia),Island council election
1 October-San Marino,Indirect election of two Capitani Reggenti (Heads of the State)
from 1 to 29 October-Canada,New Democratic Party: Internal leadership election
1 October-Portugal,Municipal elections 
3 October-New Mexico (USA),City election in Albuquerque
3 October-Alabama (USA),Municipal elections in Birmingham 2nd round
8 October-Luxembourg,Municipal elections
10 October-Liberia,President and Parliament
10 October-Iowa (USA),City primary elections
10 October-North Carolina (USA),City election in Raleigh 1st round
14 October-Louisiana (USA),Municipal primary elections in Orleans Municipal Parochial and judicial primary elections
15 October-Estonia,Municipal elections (Estonia Electoral Commission 8/11/16)
16 October-Alberta (Canada),Municipal elections
17 October-Georgia (USA),Special elections
20-21 October-Czech Republic,Parliament (Czech Republic Electoral Commission)
22 October-Japan,Mayoral elections in Tamano and Tatsuno
23 October-Philippines,Local council elections
29 October-Argentina,Parliamentary (half) and Senate (one third) elections
November-Falkland Islands (UK),Parliament
November-Mauritania,Indirect election of the Senate (elected by municipal councillors)
4 November-Slovakia,Regional elections
5 November-Quebec (Canada),Municipal elections
7 November-United States,Widespread Mayoral elections including New York City,Atlanta,Boston,Buffalo,Minneapolis,San Bernardino,Seattle and Charlotte,
Judicial elections in New York,Mississippi,Pennsylvania and Washington
7 November-Virginia (USA),Gubernatorial and House of Delegates elections
7 November-New Jersey (USA),Gubernatorial,General assembly and Senate elections
7 November-Arizona (USA),City runoff election in Phoenix ans city election in Tucson
7 November-North Carolina (USA),City election in Raleigh 2nd round
7 November-Florida (USA),Primary municipal election in Hialeah
7 November-Northern Marianas (USA),Gubernatorial and Parliamentary elections
10 November-Palau,State elections in Ngaraard and Ngchesar States
11 November-Palau,State election in Koror State
13 November-Somaliland,President (Somaliland Sun) 
18 November-Louisiana (USA),Municipal elections in Orleans Municipal Parochial and Judicial elections
19 November-Chile,President,Parliament and Senate elections (L. Jacquemin 30/1/16)
19 November-Kyrgyzstan,President (L. Jacquemin 16/2/17)
21 November-Florida (USA),City election in Hialeah and city runoff of the 7/11 elections in Miami 
21 November-Denmark,Regional elections
26 November-Honduras,Presidential,Parliamentary and local elections (L. Jacquemin 30/1/16)
26 November-Tunisia,Municipal and regional elections 
December-Switzerland,Indirect Presidential election (by the Parliament)
December-Pitcairn Island (UK),Deputy Mayor and Island Council elections
December-Venezuela,Municipal elections
December-Congo Kinshasa,President and Parliament
December-Bermuda (UK),Assembly election
4 December-Nunavut (Canada),Hamlet elections
4 December-Japan,Mayoral election in Chatan
5 December-Florida (USA),City runoff of the 7/11 election in Orlando
5 December-Iowa (USA),City runoff elections
5 December-Georgia (USA),General and special elections
7 December-Idaho (USA),City runoff of the 7/11 election in Boise

????-Macedonia,Local elections
????-Guinea,Municipal elections
????-Guinea Bissau,Local elections
????-Niger,Local elections
????-Madagascar,Provincial and regional elections
????-Mauritania,Referendum on abolishing the Senate
????-Lesotho,Local government elections
????-Ghana,Referendums on the abolition of the death penalty,on the declaration of war by the President and
on the swearing-in of the President before parliament by the chief Justice
????-Egypt,Local council and municipal elections
????-India,State assembly elections in Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat
????-Sri Lanka,Local government elections
????-Kurdistan (Iraq),Referendum on the independence
????-Kurdistan (Iraq),President
????-Afghanistan,Parliamentary and district council elections
????-Vanuatu,Referendum on Constitutional amendments
????-Fiji,Municipal elections
????-Ontario (Canada),Provincial by-election in Sault Ste. Marie 
????-Venezuela,Parliamentary by-elections for 4 seats in the Amazonas State
????-Venezuela,Gubernatorial and regional council elections 


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