ELECTORAL CALENDAR Electoral Calendar has moved here ! http://www.mherrera.org/elections.html. Please update your bookmarks !



Maximiliano Herrera's Human Rights Site
The Home Page
Electoral Democracies
It ranks all the independent countries in three categories: Electoral Democracy, Pseudo Democracy and Dictatorship according to their electoral system. It also includes a list of the countries without elections.
Freedom in the World
It ranks all the independent countries according to their political freedoms and civil rights.

It also includes the website Freedom in the Territories which shows the same ranking for the related territories and non-independent regions.

World Rank
It contains a list of all independent countries in the world ranked according to
their HDI (Human Development Index) or living standard.
It means incomes, political situation, health system, social situation,etc....

The site also includes a link to World Rank in the Territories which includes the same statistics of living standard in the related non-independent territories.

A World in Trouble
This site shows the perception of the risk of a coup or a new conflict for every independent country. This perception is ranked in: HIGH, MEDIUM, LOW, VERY LOW and NONE.
New Countries
This site shows the possibilities of some territories becoming independent. The statistics includes the short term chances and the long term chances of achieving independence.

It also includes another list which shows the statistics of some independent countries to be annexed into another country in the future.

Military Power Index
The Military power index shows the influence of the military forces in the societies of the independent countries.


Adam Carr's Election Archive It contains a huge database with the results of the past world elections
IFES provides information and links about worldwide elections.
Parties and Elections in Europe This site contains several electoral links.
Electoral Services International (former Code Incorporated) delivers election and registration supplies worldwide and provides customized materials to support secure voting worldwide.
Electoral Management Systems provides consulting services to support Electoral Management Bodies (EMBs) and good governance programs that enhance political processes to improve the electoral cycle.
Lantrade Global Supplies provides professional solutions for all aspects of the electoral process.
The International Observer also contains an electoral calendar and other political news.
Bank Holidays also includes an electoral calendar.
Elections En Europe includes electoral results and information in all European countries at national, regional and local levels. (in French)
ACE Electoral Knowledge Network provides authoritative information on elections, promotes sustained networking among reputable election professionals and offers capacity development services to electoral management institutions and electoral assistance providers.
Electoral Geography provides a map of elections worldwide.


1997   1998   1999   2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009   2010   2011   2012   2013   2014   2015   2016   2018


  • 26 December-Liberia,Presidential runoff election


8 January-Colombia,Mayoral election in Fresno (Tolima)
10 January-Georgia (USA),US House and Senate runoff elections
15 January-Japan,Local elections 
15 January-Portugal,Municipal by-election in A.F. de Galveias
20 January-Lower Austria (Austria),Municipal elections in Waidhofen an der Ybbs
22 January-Japan,Prefectural election in Yamagata and Local elections 
22 January-Tanzania,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Dimani constituency
22 January-Zimbabwe,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Bikita West constituency
22 January-France,Socialist Party: Presidential primary election 1st round
23 January-Tobago (Trinidad and Tobago),Local assembly election
23 January-Tokelau (New Zealand),Island council and mayoral elections 1st stage in Nukunonu
27 January-Tokelau (New Zealand),Island council and mayoral elections 2nd stage in Fakaofo
28 January-Cote d'Ivoire,Parliamentary by-elections in the electoral districts #92 and #126 
29 January-France,Socialist Party: Presidential primary election 2nd round
29 January-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Gifu Prefecture and Local elections in Kitakyushu,Kameyama and Toda
29 January-Haiti,Senate runoff election
30 January-South Australia (Australia),Local council by-election in West Torrens
31 January-Alabama (USA),State House special election in the district #67
31 January-Tokelau (New Zealand),Island council and mayoral elections 3rd stage in Atafu 
1 February-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in Free State ward #12 and in Western Cape wards #11 and #25
1 February-Ontario (Canada),Municipal by-election in Sault Ste. Marie #2
2 February-Virginia (USA),Mayoral election in Fairfax
3 February-India,Indirect Legislative Council by-elections in the States of Uttar Pradesh,Karnataka and Maharashtra (elected by Council from Graduates and Teachers Constituencies)
4 February-India,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in 2-Amritsar constituency
4 February-Goa (India),Legislative assembly election
4 February-Punjab (India),Legislative assembly election
4 February-Czech Republic,Local council by-elections
5 February-Liechtenstein,Parliament 
5 February-Japan,Local elections
7 February-New Mexico (USA),County election in Bernalillo
8 February-Somalia,President (by the Parliament) 
11 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 1st phase
12 February-Japan,Local elections
12 February-Rodrigues Island (Mauritius),Regional assembly election
12 February-Germany,President (by the Parliament)
12 February-Turkmenistan,President 
12 February-Switzerland,Referendums on easing rules for for third-generation immigrants to gain citizenship, on creating a fund for national roads and urban infrastructure
and on overhauling the corporate tax code to attract and retain international firms
12 February-Spain:Podemos Party : Internal leadership election
14 February-Washington State (USA),Special elections
14 February Minnesota (USA),Special elections
14 February-Oklahoma (USA),Special election and City primary election in Oklahoma City
15 February-Indonesia,Gubernatorial elections in the provinces of
Jakarta,Aceh,Bangka Belitung,Baten,Gorontalo,West Sulawesi and West Papua
and municipal elections 1st round
15 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 2nd phase
15 February-Uttarakhand (India),Legislative assembly election
18 February-Sarawak State (Malaysia),State assembly by-election in Tanjung-Datu
19 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 3rd phase
19 February-Ecuador,Presidential 1st round,parliamentary,gubernatorial and municipal elections and Referendum on banning politicians and
civil servants from having bank accounts or companies based in tax havens 
19 February-Canada,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Ottawa–Vanier
19 February-Japan,Local elections
20 February-Nagorno Karabakh (Azerbaijan),Referendum on giving more power to the president and on renaming of Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh as Republic of Artsakh
21 February-Marshall Islands,Constitutional Convention Representatives elections
21 February-Wisconsin (USA),Municipal and judicial primary elections
23 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 4th phase
23 February-United Kingdom,Parliamentary by-elections in Copeland and Stoke-on-Trent Central
24 February-Djibouti,Municipal elections
25 February-New Zealand,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Mount Albert
25 February-Queensland (Australia),Shire council by-election in Banana #6
25 February-Delaware (USA),Special election for State Senate #10
26 February-Japan,Local elections
26 February-Quebec (Canada),Municipal by-election in Farnham #5
27 February-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 5h phase
28 February-Illinois (USA),Municipal primary elections
28 February-Connecticut (USA),Special elections
1 March-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in Eastern Cape ward #16 and in Free State ward #39
2 March-Northern Ireland (UK),Parliament 
2 March-Saskatchewan (Canada),Provincial by-election in Saskatoon Meewasin
4 March-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 6th phase
4 March-Manipur (India),Legislative assembly election 1st phase
5 March-Japan,Local elections
6 March-Connecticut (USA),Municipal primary elections
6 March-Bhutan,Local by-election in Dangchhu Gewog 
6 March-Bangladesh,Local elections in 14 districts and 4 municipalities
7 March-Alabama (USA),Municipal election in Tuscaloosa
7 March-Missouri (USA),Municipal primary elections
7 March-Los Angeles (California,USA),City primary election
7 March-Micronesia,Parliamentary election and Referendum on the dual citizenship
7 March-Chuuk (Micronesia),Gubernatorial election
7 March-Tasmania (Australia),Local government by-election in Central Highlands Council
7 March-South Australia (Australia),Local council by-elections in Streaky Bay #7 and Rocky River #7
8 March-Manipur (India),Legislative assembly election 2nd phase
8 March-Uttar Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly election 7th phase
8 March-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in three districts in the Mpumalanga province
8 March-Jersey (UK Dependendence),Centenier election in St. Martin
9 March-India,Legislative councils by-elections for 5 seats in the State of Andhra Pradesh,for 1 seat in the State of Telangana and for 4 seats in the State of Bihar
10-11 March-Czech Republic,Czech Social Democratic Party:Internal leadership election
11 March-Western Australia (Australia),State elections
12 March-Peru,Municipal elections in 3 municipalities
12 March-Honduras,Presidential primary elections
12 March-Japan,Local elections
12 March-Abkhazia (Georgia),Parliamentary elections 1st round and local elections in Gali district 
14 March-Idaho (USA),Special elections
14 March-Florida (USA),Municipal elections
14 March-Virginia (USA),Special election in Bath county
14 March-Kansas (USA),Referendum on issuing a State bond
14 March-Arizona (USA),District election in Phoenix #3
15 March-Netherlands,Parliament
18 March-Alberta (Canada),Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta: Internal leadership election
19 March-Saint Barthelemy (France),Territorial council election
19 March-Saint Martin (France),Territorial council election
19 March-Saint Pierre et Miquelon (France),Legislative election
19 March-India,Indirect Legislative Council by-elections for 7 seats in the State of Andhra Pradesh and for 3 seats in the State of Telangana (elected by the Members of Legislative Assemblies)
and Council of States by-election for 1 seat in the State of West Bengal
19 March-Japan,Local elections
19 March-Germany,SPD Party: Internal leadership election
20 March-Timor Leste,President 
21 March-Georgia (USA),Special elections 
22 March-Bangladesh,Parliamentary by-election in Galdandha
25 March-Louisiana (USA),Municipal primary election
26 March-Bulgaria,Parliament 
26 March-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Chiba Prefecture and Local elections
26 March-Hong Kong (China),Chief Executive election
26 March-Saarland (Germany),State legislative election
26 March-Abkhazia (Georgia),Parliamentary elections 2nd round
26 March-Wallis and Futuna (France),Territorial Assembly election
26 March-Balochistan (Pakistan),Local assembly by-election in Ziarat
27 March-Jamaica,Parliamentary by-election in Greater Portmore North 
29 March-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in KwaZulu-Natal in Ward 32–Msunduzi and in Ward 71–uPhongolo
1 April-Myanmar,Parliamentary by-elections for 18 seats 
1 April-San Marino,Indirect election of two Capitani Reggenti (Heads of the State)
2 April-Serbia,President 
2 April-Armenia,Parliament 
2 April-Ecuador,Presidential runoff election
2 April-Costa Rica,PLN Party: Presidential primary election
2 April-Japan,Local elections
3 April-Canada,Parliamentary by-elections for 5 seats in Ottawa-Vanier,Calgary Heritage,Calgary Midnapore,Markham-Thornhill and Saint Laurent
4 April-Illinois (USA),Municipal elections
4 April-Missouri (USA),Municipal elections
4 April-Kansas (USA),Special elections and mayoral election in Topeka
4 April-Wisconsin (USA),Municipal and judicial elections
4 April-Alaska (USA),City election in Anchorage
4 April-Colorado (USA),City elections in Colorado Springs
4 April-Nevada (USA),City primary elections in Henderson,Las Vegas and North Las Vegas
4 April-Nebraska (USA),City primary elections in Lincoln and Omaha
4 April-Oklahoma (USA),City election in Oklahoma City
4 April-California (USA),Special primary election for US House of Representative #34th District
4 April-Greenland (Denmark),Local elections
5 April-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in in the provinces of Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Western Cape in a total of 5 wards
6 April-Gambia,Parliament
7 April-Western Australia (Australia),Local government by-election in Dowerin
8 April-New South Wales (Australia),State assembly by-elections in Gosford,Manly and North Shore
9 April-Finland,Municipal elections
9 April-South Ossetia (Georgia),Presidential election 1st round and Referendum on the name of the country
9 April-Japan,Prefectural election in Akita and Local elections
9 April-India,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Jammu and Kashmir 2-Srinagar and State assembly by-elections for 2 seats each in the State assemblies of
Madhya Pradesh and Karmataka and for 1 seat each in the State assemblies of Assam,Himachal Pradesh,West Bengal,Rajastan,NCT of Delhi and Jharkhand
10 April-Nunavut (Canada),Local council by-election in Iqaluit
12 April-India,Parliamentary by-election for 2 seats in Jammu and Kashmir 3-Anantnag and Kerala 6-Malappuram and State assembly by-elections for 1 seat each in the State assemblies of Tamil Nadu and Sikkim
12 April-Uganda,Parliamentary by-election in Kamuli
16 April-Japan,Prefectural Assembly election in Mie and Local elections
16 April-Turkey,Referendum on introducing the presidential system 
17 April-Jammu and Kashmir (India),Indirect Legislative council elections for 6 seats (by the members of the Legislative Assembly)
18 April-United States,House of Representative special primary election for Georgia #6th congressional district
18 April-Punjab (Pakistan),Local assembly by-election in Chakwal
18 April-Bhutan,Local elections in 61 municipalities
19 April-Indonesia,Gubernatorial and municipal elections 2nd round
19-20 April-Albania,President (by the Parliament) 1st and 2nd attempts-failed
21 April-Kenya,Jubilee Party: Presidential primary election
22 April-Quebec (Canada),Bloc Quebecois: Internal leadership election
23 April-France,President 1st round 
23 April-Japan,Local elections
25 April-Washington State (USA),Special elections
26 April-South Africa,Municipal by-election in the Northern Cape ward #2
27 March-Barbuda (Antigua and Barbuda),Local council elections for 5 seats and local council by-election for 1 seat
27-28 April-Albania,President (by the Parliament) 3rd-4th attempts
28 April-Curacao (Netherlands),Assembly election
29 April-Louisiana (USA),Municipal elections
30 April-Japan,Local elections 
30 April-Hong Kong (China),Rural Representative by-election
30 April-Italy:PD Party: Internal leadership election
1 May-Prince Edward Island (Canada),Municipal by-election in Stratford #2
2 May-Graz (Austria),Municipal and district council elections
2 May-Mississippi (USA),Municipal primary elections 1st round
2 May-Montana (USA),Special elections
2 May-Nebraska (USA),City election in Lincoln
2 May-Ohio (USA),City primary elections
2 May-St. Petersburg (Florida),Local Referendum
3 May-Galmudug (Somalia),President (by the Parliament)
4 May-United Kingdom,Local council elections in England,Wales and Scotland and English Regional Mayors elections
4 May-Algeria,Parliamentary and local elections
6 May-Maldives,Local council elections
6 May-Niue (New Zealand),Parliament 
6 May-Tasmania (Australia),Legislative council elections in the divisions of Launceston,Murchison and Rumney
6 May-Texas (USA),Local elections 
7 May-France,President 2nd round 
7 May-Schleswig-Holstein (Germany),State legislative election
8 May-South Australia (Australia),Local council by-election in Salisbury
9 May-South Korea,President
9 May-British Columbia (Canada),Provincial election
9 May-Nebraska (USA),City election in Omaha
9 May-New Jersey (USA),Mayoral election in Jersey City
10 May-Bahamas,Parliament 
13 May-Texas (USA),Mayoral elections in San Antonio and El Paso 1st round
13 May-West Bank (Palestine),Municipal elections in 145 councils
14 May-North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany),State legislative election
14 May-Yerevan (Armenia),Municipal elections
14 May-Nepal,Local elections 1st phase
14 May-Japan,Prefectural assembly elections in Wakayama and Gunma and Local elections 
14 May-Italy,Northern League Party: Indirect leadership election
16 May-Mississippi (USA),Municipal primary runoff elections
16 May-Pennsylvania (USA),Municipal primary elections
16 May-Oregon (USA),Municipal primary elections
16 May-Idaho (USA),Special elections
16 May-Nebraska (USA),Mayoral election in Omaha
19 May-Iran,Presidential and local elections 
19 May-Croatia,Local elections
20 May-Czech Republic,Local council by-elections
21 May-Turkmenistan,Parliamentary and local government elections 
21 May-Switzerland,Referendum on rejection of 2016 energy law
21 May-Japan,Local elections 
21 May-Turkey,AKP Party: Internal leadership election
21 May-Spain,PSOE Party: Premiership primary elections
24 May-Cayman Islands (UK),Parliament 
24 May-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in Nquthu and Beaufort West
25 May-India,Council of States by-elections for 1 seat each in the States of Manipur and Odisha
27 May-Canada,Conservative Party: Internal leadership election
28 May-Japan,Prefectural assembly election in Oita and Local elections 
29 May-Quebec (Canada),Provincial by-election in Gouin
30 May-Nova Scotia (Canada),Provincial elections
1 June-Ontario (Canada),Provincial by-election in Sault Ste. Marie 
3 June-Malta,Parliament 
3 June-Lesotho,Parliament 
3 June-Latvia,Local elections
4 June-Japan,Japan,Local elections 
4 June-Coahuila and Nayarit States (Mexico),Gubernatorial,local deputees and municipal elections
4 June-Mexico State (Mexico),Gubernatorial election
4 June-Veracruz State (Mexico),Municipal elections
4 June-Cambodia,Local elections
4 June-Alberta (Canada),Liberal Party of Alberta: Internal leadership election
6 June-New Jersey (USA),Gubernatorial,General assembly and Senate primary elections
6 June-Mississippi (USA),Municipal elections
6 June-California (USA),City election in Riverside and Special election for US House Representative #34
8 June-United Kingdom,Parliament
8 June-India,Council of States elections in the States of Goa,Gujarat and West Bengal for a total of 10 seats
10 June-Texas (USA),Mayoral elections in San Antonio and El Paso 2nd round
11 June-France,Parliament 1st round 
11 June-Kosovo,Parliament 
11 June-Italy,Municipal elections 1st round
11 June-Puerto Rico (USA),Referendum on the political status
11 June-Japan,Local elections 
13 June-Virginia (USA),Gubernatorial and House of Delegates primary elections
13 June-Nevada (USA),City elections in Henderson,Las Vegas and North Las Vegas
13 June-Maine (USA),Referendum on a State bond issue
13 June-West Virginia (USA),Municipal elections
13 June-Manitoba (Canada),Provincial election in Point Douglas
14 June-South Africa,Municipal by-elections for a total of 3 wards in the provinces of Eastern Cape, Mpumalanga and Northern Cape 
14 June-Nepal,Local elections 2nd phase
18 June-France,Parliament 2nd round 
18 June-Japan,Japan,Local elections 
20 June-United States,House of Representative special elections for Georgia #6th congressional district and for South Carolina 5th congressional district
25 June-Albania,Parliament 
25 June-Italy,Municipal elections 2nd round
24 June to 8 July-Papua New Guinea,Parliament 
25 June-Japan,Gubernatorial election in Shizuoka,preferctural by-elections in 2 seats and local elections
26 June-Mongolia,President 1st round
28 June-Kazakhstan,Indirect election of half of the Senate 
28 June-South Africa,Municipal by-elections for a total of 3 wards in the provinces of KwaZulu-Natal,Mpumalanga and the North West
29 June-Uganda,Parliamentary by-election in Kyadondo East
1 to 8 July (postal vote)-Australian Capital Territory (Australia),Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Body election
2 July-Japan,Metropolitan Assembly election in Tokyo,Gubernatorial election in Hyogo,Prefectural by-elections in Tatsuno and Ibo and mayoral elections 
3 July-Vanuatu,President (by the Parliament) 1st round
5 July-Samoa,President (by the Parliament)
5 July-Dominica,Village council election in Loubiere/Madrelle/Fond Baron
5-6 July-Vanuatu,President (by the Parliament) 2nd,3rd and 4th rounds
9 July-Mongolia,President 2nd round
9 July-Japan,Mayoral elections 
9 July-Costa Rica,PAC Party: Presidential primary elections
9 July-Pakistan,Senate by-election for 1 seat in Karachi-114
9 July-Nigeria,Senatorial by-election in Osun West
16 July-Pakistan,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in 260-Quetta-cum-Chaghi
16 July-Congo Brazzaville,Parliamentary and municipal elections 1st round
16 July-Venezuela,Referendums on accepting the Constitutional assembly,on the army intervention in defensce of the Constitution and on calling early presidential elections 
(organized by the opposition and not recognized by the government)
16 July-Costa Rica,Libertarian Party: Internal leadership election
16 July-Japan,Mayoral election in Kawanishi
16 July-Zimbabwe,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Chiwundura
17 July-India,Indirect Presidential election (by the Parliament)
18 July-Bermuda (UK),Assembly election 
18 July-Georgia (USA),Special elections
19 July-Nagorno Karabakh (Azerbaijan),President (by the Parliament)
21 July-Goa (India),Council of States election for 1 seat
22 July-East Timor,Parliament 
23 July-Japan,Local elections 
26 July-Saint Helena (UK),Parliament
27 July-Kuwait,Local elections
29 July-India,State legislative by-elections for 1 seat in Nagaland State 10-Northern Angami constituency
30 July-Senegal,Parliament (L. Jacquemin 23/6/17)
30 July-Congo Brazzaville,Parliamentary and municipal elections 2nd round
30 July-Venezuela,Indirect elections of a Constituent Assembly 
30 July-Japan,Local elections 
1 August-Washington State (USA),City primary elections
1 August-Alabama (USA),Municipal election in Dothan
1 August-Kansas (USA),Municipal primary election 
2 August-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in the provinces of KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, North West and Western Cape in a total of 5 wards
4 August-Rwanda,President 
5 August-India,Indirect Vice Presidential election (by the Parliament)
5 August-Mauritania,Referendum on abolishing the Senate 
6 August-Japan,Prefectural Assembly election in Hyogo and local elections
6 August-Brazil,Gubernatorial election in the state of Amazonas 1st round
8 August-Kenya,President,Parliament,Senate and local elections
8 August-Michigan (USA),Municipal primary elections
8 August-Minnesota (USA),Municipal primary elections
8 August-Missouri (USA),Municipal primary elections
8 August-India,Council of States elections for 3 seats in Gujarat and for 6 seats in West Bengal and by-election for 1 seat in Madhya Pradesh 
9 August-Argentina,Parliamentary primary elections
15 August-Jordan,Gubernatorial and municipal elections 
15 August-United States,US Senate special primary election for 1 seat in Alabama 1st round
18 August-Bhutan,Village electon in Langthil Chiwog
19 August-Czech Republic,Local council by-elections
20 August-Japan,Mayoral election in Aki
22 August-Alabama (USA),Municipal elections in Birmingham and Mobile 1st round
23 August-Angola,Parliamentary and local elections
23 August-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in 2 municipalities of Gauteng and in 1 municipality each in the provinces of Eastern Cape, Free State and Western Cape
24 August-Japan,Mayoral election in Koshimizu
26 August-Angola,Delayed parliamentary elections in the Moxico,Lunda Norte and Benguela provinces
27 August-Ibaraki (Japan),Gubernatorial election and local elections
27 August-Brazil,Gubernatorial election in the state of Amazonas 2nd round
29 August-Idaho (USA),Special elections
29 August-Arizona (USA),City election in Phoenix 1st round and city primary election in Tucson
29 August-Florida (USA),City primary election in St Petersburg
29 August-Tennessee (USA),City primary election in Knoxville
31 August-Karnataka (India),Indirect Legislative council by-election for 1 seat (by the members of the Legislative assembly)
31 August-Congo Brazzaville,Indirect election of 1/2 of the Senate
31 August-Uganda,Parliamentary by-election in Kalungu
3 September-Japan,Mayoral elections 
4 September-Dominica,Village council election in Bagatelle
5 September-Japan,Mayoral election in Shimukappu
6 September-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in Eastern Cape ward #2 and in Northern Cape ward #1
9 September-Japan,Mayoral election in Yamato
9 September-New South Wales (Australia),Local council elections for 19 new formed councils
10 September-Russia,Parliamentary (Duma) by-election for 1 seat in Leningrad #112,Gubernatorial elections in Kaliningrad,Yaroslav,Kirov,Tomsk,Perm,Mordovia,Sverdlovsk,Belgorod,Novgorod,Ryazan and Saratov,
Presidential elections in the Republics of Karelia,Buryatia,Local parliamentary elections in Adygea Republic, Sevastopol,North Ossetia,Udmurt,Krasnodar,Penza,Saratov and Sakhalin,Municipal by-elections in Kingisepp and Bryansk and Local elections
10 September-Japan,Local elections 
11 September-Norway,Parliament
12 September-Japan,Mayoral elections in Ozu,Shirakawa and Iheya
12 September-Ohio (USA),City primary election in Toledo
12 September-Montana (USA),Municipal primary elections
12 September-Connecticut (USA),Municipal primary elections
12 September-Maryland (USA),Municipal primary elections
12 September-Massachusetts (USA),Municipal primary election in Worcester
12 September-North Carolina (USA),Municipal primary election in Charlotte
12 September-Dominica,Local wards by-elections in Portsmouth 
14 September-Zambia,Local council by-elections in 4 municipalities
15 September-Uttar Pradesh (India),Indirect Legislative council elections for 4 seats (elected by the Legislative Assembly)
16 September-Hirshabelle Region (Somalia),President (by the Parliament)
17 September-Macao (China),Legislative council election
17 September-Japan,Local elections 
17 September-Pakistan,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Lahore-120
18 September-Nepal,Local elections 3rd phase
18 September-Uttar Pradesh (India),Indirect Legislative council elections for 1 seat (elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly)
20 September-Switzerland,Indirect Federal council by-election for 1 seat (by the Federal Assembly)
20 September-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in the provinces of Gauteng,Nothern Cape and Western Cape
20 September-Japan,Mayoral election in Tokai
22 September-Japan,Mayoral election in Honjo
22 September-Aruba (Netherlands),Parliament
22 September-Syria,Local commune elections in Northern Syria (not recognized by the central government)
23 September-New Zealand,Parliament 
24 September-Germany,Parliament
24 September-France,Indirect Senate elections for 1/3 of the members
24 September-Switzerland,Referendums on on food security,on the supplementary financing of the AHV by an increase in value added tax
and on the reform of old-age provision in 2020 
24 September-Moldova,Referendums on the return of the billion theft,on the dissolution of the parliament, on the reduction of the number of parliamentarians
and on the restoration of the History of Moldova school subject
24 September-Japan,Local elections 
25 September-Kurdistan (Iraq),Referendum on the independence
26 September-United States,US Senate special primary election for 1 seat in Alabama 2nd round
26 September-Newfoundland and Labrador (Canada),Municipal elections
26 September-Massachusetts (USA),Municipal primary election in Boston
27 September-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in KwaZulu Natal province-ward #3,in Mpumalanga province-ward #10 and in Nothern Cape province ward #4
29 September-Japan,Local election in Hiyasama
30 September-Japan,Local elections in Aogajima
30 September-Lesotho,Local government elections
from October 2017 to March 2018-China,STaggered parliamentary elections
1 October-San Marino,Indirect election of two Capitani Reggenti (Heads of the State)
1 October-Catalunya (Spain),Referendum on the independence (not recognized by the Spanish govt.)
1 October-Burgerland (Austria),Mayoral and municipal elections
from 1 to 29 October-Canada,New Democratic Party: Internal leadership election
1 October-Portugal,Municipal elections
1 October-Japan,Local elections 
2 October-Quebec (Canada),Provincial by-election in Louis-Hebert 
3 October-New Mexico (USA),City election in Albuquerque
3 October-Alabama (USA),Municipal elections in Birmingham 2nd round
4 October-Dominica,Village elections in Dublanc/Bioche Village
8 October-Luxembourg,Municipal elections
8 October-Japan,Local elections in Mayikano,Okayama,Niseko and Musashino
8 October-Brazil,Referendums in 1,000 municipalities across the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina and Parana regarding forming a new country (not recognized by the central government)
10 October-Japan,Mayoral election in Samani
10 October-Liberia,President 1st round and Parliament
10 October-Iowa (USA),City primary elections
10 October-North Carolina (USA),City election in Raleigh 1st round
11 October-India,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Punjab 1-Gurdaspur and State assembly by-election for 1 seat in Kerala 41-Vengara
12 October-Japan,Mayoral election in Imabari
14 October-Louisiana (USA),Municipal primary elections in Orleans Municipal Parochial and judicial primary elections
14 October-Japan,Mayoral elecion in Takahara
15 October-Japan,Local elections 
15 October-Kyrgyzstan,President 
15 October-Austria,Parliament 
15 October-Lower Austria (Austria),Municipal elections in Krems 
15 October-Tyrol (Austria),Referendum on the 2026 Olympic Games in Innsbruck
15 October-Loxer Saxony (Germany),State elections
15 October-Estonia,Municipal elections 
15 October-Venezuela,Gubernatorial elections
15 October-Macedonia,Local elections
16 October-Alberta (Canada),Municipal elections
17 October-Georgia (USA),Special elections
17 October-Malawi,Parliamentary by-elections in Lilongwe City South,Lilongwe Msozi North and Nsanje Lalanje Constituencies and local government elections in 
Msiliza,Mayani North and Ndirande Makata Wards 
from 18 October-China,Communist Party: Internal elections
20-21 October-Czech Republic,Parliament 
21 October-Georgia,Local elections
21 October-Christmas Island (Australia),Parliament
21 October-Cocos Islands (Australia),Island council election
22 October-Argentina,Parliamentary (half) and Senate (one third) elections
22 October-Slovenia,President 1st round 
22 October-Kosovo,Local elections 1st round
22 October-Lombardy and Veneto Regions (Italy),Referendum on greater autonomy
22 October-Japan,Parliamentary elections,Gubernatorial election in Miyagi and mayoral elections in Tamano and Tatsuno
22 October-Bolivia,Judicial elections
22 October-Cuba,Municipal elections 
23 October-Canada,Parliamentary by-elections in Lac-Saint-Jean and Sturgeon River-Parkland
26 October-Kenya,Rerun of the presidential election due to irregularities
27 October-Japan,Mayoral election in Sagawa
28 October-Iceland,Parliament 
29 October-Japan,Local elections 
29 October-Mali,Municipal by-elections
30 October-Jamaica,Parliamentary by-elections in 3 constituencies
30 October-Japan,Mayoral election in Izen
31 October-Japan,Local elections in Higashi,Oguchi and Izumisaki
1 November-South Africa,Municipal by-election for 1 seat in Elundini ward #12
2 November-South Africa,Municipal by-election for 1 seat in Buffalo City ward #27
3 November-Syria,Local council elections in Northern Syria (not recognized by the central government)
4 November-Slovakia,Regional elections
4 November-Czech Republic,Local council by-elections
4 November-Japan,Mayoral election in Tsurugashima
4 November-Tasmania (Australia),State lesgislative by-election in Pembroke
5 November-Nicaragua,Municipal elections
5 November-Japan,Local elections 
5 November-Quebec (Canada),Municipal elections
5 November-Italy,Regional elections in Sicily and 1st round of the municipal election in Ostia
7 November-United States,Widespread Mayoral elections including New York City,Atlanta,Boston,Buffalo,Minneapolis,San Bernardino,Seattle and Charlotte,
Judicial elections in New York,Mississippi,Pennsylvania and Washington and mayoral runoff elections in Durham, Fayetteville and Raleigh
7 November-Utah (USA),Congressional special electionsfor the House district #3
7 November-Virginia (USA),Gubernatorial and House of Delegates elections
7 November-New Jersey (USA),Gubernatorial,General assembly and Senate elections
7 November-Arizona (USA),City runoff election in Phoenix ans city election in Tucson
7 November-North Carolina (USA),City election in Raleigh 2nd round
7 November-New York State (USA),Constitutional Convention Referendum 
7 November-Florida (USA),Primary municipal election in Hialeah
7 November-Northern Marianas (USA),Gubernatorial and Parliamentary elections
8 November-Pitcairn Island (UK),Deputy Mayor and Island Council elections 
9 November-Falkland Islands (UK),Parliament
9 November-Himachal Pradesh (India),Legislative assembly elections 
9 November-Madhya Pradesh (India),State legislative assembly by-election for 1 seat in 61-Chitrakoot
9 November-Japan,Mayoral elections in Kara and Tatsuto
10 November-Palau,State elections in Ngaraard and Ngchesar States
11 November-Palau,State election in Koror State
12 November-Slovenia,President 2nd round 
12 November-Equatorial Guinea,Parliamentary,Senate and municipal elections 
12 November-Japan,Local elections and gubernatorial election in Hiroshima
13 November-Somaliland,President 
14 November-Japan,Mayoral election in Mikado and Yubetsu
14 November-New Mexico (USA),Mayoral runoff election
15 November-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in Gauteng province ward #59 and in Western Cape province ward #93
16 November-Tonga,Parliament 
16 November-Rajastan (India),Council of States by-election for 1 seat
16 November-Bhutan,Village and local governments by-elections 
17 November-Japan,Mayoral elections in Shimoshi and Ichido
18 November-Japan,Mayoral election in Kure
18 November-Louisiana (USA),Municipal elections in Orleans Municipal Parochial and Judicial elections
18 November-Anambra (Nigeria),Gubernatorial election
18 November-Namibia,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Eengodhi
18 November-Victoria (Australia),State legislative by-election in Northcote
19 November-Chile,President,Parliament,Senate and regional elections 
19 November-Italy,Municipal runoff election in Ostia
19 November-Kosovo,Local elections 2nd round
19 November-Japan,Local elections 
21 November-Japan,Mayoral election in Ichigai
21 November-Florida (USA),City election in Hialeah and city runoff of the 7/11 elections in Miami 
21 November-Denmark,Regional elections
24 November-Japan,Mayoral election in Rishiri Fuji
25 November-Japan,Mayoral election in Eni
25 November-Queensland (Australia),State election
26 November-Honduras,Presidential,Parliamentary and local elections 
26 November-Nepal,Parliamentary 1st phase and Local assembly elections 
26 November-Mali,Regional elections
26 November-Japan,Local elections
26 November-Tanzania,Municipal by-elections in 43 wards
27 November-Switzerland,Indirect election of the Presidents of the National Council and Council of States
29 November-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in Eastern Cape,Free State,KwaZulu-Natal and the Western Cape in a total of 24 wards
29 November-Japan,Mayoral elections in Mamorikawa and Sansei
30 November-Japan,Mayoral elections in Amami and Toshima
2 December-Australia,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in New England
2 December-Japan,Mayoral elections in Chikugo,Hojo and Sarufutsu
3 December-Japan,Mayoral elections in Yanai,Matsuzaki,Yusuhara and Mishima
3 December-Corsica (France),Territorial assembly election 1st round
4 December-Japan,Mayoral election in Mayuta
4 December-Nunavut (Canada),Hamlet elections
5 December-Japan,Mayoral election in Kamisu
5 December-Florida (USA),City runoff of the 7/11 election in Orlando
5 December-Iowa (USA),City runoff elections
5 December-Georgia (USA),General and special elections
6 December-Switzerland,Indirect Presidential election (by the Parliament)
6 December-South Africa,Municipal by-election in KwaZulu-Natal #18,Limpopo #14 and Northern Cape #2
6 December-Japan,Mayoral elections in Sakurai and Iwami
7 December-Japan,Mayoral elections in Fukushima and Tsurumi
7 December-Idaho (USA),City runoff of the 7/11 election in Boise
7 December-Nepal,Parliament 2nd phase
7 December-Maharashtra (India),Indirect legislative council by-election (by the members of the Legislative assembly) 
8 December-Japan,Mayoral election in Irono
9 December-Gujarat (India),Legislative assembly elections 1st phase
9 December-Japan,Mayoral elections in Yuzawa
10 December-Corsica (France),Territorial assembly election 2nd round
10 December-Venezuela,Municipal elections and rerun of the gubernatorial election in Zulia State 
10 December-Hong Kong (China),Rural representative by-election
11 December-Canada,Parliamentary by-elections in Bonavista-Burin-Trinity,Scarborough-Agincourt,Battlefords-Lloydminster and South Surrey-White Rock
12 December-United States,US Senate special election for 1 seat in Alabama 
13 December-South Africa,Municipal by-elections in 3 districts of Eastern Cape
14 December-Gujarat (India),Legislative assembly elections 2nd phase
16-20 December-South Africa,ANC Party: Internal leadership election
16 December-Australia,Parliamentary by-election for 1 seat in Bennelong
17 December-Tunisia,Municipal and regional elections 
18 December-Japan,Mayoral election in Kenbuchi
20 December-Japan,Mayoral elections in Jinjiang,Osaki and Minami
21 December-Catalonia (Spain),Parliament
21 December-India,State legislative assemblies by-elections in Tamil Nadu #11,Uttar Pradesh #207,West Bengal #226 and Arunachal Pradesh #12 and #28
23 December-Japan,Mayoral elections in Urakawan,Sekikawa and Hirakami
24 December-Japan,Local elections
26 December-Liberia,Presidential runoff election


12-13 January-Czech Republic,President 1st round (Andre Labrie 23/8/17)
19 January-Syria,Regional assembly elections in Northern Syria (not recognized by the Central government)
26-27 January-Czech Republic,President 2nd round
28 January-Finland,President 1st round (L. Jacquemin 28/1/17)
28 January-Cyprus,President 1st round (L. Jacquemin 22/10/17)
February-Nevis (St Kitts and Nevis),Local assembly election
February-Trinidad and Tobago,President (by the Parliament)
4 February-Costa Rica,President and Parliament
4 February-Cyprus,Presidential runoff election
4 February-Guinea,Municipal elections
11 February-Finland,President 2nd round (L. Jacquemin 28/1/17)
11 February-Monaco,Parliament
24 February-Cuba,President (by the Parliament) (Granma 28/11/17)
25 February-Cyprus,President 2nd round
25 February-Cambodia,Senate elections (L. Jacquemin 29/10/17)
25 February-Austria,State elections in Tyrol
March-Belarus,Municipal elections
March-Kosrae (Micronesia),State election
March-Airai (Palau),State election
March-Nicaragua,Regional election in the Costa Atlantica Region
from October 2017 to March 2018-China,Staggered parliamentary elections
4 March-El Salvador,Parliamentary and municipal elections
4 March-Austria,State elections in Carinthia and Lower Austria
5 March-Pakistan,Senate
7 March-Sierra Leone,Presidential,Parliamentary and municipal elections
11 March-Colombia,Parliamentary,Senate and local elections
13 March-United States,US Congressional special election for Pennsylvenia congressional district #18
17 March-South Australia,State election
18 March-Russia,President (L. Jacquemin 13/4/17)
21 March-Netherlands,Municipal elections and Referendum on the Intelligence and Security Services Act 2017 
April-Montenegro,Presidential and local elections
April-Bhutan,National Council (Senate) election
April-Bangladesh,President (by the Parlament)
April-Cameroon,Indirect Senate elections (elected by the members of the municipal councils)
April-Czech Republic,CSSD Party: Internal leadership election
1 April-San Marino,Elections of two Capitani Reggenti (Chiefs of the State)
12 April-Gambia,Municipal elections
15 April-Guatemala,Referendum on submitting territorial, insular and maritime dispute to the International Court of Justice
22 April-Paraguay,Presidential,Parliamentary,Senate and local elections (L. Jacquemin 25/2/17)
22 April-Salzburg (Austria),State election
25 April-Faroe Islands (Denmark),Referendum on self-determination
May-Italy,Parliamentary and local elections
May-Malaysia,Parliamentary and State assembly elections
May-Pakistan,Parliamentary election and and provincial elections in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh
May-Madagascar,President and Parliament
May-Equatorial Guinea,Parliamentary,Senate and local elections
May-Bhutan,National Assembly (Parliament) election
May-French Polynesia (France),Parliament
May-Greece,Local elections
May-Philippines,Local elections
May-Muslim Mindanao (Philippines),Local governments and regional elections
May-Bermuda (UK),Municipal elections in Hamilton and St.George
May-Jersey (UK dependence),General election
May-Nunatsiavut (Canada),Local assembly election
3 May-England (UK),Local elections
6 May-Schleswig-Holstein (Germany),Municipal elections
15 May-Iraq,Parliament
26 May-Iceland,Municipal elections
27 May-Colombia,President
June-Malta,Parliamentary and local elections
June-Cote d'Ivoire,Regional and municipal elections
June-South Korea,Municipal elections 
June-Northern Cyprus,Local elections
7 June-Ontario (Canada),Provincial elections
July-South Sudan,President,Parliament and Senate elections and gubernatorial and Local assembly elections in the 10 States
July-Zimbabwe,Presidential,Parliamentary and Senate elections
July-Northern Cyprus,Parliament
July-Cook Islands (New Zealand),Parliament 
July-Pakistan,Indirect Presidential election
July-Iraq,President (by the Parliament)
July-Papua New Guinea,Local government and councillors elections
1 July-Mexico,President,Parliament,Senate elections,Gubernatorial elections in Jalisco,Mexico DF,Puebla,Morelos,Chiapas,Tabasco and Yucatan,
Local deputees and municipal elections
7 July-Afghanistan,Parliamentary and district council elections (L. Jacquemin 27/6/17)
29 July-Cambodia,Parliament
August-Ngiwal (Palau),State elections
August-Ngarchelong (Palau),State elections
September-Cameroon,Parliamentary,Senate and local elections
September-Russia,Local elections
September-Germany,State election in Hesse and State and district elections in Bavaria
September-Kazakhstan,Local elections
9 September-Sweden,Parliamentary and local elections
October-Czech Republic,Local council elections and Election for 1/3 of the Senate
October-Dominica,President (by the Parliament)
October-Israel,Local elections
October-Slovenia,Municipal elections
October-Hungary,Municipal elections
October-Sao Tome and Principe,Municipal elections 
October-Principe (Sao Tome and Principe),Regional elections
1 October-San Marino,Elections of two Capitani Reggenti (Chiefs of the State)
7 October-Latvia,Parliament (L. Jacquemin 27/8/17)
7 October-Peru,Regional and municipal elections
7 October-Brazil,Presidential and gubernatorial 1st round and Parliamentary elections
10 October-Somaliland,Parliamentary,Senate and municipal elections
14 October-Luxembourg,Parliament (L. Jacquemin 9/10/17)
14 October-Belgium,Municipal elections
17 October-Azerbaijan,President
22 October-Ontario (Canada),Municipal elections
28 October-Brazil,Presidential and gubernatorial runoff elecion
28 October-Venezuela,President
28 October-Bosnia and Herzegovina, Presidential Council and Parliamentary elections
November-Mauritania,Parliamentary and local elections
November-Greenland (Denmark),Parliament
November-Slovakia,Municipal elections
November-Poland,Local elections
November-Alderney (Guernsey,UK),General elections
November-Angaur (Palau),State elections
November-Pohnpei (Micronesia),Gubernatorial election
November-Mozambique,Municipal elections
November-Gabon,Local elections
November-Taiwan,Municipal elections
6 November-United States,Elections of 1/2 of the House of Representative,1/3 of the Senate,gubernatorial elections in 37 states (excluding Delaware, Idaho, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri,
Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Virginia, Washington and West Virginia) and local council and municipal elections
6 November-Northern Marianas (USA),Gubernatorial and US House elections
6 November-US Virgin Islands (USA),Gubernatorial and US House elections
6 November-American Samoa (United States),Gubernatorial,US House and Senate elections 
6 November-Guam (United States),Gubernatorial and US House elections 
6 November-Puerto Rico (United States),US House elections
24 November-Victoria (Australia),State elections
December-Switzerland,President (by the Parliament)
December-Sark (Guernsey,UK),General elections
December-Ngatpang (Palau),State election
December-Algeria,Indirect Council of Nation (Senate) election
23 December-Congo Kinshasa,President and Parliament

????-Sprska Republic (Bosnia and Herzegovina),Referendum on the independence
????-Sierra Leone,Referendum on the abortion law
????-Togo,Municipal elections
????-Togo,Referendum on presidential term limits
????-Egypt,Local council and municipal elections
????-Guinea Bissau,Local elections
????-Niger,Local elections
????-Nigeria,Gubernatorial elections in Ekiti and Osun States
????-Chad,Parliamentary and regional elections
????-Ghana,Referendums on the abolition of the death penalty,on the declaration of war by the President and
on the swearing-in of the President before parliament by the chief Justice
????-Congo Kinshasa,Gubernatorial elections
????-Congo Kinshasa,Indirect Senate elections (by the Provincial Assemblies)
????-Lesotho,Local government elections
????-Madagascar,Provincial and regional elections
????-Blue Nile,Abyei and Nuba Mountains (Sudan),Referendum on joining South Sudan
????-Puntland (Somalia),Local council elections 
????-Libya,Referendum on the Constitution
????-Libya,Presidential,parliamentary and local elections
????-Yemen,Referendum on the new Constitution
????-Yemen,President and Parliament
????-Iraq,Provincial elections
????-Kurdistan (Iraq),President and Parliament
????-Kirkuk (Iraq),Referendum on whether the Kurdish regions within Iraqi governorates
of Diyala, Kirkuk and Ninawa will become part of the Iraqi Kurdistan region
????-Palestine,President and Parliament
????-South Ossetia (Georgia),Referendum on becoming part of Russia
????-Bangkok (Thailand),Gubernatorial election
????-Sri Lanka,Local government elections
????-Belize,Referendum on submitting territorial, insular and maritime dispute to the International Court of Justice 
????-New Caledonia (France),Referendum on the independence
????-Fiji,Municipal elections
????-Chuuk (Micronesia),Referendum on the independence 


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