Extreme temperatures around the world The most reliable and updated collection of extreme temperatures on the WEB!


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National and Continental Extreme Temperatures includes the national extreme temperatures with dates and sources. By Maximiliano Herrera

Monthly Temperatures Records includes the world and continental extreme temperatures month by month. By Maximiliano Herrera

Countries without frost includes a list of the countries where frost has never been recorded. By Maximiliano Herrera

Snowfalls by country includes a detailed list by country of the most rare snowfalls and the countries where snow has never been recorded. By Maximiliano Herrera



RECORDS REGISTERED BETWEEN 2002 AND 2013 -CLICK HERE



Latest Records registered during 2014:


Note: Celsius degrees are used. Click here to open the 
Celsius-Fahrenheit degrees Converter

                    MIN  MAX 

AFGHANISTAN
Kabul             -25.5  40
Kandahar          -12.1  46.5
Jalalabad          -7.8  48.8*   * dubious,likely taken with not proper instruments
Mazar al Sharif     -24  48.1
Ghazni            -33.5  37
Zaranj            -13.2  49.6*   * a dubious 51.0C was likely taken with not proper instruments
Farah             -11.9  49.8
Shahrak           -52.2
ALBANIA
Tirana            -10.4  42.2
Durres               -6  39.5
Shkoder             -13  41.5
Elbasan            -7.5  42.2
Cerrik             -9.4  43.2
Kucova                   43.9
Kallmet                  45.3*   * unofficial, questioned
Kukes               -22  42.5
Sheqeras          -26.8
Moscopole         -27.5*         * unofficial, dubious
ALGERIA
Algiers Airport      -4  47.5
Oran                 -3  45.8
In Salah           -3.3  50.6
Adrar              -4.5  49.8
Ouargla            -6.7  49.7
Biskra             -2.4  49.4
Batna               -20  43.8
Constantine        -8.8  45.5
Tamanrasset          -7  41.6
ANDORRA
Andorra La Vella    -16  38.5*   * dubious
Hidroelectrica      -16  36
Engolaster Lake     -21  33
Ransol              -23  36
Grau Roig         -27.3
Port d'Envalira     -34*         * unofficial, dubious
ANGOLA
Luanda               12  36.7
Bie (Silva Porto)    -5* 31.7*   * suspicious, likely taken under not proper conditions
Mavinga            -3.9
Namibe                3  40.3
Cabinda              12  34.4
ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA
Saint John's       15.6  33.8
Bird Airport         16  34.9     
Codrington (Barbuda)17.2 35*     * suspicious 
ARGENTINA
Buenos Aires Obser.-5.4* 43.3    * -6.4C was also recorded in June 1830
Ezeiza Airport     -7.8  44.3
Cordoba           -10.3  45      * a 45.6C in 1917 was likely taken with not proper instruments
Bahia Blanca      -11.8  43.8
Mar del Plata      -9.3  41.6
Mendoza            -9.2  44.4
Rosario           -11.1  42.4*   * an old record of 43.9C was likely taken with not proper instruments
Santiago del Estero -10  46.5*   * a temperature of 47.0C was also recorded in the observatory
Catamarca            -9  47*     * a temperature of 47.1C was also recorded in the observatory 
Tucuman            -7.2  45
Salta              -9.9  39.9
Campo Gallo        -8.1  47.3
Rivadavia          -7.2  47*     * a very dubious 48.9C was likely taken with not proper instruments
Villa de Maria    -10.5  44.6*   * a very dubious 49.1C was likely taken with not proper instruments
Neuquen           -12.8  42.3
Comodoro Rivadavia -8.5  40.2
Bariloche         -21.1  36.5
Ushuaia           -21.1  29.4*   * unofficial 31C also recorded in other parts of the town
Perito Moreno     -25.7  35
Sarmiento           -34* 38.3    * dubious, likely taken recorded under not proper conditions
Maquinchao        -25.6* 38      * a dubious -35.3C was reported in July 1991
Pato Superior Valley-39  27
Veladero            -44*         * unofficial
El Cain             -43*         * very dubious,likely a typo error
Nacimiento        -42.4*         * unofficial
Matambre            -42*         * unofficial
Cona Niyeu        -36.2*         * questioned
ARMENIA
Yerevan             -31  42
Kumairi             -35  36.2
Stepanavan          -34  35
Megri               -22  43.7
Shurabad (Paghakn)-42.2* 31     * an unofficial temperature of -46C was also recorded
Ashotsk           -41.9
AUSTRALIA
Canberra            -10  42.2
Sydney Airport     -0.1  46.4
Sydney Observatory  2.1  45.8
Brisbane Airport   -0.1  40.2
Brisbane City       2.3  43.2
Adelaide City      -0.4  46.1
Adelaide Airport   -2.6  44.1
Perth Airport      -1.3  46.7
Perth City         -0.7  46.2
Darwin             10.4  38.9
Albany City         0.1  44.8
Esperance City     -0.6  46.9
Carnarvon           2.4  47.8
Broome              3.3  44.8
Alice Springs      -7.5  45.2
Cairns              6.2  40.5*   * 43.2C was also recorded at the Post Office Station 
Melbourne City     -2.8  46.4*   * 46.8C also recorded in the Airport Station
Hobart City        -2.8* 41.8    * -3.9C also recorded in the Airport Station in June 1972
Birdsville         -1.7  49.5
Mardie              2.9  50.5
Oodnadatta         -2.6  50.7
Charlotte Pass      -23  29.7
Lord Howe Island    5.9  31.3
Norfolk Island AP   6.2  28.4
Kingston (Norfolk)  4.4* 32.2*   * unofficial,unreliable, taken with not proper instruments
Willis Island      16.4  35.2
Cocos Islands AP   18.3  32.8
Christmas Isl. AP  16.2  31.8
Rocky Point (Christmas Isl.) 33.2
Flying Fish Cove (Christmas I.)35*     * unofficial,dubious
Heard Island      -10.6  26.1
Macquarie Island   -9.4  14.4
AUSTRIA
Vienna            -26.3* 39.5    * unofficial -27C also recorded 
Klagenfurt        -27.8  38.1
Linz              -27.2  38
Salzburg          -31.1  38.6
Graz              -28.8  38.8
Innsbruck           -30* 37.7    * -31.3C was also recorded in December 1788
Dellach im Drautal-24.8  39.9
Bad Deutsch-Altenburg    40.5
Swettl            -36.6  34.6
Halltal             -40*         * unofficial, questioned
Sonnblick         -37.4  15.3
Grunloch          -52.6*         * unofficial, recorded in February 1932 in a frost hollow
AZERBAIJAN
Baku              -14.7  40
Ganja             -17.8* 42*     * extremes of -18.8C and 43.3C were recorded in another station
Zakataly          -22.8  40 
Goytapa                  47.4
Great Caucasus Stat.-45*         * unofficial
Ordubad (Nakhichivan)-33 46
Julfa (Nakhichivan)  -33 46
Xankhandi (Nagorno K.) -19  40
BAHAMAS
Nassau              5.2* 36.5    * a dubious 5.0C was also recorded in January 1945
Freeport Airport      3  36
Marsh Harbour       8.9  35
BAHRAIN
Manama Intl Air.    2.8  47.5
Awali                -5*         * very dubious,likely taken with not proper instruments
BANGLADESH
Dhaka               5.6  42.2
Chittagong City     7.2  39.4*   * 40.6C also recorded in another city station 
Jessore             2.2  43.2
Rajshahi                 45.1
Srimangal           1.7  41.2
BARBADOS
Bridgetown         15.8  33.9
Grantley Adams AP  15.6  33.1
Husbands                 34
St Ann's                 35*    * questioned, likely taken under not proper conditions
Gibbons Boggs        15
BELARUS
Minsk             -39.1  35
Gomel               -35  38.9
Vasilevichi       -35.7  38
Slavnoye          -42.2
BELGIUM
Brussels          -21.1  37.4    
Uccle             -18.7  38.8
Ostend            -16.8  36
Antwerp           -18.5  36.2
Gent              -20.6  37.6
Liege               -21* 38.4    * -24.4C also recorded in December 1783
Haacht            -25.5  38.7
Rochefort         -30.1  37.7*   * 38.8C in 1925 was recorded under not proper exposure conditions
BELIZE
Belmopan              7  41
Belize City         7.8  37.8
Central Farm          8  42
Douglas Da Silva St.  6
Sibun Hill            4  42.8*   * very dubious
BENIN
Porto Novo           16  37.5
Cotonou              17  36.7
Kandi               8.5  44.5
BHUTAN
Thimphu             -10  31
Punakha                  37.5
Phuentsholing            40
Paro Int.Airport  -12.9
Bathpalathang       -12  27
BOLIVIA
Sucre                -6  34.7
La Paz Downtown      -6  27.2
La Paz El Alto    -15.2  23
Charana           -23.8  26.4
Oruro             -22.4  26.6
Potosi City       -11.5* 28      * -14.1C was also recorded in the airport station
Cochabamba           -7  35.6*   * a dubious record of 39C also recorded in the Sarco Station
Tarija              -10  39.3  
Camiri             -5.2  44
Cobija                7  39.5
Santa Cruz Airport  1.8  41.6
Uyuni             -25.7  31.5
Villamontes          -7  46.7*   * unofficial temperature of 47.2C also recorded in January 1953
Bermejo              -4  46.6
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Sarajevo          -26.4  40
Sarajevo Airport  -30.2  39.9
Mostar            -16.4  43.1
Bihac             -29.2  42
Livno             -29.6  38.2
Brcko             -21.2  42
Cerik (Brcko)     -22.7
Bjelasnica        -33.6  25.3                 
Veliko Polje      -43.5
Banja Luka (Sprska R.)  -28.4  41.6
Bijeljina (Sprska R.)   -28.6  43       
Sokolac (Sprska R.)     -33.8  36
BOTSWANA
Gabarone           -6.5  41.7
Francistown        -6.5  42.1
Ghanzi             -8.5  42.2
Tshane               -8  41
Tsabong           -10.6  42.6    
BRAZIL
Brasilia            1.6* 35.8*   * extreme temperatures of 1.3C and 36.0C were recorded at the Airport station
Sao Paulo          -2.1* 37*     * unofficial temperatures of -4C and 38.5C were recorded in other parts of the city
Rio de Janeiro Center10.2* 39.1* * extreme temperatures of 4.8C and 43.2C were recorded in other parts of the city
Salvador de Bahia  16.8* 35.5    * a lowest temperature of 14.6C was recorded in the Airport
Recife             16.8  35.4
Fortaleza          17.6* 35.8    * 16.8C was also recorded in the Porangaba Station
Belem              18.4  36.6
Teresina           13.8* 42.4    * a record of 11.6C in 1922 is likely incorrect
Manaus             17.2  38.9
Boa Vista          18.2  39.4
Belo Horizonte      2.2  37.1*   * 37.2C was also recorded in the Airport station
Porto Alegre         -4  40.7*   * unofficial 41.3C was recorded in February 2010
Curitiba           -6.3* 35.2*   * unofficial temperatures of -8.9C and 37.4C were recorded in the old Observatory
Campinas           -1.5  38.9
Foz do Iguacu      -4.2  40
Florianopolis       1.3* 38.8    * a lowest of -1.0C was also recorded at the Airport station 
Campo Grande       -3.4  40.1
Orleans            -5.8  44.6
Bom Jesus do Piaui 11.9  44.8*   * very questioned, likely taken with not proper instruments
Sao Joaquim         -10  31.4
Xanxere           -11.6  
Cacador             -14* 38      * unofficial
Morro da Igreja   -17.8*         * very dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
BRUNEI
Bandar Seri Begawan 18.4 38.3
BULGARIA
Sofia             -31.2  39.8*   * 41.4C was also recorded at the Airport Station
Plovdiv           -31.5  45
Varna             -24.3  41.4
Burgas            -21.6  42.8
Sadovo            -30.7  45.2
Montana                  45.9*   * unofficial,dubious
Mussala Peak      -31.6  20
Trun              -38.3  37.3
BURKINA FASO
Ouagadougou         8.5  43.9
Dori                5.7  47.2
Markoye               5  46
Banankaledaga       2.9* 41.9    * very dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
BURUNDI
Bujumbura          11.1  36.1
Kisozi             -0.9
CAMBODIA
Phnom Penh         12.8  40.5
Siam Reap           9.5  41
Battabang          10.4  41
Kampot             14.7  37.2
Stoeng Treng          9  41.4
Ban Lung                 41.4
Sisophon            8.6  40.2
Val d'Emeraude        8
Sen Monorom         5.7* 40.2*   * unofficial, dubious
CAMEROON
Yaounde              11  35.7
Douala               18  37.7
Garoua              8.3  45.5
Maroua                6  45.9
Kousseri            9.7  47.7
Ngaoundere          3.2  39.5
Benoue River       -0.7
Fako Peak          -2.7*         * unofficial
CANADA
Ottawa            -38.9  37.8*   * 38.9C also recorded in the old Observatory
Toronto City      -32.8  40.6
Montreal          -37.8* 37.6    * -42C was also recorded in 1859
Quebec City       -36.7  36.1
Halifax           -29.4  37.2
Saint John's        -25* 31.5*   * dubious extremes of -29.4C and 33.9C were recorded in the old Observatory
Calgary             -45  36.1
Edmonton          -49.4  37.2
Vancouver         -18.3  34.4*   * 36.0C also recorded in the West Vancouver station
Victoria          -15.6  37.6
Regina              -50  43.9
Winnipeg          -47.8  42.3
Churchill         -49.4  36.9
Dawson            -58.3  35
Yelloknwife       -53.9  32.5
Sachs Harbour     -52.2  24.2
Eureka            -55.3  20.9
Alert               -50  20
Cape Dorset       -42.8  25
Midale            -48.3  45
Yellow Grass      -45.6  45
Snag              -62.8
Fort Nelson         -71*        * unofficial,dubious
CAPE VERDE
Praia              13.3  37.3
Sal                  10  35.2
Mindelo              10  36.1
Monte Velha           5
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Bangui              9.8  40.4
Bangassou           9.7  40.4
Birao               3.1  45
CHAD
N'Djamena           6.5  46.5*   * 47.0C was recorded in the city station in March 1936
Faya                4.5* 47.6*   * readings of 2.6C and 49.7C  recorded in 1951 and 1952 were taken with not proper instruments
Sarh                9.8  45
Bardai             -4.5  43
Wour                 -5
Trou au Natron       -7  27
CHILE
Santiago           -6.8  37.5
Valparaiso         -3.8  37.8
Arica               5.2* 33.6    * a dubious 1.0C was also recorded in another station in 1952
Puerto Montt       -7.1  34.7
Temuco             -8.1  38.6
Los Angeles        -5.7  41.6
Punta Arenas      -16.4  30
Balmaceda         -28.3  33.4
Ollague             -37
Coyhaique Alto      -37
Puesto Viejo        -40*          * unofficial
Evangelista Island   -8  23
Robinson Crusoe Isl.  3  28
Easter Island       7.2  31
CHINA
Beijing           -27.4  42.6*   * dubious old temperature of 44.4C was recorded in July 1743
Shanghai          -12.1* 40.8    * unofficial -13.3C recorded in January 1893
Nanjing           -16.9  40.7
Fuzhou             -1.7  41.7
Guangzhou (Canton)    0* 39.1    * unofficial record of -5.0C was set in January 1893
Shenzhen            0.2  38.7
Nanning            -2.1  40.4
Chongqing            -3  44
Chengdu            -5.9  37.3
Kunming            -7.8  32.8
Wuhan             -18.1  39.6*   * 42.0C was also recorded in another station of the city 
Xian              -20.6  42.9
Tianjin           -22.9  40.5
Haikou              2.8  39.6
Shenyang          -33.1  39.3
Harbin            -41.4  39.2
Urumqi            -41.5  42.1*   * 44C was also recorded at the Airport Station
Lhasa             -16.5* 30.4    * questioned old readings as low as -20C have not been officialized by China
Turpan            -28.9  48.1*   * a 49.6C in July 1975 has been considered faulty
Tuyoq                    49.4*   * a temperature of 50.0C was also recorded in the nearby canyon in 2010
Aydingol Lake            50.2 
Aydingkol Mirabilite Factory  50.7* * unofficial
Mohe              -52.3  39.3
Koktokay          -57.8*          * unofficial,dubious
Hong Kong Observatory 0  36.1
Hong Kong Airport     3  37.4
Ta Kwu Ling (Hong Kong)  37.7
Ping Chau  (Hong Kong)   37.7
Waglan Island (H.Kong)   38.1*    * dubious
Tai Mon Shan Peak(H.Kong)-5.3 28.8
Taipa Obs. (Macau)       37.4
Fortaleza do Monte (Macau)-1.8  38.9
Macao AWS (Macau)        39 
COLOMBIA
Bogota             -6.4  26.8
Medellin             10  34.4
Cali               13.4  37.4
Barranquilla         18  39.2
Bucaramanga        13.4  34.2
Chiriguana         16.8  42.6
El Salado          14.2  42.6*    * dubious
Carmen de Bolivar    15  42.6*    * dubious 
Anchique           13.6  42.8*    * dubious
Puerto Salgar      15.2  43*      * dubious 
Berlin              -11  20.8
San Andres Island    17  35.2
COMOROS
Moroni Airport     13.9  35.6
Ouani  (Anjouan)   13.7  35
CONGO BRAZZAVILLE
Brazzaville        10.3  37.6
Pointe Noire       12.4  34.8
Impfondo             12  39
Mpouya               13  39.2
Sibiti              8.9  34.8
CONGO KINSHASA
Kinshasa           11.2  37
Lubumbashi          0.6  37.2
Kisangani          14.8  38.6
Kananga              13  35.3
Sakania            -1.5
Katanaga Highlands   -4*         * unofficial
Yahila                   41
COSTA RICA
San Jose City      10.4* 33.2*   * more extreme temperatures before 1970 were affected by overexposure
Alajuela             11  35.2
Liberia            12.8  40.1
Puntarenas           16  40
Cascajal de Orotina      40.4
Puerto Limon       13.2  35*     * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Villa Mills          -3  27.5
Irazu Volcano        -5  22.5
Mount Chirripo       -9  24 
COTE D'IVOIRE
Yamoussoukro        8.2  40.3
Abidjan            14.7  36.2
Odienne             7.8  41.5
Man                   6  39.4
CROATIA
Zagreb            -28.9* 40.5    * an unofficial temperature of -30.5C also recorded in February 1929
Dubrovnik            -7  39.4
Split                -9  39
Rijeka            -14.6  40
Osijek            -27.1  40.6
Ploce                    42.8
Varazdin            -29  39.4
Palagruza          -4.3  35.7
Gracac            -34.6
Cakovec           -35.5*         * questioned,likely taken with not proper instruments
Gospic            -33.5* 38.7    * an unofficial and questioned -36C was also recorded in February 1929
CUBA
Havana City           6  36.5
Havana Jose Marti   3.7* 36.1*   * extremes of 1.6C and 38.1C were recorded in the old Rancho Boyero station
Bainoa              0.6  36.3
Sancti Spiritus     4.8  38.5
Pinar del Rio       5.1  36.7
Camaguey              3  37.5
Santiago            8.3  37.8
Guantanamo         10.5  38.6
Jucarito              7  38.8
Manzanillo          8.8  38.5
Isla de la Juventud 6.1  35.1
CYPRUS
Nicosia            -5.6  45.6
Larnaca            -3.9  43.9
Akotriri           -2.2  40.2
Paphos             -3.9  42.2
Prodromos         -10.2  36
Ercan-Tynvou (N.Cyprus)-4 45
Lefkonico (North Cyprus) 46.6
CZECH REPUBLIC
Prague Clementinum -27.6 37.8
Prague Uhrineves    -29  40.2
Brno              -27.2  38.5
Ostrava           -27.3  38
Milesovca         -28.3  36.5
Dobrichovice             40.4
Litvinovice       -42.2
DENMARK
Copenhagen          -25* 33.8    * -26.3C was also recorded in January 1789
Aalborg           -27.2  34
Odense            -21.3  34
Ronne             -20.5  32.6
Holstebro                36.4
Slagelse                 35.8
Horsted/Thy       -31.2
Nuuk(Greenland)   -32.5  24.9
Upernavik(Greenland)-41  21
Kangerlussuaq (Green.)-47.2 25.5
Maniitsoq (Greenland) -25.8 25.9
Tasilaq (Greenland)-30.3 25.3
Nord (Greenland)  -51.9  17
Summit (Greenland) -67.2  3.6
Klinck (Greenland) -69.6
Torshavn (Faroe)  -12.5*  22.5    * also reported as -13.5C
Vaga Floghavn (Faroe)-12.3  26.3  
DJIBOUTI
Djibouti City        15  47.1
Djibouti Serpent         47.3*    * a suspicious 49.5C was likely taken under not proper conditions
Tadjourah                49.5*    * questioned ,likely taken under not proper conditions
Ali Sabieh         12.5
DOMINICA
Roseau               15  35
Melville Airport   16.1  34.3
Canefield Airport    18  35.4
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC
Santo Domingo        13* 37      * 11.4C was also recorded at the Airport Station
Puerto Plata        9.4  40
Santiago           10.1  39
Duverge            10.2  42.8*   * unreliable, likely taken with not proper instruments 
Mao                12.2  43.2*   * unreliable, likely taken with not proper instruments
Moca                 10  41*     * very dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Yasica               11  42*     * very dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Jimani               12  40.8
Constanza             0  32.5
Duarte Peak          -8*         * unofficial
Las Piramides        -9*         * unofficial
ECUADOR
Quito Observatory     0  29.9
Guayaquil            14  37.3
Cuenca             -2.9  28
Zamora                6  35
Tiputini             14  38
Nuevo Rocafuerte     14  38.5
Putumayo                 38.6
Zapotillo                38.6
Riobamba           -3.6  28.3
Izobamba           -4.3  24.7
Latacunga          -4.5  28.1
Chalpatan          -5.5
Olmedo            -10.5*         * dubious
El Refugio Cotopaxi-14.2
San Cristobal (Galapagos)12.7  35
Puerto Ayora (Galapagos)       35.2
Genovesa Island (Galapagos)    38*   * dubious
Bellavista (Galapagos)   11*         * dubious
EGYPT
Cairo              -1.1  48.4  
Giza                 -4  48
Alexandria          2.2  45.1
Kharga             -2.1  50.3
Aswan              -2.4  49.3*   * old town record of 51.0C was recorded under not proper exposure conditions
Luxor                -2  50
Port Said             0  45
Sharm El Sheik        5  46
Nekhel             -8.8  43.8
Jabal Zubayr        -15
EL SALVADOR
San Salvador City   8.2  38.5
San Salvador Airport8.3  37.5
Acajutla           15.1  40.2
La Union             13  42
San Miguel         10.2  44.8
Los Naranjos         -4  32
El Pital Peak      -6.1
EQUATORIAL GUINEA
Malabo               16  35.3
Bata                 15  35
Moka                  8
ERITREA
Asmara               -4  31.1
Massawa              10  48
ESTONIA
Tallin            -34.4  34.3
Tartu             -38.6  35.2
Voru              -43.4  35.6
Jogeva            -43.5
ETHIOPIA
Addis Abeba City   -0.5* 32*     * extreme temperatures of -3.5C and 34.0C were recorded in other parts of the city
Jimma                -8* 38      * very dubious
Debre Birhan         -8
Sanetti Plateau     -15  26
Dallol                   48.9
Elidar                   48
Assaita                  49.6*   * very dubious
FIJI
Suva               12.8  34.5*   * an old suspicious record of 36.7C was recorded in another Station
Nadi               11.3  36.7
Nacocolevu               39.4*   * suspicious
Lambasa                  38*     * very dubious
Vatukoula                37.4
Nadrau              6.5
Navai Valley        5.6
Rotuma Island        17  34.1 
FINLAND
Helsinki Kaisaniemi-34.3 33.1  
Helsinki Vantaa AP -35.9 33.7
Turku             -35.5  35.9*   * very dubious
Joensuu           -39.5  37.2
Tampere             -37  33.1
Jyvaskyla         -38.5  35
Inari             -48.7  32.4
Rovaniemi         -47.5  32.1
Kittila-Pokka     -51.5  30
Oulu              -41.5  33.3
Lappeenranta      -38.3  34.6
Lahti               -40  35
Kuopio              -39* 35.5    * -41.1C was also recorded in the Airport Station 
Sodankyla         -49.5* 31.7    * -51.3C was also recorded in February 1862
Marienhamn (Aland)-32.9  31.3
FRANCE
Paris Downtown    -23.9  40.4
Paris St.Maur     -25.6  42.3
Paris Orly        -16.8  40
Nice               -7.2  37.7
Marseille         -16.8* 40.6    * -17.5C was also recorded in January 1819
Strasbourg        -23.6* 39.5    * -26.3C was also recorded in December 1788
Lille             -19.5  36.6
Bordeaux          -16.4  40.7*   * 41.9C was also recorded in August 1892
Perpignan           -11  40.5
Lyon              -24.6  40.5
Auxerre           -20.2  41.1
Caen              -19.6  38.9
Grenoble          -27.1  39.5
Limoges           -21.7  37.2*   * 37.5C was also recorded in 1800
Nantes            -15.6  40.3
Toulon               -9  40.1
Toulouse Airport  -19.2  40.7
Le Luc              -17  42.7
Tolouse Francazal        44*      * very dubious,likely taken with not proper instruments
Vallon-Pont-d'Arc        44*      * unofficial,questioned
Conqueyrac               44.1*    * questioned
Saint Christol les Ales  44.1*    * unofficial
Ledignan                 44.3*    * unofficial,questioned
Chamonix            -31  37.2
Mouthe              -41  34.1*    * unofficial and questioned 36C was also recorded in July 1952
Mont Blanc          -43  3
Ajaccio            -8.1  40.3*    * a record of 41.2C was also recorded in the Parata station
Bastia               -5  38.3
St Pierre (St Pierre Miq.)-22.5  28.3
Cayenne (French Guyana) 17.2  36
Regina (French Guyana)    17  39
Saul (French Guyana)    14.8   
Fort de France(Martinique)13.4 35
Lamentin (Martinique)     14.1 35.4
Saint Pierre (Martinique) 16.4 36.5*   * dubious
Francois Chopotte (Martinique) 36.2
Le Morne Rouge (Martinique)12.6 32
Fonds-St-Denis (Martinique) 12*  33.2  * very dubious
Raizet (Guadeloupe)       13  34.2
Basse Terre (Guadeloupe)  15  35
St-Claude (Guadeloupe)   9.8  33
Soufriere Volcano (Guadel.)7*          * unofficial
Les Saintes (Guadeloupe)  18.4 36.4
Gustavia  (Saint Barthelemy)  15.6  35.2
Orleans (Saint Martin)    17  36.4
Papeete (French Polynesia)14.9  34.6
Bora Bora (French Polyn.) 17.7  35.2
Atuona (French Polynesia) 18.1  36.1
Rapa (French Polynesia)    8.5  31.6
Noumea (New Caledonia)    12.2  36.8
Boulouparis (New Caledonia)     39.9
Bourail (New Caledonia)    2.3
Hihifo (Wallis)             18  33.5
Mala'etoli (Wallis)       17.6* 35.2*   * suspicious
Maopoopo (Futuna)           19  34.9
Saint Denis (Reunion I.)  12.8  34
Le Port (Reunion I.)            36.9
Gite de Bellecombe (Reunion)-5
Dzaoudzi (Mayotte)      15.6  35
Tromelin Island         17.2  34.6
Glorioso Island           15  35.1
Juan de Nova Island       16  35.6
Europa Island            9.4  35.6
Port Aux Francais (Kerguelen) -9.4  23
Possession Island (Crozet)    -6.6  23.6
Amsterdam Island         1.8  26.4
GABON
Libreville         16.1  35.1
Franceville          12  36
Mouila             12.5  37.2
Tchibanga            14  37.5
Mekambo              10
GAMBIA
Banjul              7.2  43.6
Kuntaur                  46.8
Jenoi                    46.8
Boraba Kunda        4.4*         * very dubious,likey taken with not proper instruments
GEORGIA
Tbilisi           -24.4  40.6*   * unofficial and questioned 42.0C was also recorded in July 1882
Kutaisi             -17  42
Chiatura            -20  42.5
Charnali            -10  43
Batumi            -11.2  41
Kartsakhi           -41
Mt Kazbegi Met.Stat.-42  21
Sukhumi (Abkhazia)  -14  41
Pskhu (Abkhazia)    -27  41
Lata (Abkhazia)          43
Tskhinvali (S.Ossetia)-28 36
GERMANY
Berlin            -26.1* 38.2    * -31.9C was also recorded at Blankenburg station in January 1893
Cologne Bonn Int.AP -25  38.8
Frankfurt         -27.2  38.7   
Munich            -31.6  37.5
Hamburg           -29.1  38.8
Stuttgart         -25.8  38.1
Essen               -24  36.6
Bremen            -23.6* 37.6    * a dubious -35.6C was recorded in December 1788
Dresden           -30.5* 39.8    * -32.1C was also recorded in December 1788
Hannover           -26*  38.1    * -29.4C was also recorded in December 1788
Leipzig           -27.6* 37.5    * -28.7C was also recorded in 1776
Dusseldorf        -22.8  38.5
Karlsruhe         -25.4  40.2
Landesbut           -45*         * unofficial
Funtensee         -45.8*         * unofficial, questioned
Hull              -37.8
Zugspitze         -35.6  17.9
Freiburg im Breisgau-22.4  40.2
Garmersdorf              40.2
Perl-Nennig              40.3*   * originally 40.8C ,was later corrected
GHANA
Accra                15  37.8
Kumasi             10.6  39
Bui                 6.7
Navrongo                 43
GREECE
Athens Hellinikon  -4.2  42.2
Athens Votanikos  -10.4  44.5
Elefsina             -7  48
Tatoi              -8.8  48
Thessalonik         -14* 44      * -15C was also recorded in January 1858
Patras             -6.4  43.5
Heraklion (Crete)    -1  44.4*   * 45.7C was recorded in the city station in 1916
Tzermiadhon (Crete)-15.4
Rhodes Airport     -3.9  42
Larissa           -21.6* 45.4    * -22C was also recorded in January 1858
Ptolemaida        -27.8  41.7
Sesi Parnassos    -33.1*         * unofficial
GRENADA
Saint George's Airp.16.7 34
Richmond Hill            34.4
Grand Etang          13
GUATEMALA
Guatemala City      4.2  33.9
Guatemala Airport   6.1  34.5
Flores                9  42.6
Estanzuela            7  45
Gualan                6  47*     * dubious,likely taken under not proper conditions
Usumatlan             8  47*     * dubious,likely taken under not proper conditions
Puerto San Jose      12  40
Puerto Barrios       11  39.6
Coban               0.8  36
Chichicastenango   -8.5  31.4
Huehuetenango      -5.5  34
Quetzaltenango    -10.5* 29.8    * unofficial -15.8C was recorded in January 1956
Olintepeque       -11.5  29.6
GUINEA
Conakry            16.1  36.1*   * a dubious 38.3C was recorded in the old Observatory
Labe                3.8  40
Bareing             2.5
Mali Ville          1.4
Siguiri             6.8  42.5
Koundara                 45
GUINEA BISSAU
Bissau             12.2  41.1
Bafata               10  43.6
Farim                 7  43.2
GUYANA
Georgetown Airport 16.6  37.2
Mazaruni             15  37.8
Kaieteur Falls       13
Lethem                   39
St. Ignatius       18.9  39.4
Dadanawa Ranch           39.4
Mount Roraima         1*        * unofficial
HAITI
Port au Prince       15  39
Turgueau                 40.3
Gonaives                 42*    * very dubious,likely taken under not proper conditions
Saint Marc               42*    * very dubious,likely taken under not proper conditions
Fort des Pins         1
Seguin                1
HONDURAS
Tegucigalpa         3.9  37.8
San Pedro Sula      9.4  43.3
Guayabillas              45.5*   * very dubious,likely taken under not proper conditions
Santa Rosa de Copan 4.8  35.5
La Esperanza       -0.6
HUNGARY
Budapest Observ.  -23.4* 40.1*   * extremes of -27C and 40.7C were recorded in the Airport stations
Debrecen          -31.6  40.2
Szeged            -29.1  39.8
Pecs                -27  41.3
Kiskunhalas              41.9
Miskolctapolca      -35
ICELAND
Reykjavik         -24.5  26.2 
Akureyri          -32.5* 29.4    * -35.7C also recorded in March 1810
Teigarhorn        -25.5  30.5 
Grimsey Island    -30.8  21.9*   * unofficial 26.2C in August 1876 was likely recorded under not standard conditions
Grimsstaoir       -37.9
Moorudalur          -38
INDIA
New Delhi City     -0.6  47.2
New Delhi Palam    -2.2  48.4
Mumbai Santacruz AP 7.4  42.2   
Mumbai Colaba Obs. 11.7  41.6 
Kolkata (Calcutta)    5  43.9
Chennai (Madras)   13.9  45
Bengaluru           7.8  38.9*    * temperatures as high as 41C were recorded in others city's suburbia stations
Allahabad          -0.7  48.8
Lucknow              -1  48.3
Jaipur             -2.2  47.8
Nagpur              3.9  48.6
Hyderabad           6.1  45.5
Jammu               0.6  47.4
Chandigarh            0  46.5
Goa                13.3  39.8
Bikaner              -4  49.4
Ganganagar         -2.8  50
Churu              -4.6  50*     * dubious
Dholpur            -4.3  50
Alwar              -0.8  50.6*   * very dubious
Pachpadra          -4.3  50.6*   * unofficial
Cherrapunji          -1  31.1
Srinagar          -19.9  38.3
Leh               -29.1  35.4*   * dubious
Kargil            -32.8
Darbuk              -34
Dras                -45* 33      * Dras temperatures were likely taken under not proper conditions
Siachen Glacier     -55*         * unofficial,dubious
Amini Divi         18.3  37.7
Minnicoy Island    16.7  36.7
Port Blair (Andaman)16.1 36.8
Long Island (Andaman)    37.1
INDONESIA
Jakarta Observat.  18.9* 36.8    * extremes temperatures of 16.9C and 37.0C were recorded at the Airport
Surabaya           16.5  38.8
Semarang             17  38.7
Cirebon Jatiwangi    17  39.5
Medan (Sumatra)    17.2  37*     * a faulty 42.0C was recorded at the Sampali station in 1972
Banjarmasin (Borneo) 17  37.6
Makassar(Sulawesi) 14.4  38.8
Den Pasar (Bali)     17  36.1
Jayapura (W.Papua) 17.6  36.8
Ambon (Moluccas)   18.3  35.6
Kupang (W.Timor)   14.4  38.4
Kertasarie Estate  -5.6         
Mount Pangrango     0.5  20.7
Puncak Jaya          -8*         * unofficial
IRAN
Tehran            -20.6  43.1
Abadan               -5  52
Ahvaz                -7  52.2
Omidiyeh           -3.5  52.6
Shushtar                 52.6
Dehloran                 53*     * dubious
Chahkutah                53*     * suspicious, liken taken under overexposure conditions
Jask                  5  45.3
Esfahan           -20.1  43.3
Shiraz              -14  43.2
Tabriz            -25.4  42
Mashad              -28  43.8
Saqqez              -36  41
Bijar               -36* 38.2    * a questioned temperature of -38C was likely recorded with not proper instruments
Kheyrabad         -36.4
IRAQ
Baghdad            -8.5* 51      * unofficial temperature of -12.2C also recorded
Nassirya Airport   -7.2  53
Najaf              -7.2  51.2
Basra              -4.7  52
Al Kut             -8.2  52
Ad-Diwaniyah       -8.3  52.3
Kirkuk               -7  49.5
Mossul            -17.6  51.1*   * suspicious
IRELAND
Dublin            -15.6* 30.6*   * extremes of -15.7C and 31.0C were recorded at the Casement Aerodrome 
Cork               -9.4  29.4
Shannon           -11.9  31.6
Valentia           -7.7  29.8
Kilkenny          -14.1  33.3*   * dubious 
Lough Boora              32.5
Markree Castle    -19.1  29.4
ISRAEL
Tel Aviv           -1.9  45.6*   * a questioned record of 46.5C was also recorded in 1916
Jerusalem          -6.7  42*     * a questioned 44.4C was also recorded in 1881
Mount Canaan         -9  40
Haifa                -3  43.7
Ramat David       -11.5  44
Beer Sheva           -5  46.2
Eilat Observatory   0.9  47.4*   * 48.8C was recorded in the Airport Station
Sedom                 3  48.8
Deganya            -3.3  49
Qalya                    51.2
Almog (Qalya)            51.4*   * unofficial
Tirat Tsvi                 54*   * wrong data caused by a faulty instrument
Tel Tanim         -13.1*         * reports of -13.7C are due to a typo error in the original source
Mount Avital      -14.3*         * unofficial, questioned
Jericho (West Bank)-0.4  50.5
East Jerusalem (West Bank) -6.7  44.4
Hebron (West Bank) -8.6   
Gaza (Gaza Strip)    -2   45.9
ITALY
Rome City          -7.5* 40.7*   * records of -11C and 41.7C were set in the suburb stations
Rome Fiumicino Air.-7.8  38.6
Milan City        -17.3  38.6*   * 39.8C recorded in the Brera Observatory is believed to be overestimated
Turin Observatory -19.1  39.7*   * 41.6C was also recorded in the Turin North station
Florence City     -12.9  42.1
Florence Airport  -23.2  42.6
Venice              -15* 37.5    * -18C was also recorded in December 1788
Genoa              -8.5  37.8
Bologna           -18.8  39.7
Perugia             -17  39.6
Naples             -5.3* 40.5    * this minimum and another dubious -5.6C were recorded in the Airport Station
Bari               -5.9  45.6
Palermo Observatory  -2  45*     * a dubious 45.5C was recorded in August 1885
Cagliari           -4.8  43.6
Catenanuova              48.5
Lampedusa Island    2.2  40.9
Plateau Rosa      -34.6  14.4*   * unofficial 17.2C was also recorded nearby in 2003
Mount Rose          -41  8.6*    * questioned
Livigno             -38  29
Gran Gioves         -42
Busa Nord di Fradusta-49.6*      * questioned, recorded in a frost hollow
JAMAICA
Kingston           13.3  36.4
Montego Bay        12.8  36
Bodles                   37.2
Castleton Gardens        37.8
Blue Mount.Range    0.7  23.3
JAPAN
Tokyo City         -9.2  39.5*   * unofficial 42.7C was recorded at the Primary School Station 
Osaka City         -7.5  39.1
Kyoto             -11.9  39.8
Sendai            -11.7  37.2
Sapporo           -28.5  36.2
Yamagata            -20  40.8
Shimanto           -6.9  41
Mount Fuji          -38  17.8*   * questioned 18.2C also recorded in August 2007
Asahikawa           -41  36
Bifuka            -41.5* 35.9    * unofficial
Nagoya            -10.3  39.9
Hiroshima          -8.6  38.7
Nagasaki             -7* 37.7    * recorded at the Airport Station
Naha (Okinawa)      6.3* 35.6    * 5.0C was also recorded in the Airbase
Chichijima          7.8  33.8
Minamitorishima Is.12.8  35.6
JORDAN
Amman              -6.5  44
Ma'an              -8.4  43.5
Aqaba               0.6  48.8
Deir Alla                51.1
Shoubak             -14  38.2
KAZAKHSTAN
Astana            -51.6  41.6
Almaty            -37.7  43.4
Atbasar           -45.9* 41.6    * a dubious -57C also recorded in January 1893
Semey             -51.4  42.5
Kazalinsk         -36.3* 43.7    * unofficial -40C was also recorded in 1893
Pavlodar          -47.2  41.1
Fort Shevchenko     -25  41.8
Karaganda         -42.9  40.2
Turkestan         -38.6  49.1 
Orlovka             -62*         * dubious
KENYA
Nairobi               2  32.8
Mombasa            13.6  38.9
Garissa            13.9  41
Wajir              14.5  42.6
Eldoret             1.1  30.6
Ettrick Estate     -3.3
Teleki Valley       -13
Mount Kenya         -22  11
KIRIBATI
Bonriki (Tarawa)     20  35.3
Butaritari         18.9  35
Tabuaeran          18.3  34.2
Christmas Island   18.9  34.4
Beru               20.3  34.7
Banaba               20  35.6
KUWAIT
Kuwait Int. Airport  -4  52.1    
Kuwait City        -4.4* 51.9    * a temperature of -6.1C was also recorded at Omariya Station in January 1964
Mitribah                 53.3*   * a faulty record of 54.4C in 2010 was taken under not proper exposure conditions
Sulaibya                 53.6
Bubiyan Island     -4.8  51.2
Al Salmi           -4.8  49.8
Al Shiqaya           -5*         * unofficial
KYRGYZSTAN
Bishkek           -34.4  43.8
Chuy                     44
Naryn               -38  36.9
Ak Say            -53.6  23.5
LAOS
Vientiane           2.4  41.1
Luang Prabang       0.8  44.8*   * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Savannakhet           1  42*     * a 44.4C in April 1974 was recorded with not proper instruments
Xiang Khoang Plat. -3.3  37
LATVIA
Riga              -34.9  35
Liepaja           -32.9  33.7
Aluksne           -37.4  33.3
Daugavpils        -43.2  36.4
LEBANON
Beirut Observatory -1.1  43.2
Beirut Nazareth    -1.5  44.8
Tripoli            -2.3  39.6
Ksara             -18.3  41.2
Yammoune          -22.7*         * it is also found rounded to -23.5C
Hermel                   45
Haouch ed Dahab          46.7*   * very dubious, likely recorded with not proper instruments 
LESOTHO
Maseru             -9.6  39.4
Lets'eng-La-Draai -20.4  31
LIBERIA
Monrovia Downtown    18  36.5
Roberts Int.Airport 12.8 36.7
Masambolahun         7.8
Sikombe                  40.6
LIBYA
Tripoli City       -0.6  47
Tripoli Airport    -1.3  49.1
Misurata              0  47.6
Sirt                  1  48.5
Benghazi Benina     0.6  45.6
Ghadames             -8  48.4
Jalo               -2.8  49.1
Zuwarah            -1.1  50.2
Hon                  -9  48
Al Azizia            -3  48*    * an old record of 58.0C was recorded under terrible exposure conditions
LIECHTENSTEIN
Vaduz               -26  36
Ruggel                   37.4
Malbun              -30  27
LITHUANIA
Vilnius           -37.2  35.4
Kaunas            -36.3  35.1
Zarasai                  37.5
Utena             -42.9  34.5
LUXEMBOURG
Luxembourg        -23.1  37.9
Remich                   40.5
Obercorn                 41.5*   * dubious
Wiltz             -24.6
MACEDONIA
Skopje            -25.6  43.2
Bitola            -29.4  41.2
Berovo            -31.5  39
Demir Kapija             45.7
MADAGASCAR
Antananarivo        1.2  34.8*   * an old record of 36C was also set in the Observatory 
Toamasina (Tamatave)11.3 38.8
Toliara             6.1  42.2
Arivonimamo          -1  32.4
Nanokeli           -8.5
Mount Andringitra   -11  30
Andringitra Massif  -16*         * unofficial
Ejeda                    43.6
Antsiranana        13.5  36.7
MALAWI
Lilongwe           -0.6  38.9*   * dubious,recorded in the City Hall station
Blantyre            4.4  38.7
Zomba                 5  38.6
Chelinda           -6.7
Nkate               6.7  46
Chingala                 46
MALAYSIA
Kuala Lumpur       17.8  37.2
Penang               18  37.2
Kota Bharu         16.7  37
Kuching            17.8  36.5
Bintulu            18.9  36.3
Miri               18.3  35.8
Sandakan           18.3  36.5
Chuping            16.1  40.1
Cameron Highlands   2.2* 26.7    * an unofficial temperature of 0.1C was also recorded
Panar Laban Hut     0.6*         * unofficial
MALDIVES
Male                 19  34.4
Hanimaadhoo        18.2  34.3
Gan                19.7  33.6
Kadhdhoo                 34.8*   * a dubious 36.8C was recorded in May 1991
MALI
Bamako              6.1  46.1
Kayes               8.8  48.1
Gao                 6.5  48.2
Timbuctu            4.8  47.8
Kidal               0.5  47.8
MALTA
Valletta            1.2* 41.9    * a dubious 0.0C was also recorded in January 1858
Luqa Airport        1.4  43.8
Balzan              2.6  43.1
Ta'Qali            -1.7*         * unofficial
MARSHALL ISLANDS
Majuro               20  33.3*   * a dubious 35.4C was recorded in July 2008
Kwajalein            20  33.3
Ujelang                  35
MAURITANIA
Nouakchott          3.9  48
Nouadhibou            5  45.4
Bir Moghrein          1  49.1
Kiffa                 5  49
Atar                  2  48.8
Akjoujt               6  50*     * dubious
Moudjeria                50*     * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
MAURITIUS
Port Louis         10.5  38    
Plaisance Airport    11  34.4*   * a dubious 35.9C also recorded in January 1952
Pamplemousses       8.9  35.5  
Vacoas              7.7  31.6
Belle Rive          6.5	
Agalega Island     16.9  35.1
Rodrigues Island   14.5  34
Raphael Island(Cargados) 15.9  35.3* * unofficial and dubious reading of 36.1C was also recorded in 1946
MEXICO
Mexico City        -4.4  33.9*   * 34.7C was also recorded in the Airport Station
Guadalajara        -5.5  39
Monterrey          -8.5* 46.5    * an unofficial record of -15C was recorded in February 1895 in the highest parts of the city 
Acapulco             15  40.5
Puebla               -9  36
Tijuana            -1.5* 41.8    * a questioned -4.0C was also recorded in December 1954
La Paz             -1.9  43.5
Tampico            -2.5  45
Ciudad Victoria    -6.1  46
Cancun              7.2  39.5*   * dubious
Merida                5  43.5*   * a record of 45.0C was reported in the northern city station
Mexicali             -8  52
Rancho Williams      -5  52*     * dubious
Delta                -6  52*     * very dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Chihuahua           -16* 41.4    * -18C was also recorded at the Airport
Los Lamentos        -29
Mohinora Peak       -31*         * unofficial
MICRONESIA
Palikir            18.3  36.1
Chuuk              18.9  35.6
Yap                18.3  35.9
MOLDOVA
Chisinau          -31.5  39.4
Bratuseni         -35.5
Falesti                  42.4
Tiraspol (Transnistria) -30* 41   * unofficial -32C was also recorded
Slobodzya (Transnistria)     41.9
Camenca (Transnistria)-32.8  41.5
MONACO
Monaco Ville            
Monte Carlo         -2.3  34
Jardin Exotique     -5.2  34.5
MONGOLIA
Ulaan Bataar        -49  38.6
Buyant-Uhaa         -37  40
Choibalsan        -41.6  41.2
Khongor                  44
Zungoovi          -55.3
Uvs Lake            -56
MONTENEGRO
Podgorica Downtown -9.6  44.8
Podgorica Airport   -12  42.5
Danilovgrad              44.8
Rozaje              -32  36
MOROCCO
Rabat Sale         -3.2  47.2      
Casablanca         -2.7  43.5
Fez                -7.9  44.7*   * a questioned 47.1C was likely taken with not proper instruments 
Tangier            -4.2  43.5 
Agadir             -2.6  49.1*   * a dubious record of 51.8C in August 1940 is probably overestimated
Taroudant            -4  50.2*   * questioned,likely taken with not proper instruments
Marrakech            -5  49.6
Ifrane              -24  37
Oussikis          -24.1  
El Aaiun(W.Sahara)  2.8  47.2
Semara (W.Sahara)   2.8  50.7
Dakhla (W. Sahara)  7.2  42.2
MOZAMBIQUE
Maputo              5.1  45.5
Pafuri                1  46
Maue               -2.8  37.4
Chibuto                  47.3
MYANMAR
Naypyitaw            10  44.5
Yangon (Rangoon)    9.1  42.5
Mandalay            5.6  45.6
Minbu               7.2  45.8
Myinmu                   47.2
Kawthaung-Victoria P.15  39.7
Lashio             -2.5  42.5
Hakha                -6
NAMIBIA
Windhoek           -6.9  39.5
Gobabis            -9.9  40.5
Walvis Bay          2.3* 39.5*   * extremes of 0.0C and 42.0C were also recorded at the Airport
Noordoewer         -1.1  47.8
Stampriet         -10.5  42.8
NAURU
Yaren              20.4  34.6*   * a dubious record of 35.3C was set in 1938 
NEPAL
Kathmandu          -3.9  37.8
Pokhara             0.5  38
Dhangadi              0  46.4
Jumla               -15  33.3
Lomangtang        -22.5
Tsho Rolpa Lake   -23.2  14.6
Machhermo           -25*         * unofficial
NETHERLANDS
Amsterdam           -24  36.8
Vlissingen        -19.6  35
Eindhoven         -21.7  36.6
Maastricht        -20.2* 38.4*   * old unofficial extremes of -22.9C and 38.8C were also recorded
Rotterdam         -20.3* 36.5    * -20.4C was also recorded in 1776
Warnsveld                38.6
Winterswijk       -27.4
Oranjestad (Aruba)             19  35.3
Queen Beatrix Airport (Aruba)  19  36.5
Flamingo Airport (Bonaire)   19.8  36.3
Kralendijk (Bonaire)           18* 35.5  * an unreliable 16.4C was recorded in December 1962  
Hato Airport (Curacao)         19  38.3
Willemstad (Curacao)           19* 36    * a dubious 17C was also recorded at the Fort Nassau station in 1933
Princess Juliana AP(St Maarten)17  35.1
Roosevelt AP(Sint Eustatius) 16.4  34.3
Oranjestad (Sint Eustatius)  16.3*       * a dubious 16.0C was also recorded in December 1966
The Bottom (Saba)            17.8  33.2
National Marine Park (Saba)    16  35
Windwardside (Saba)            16
Hell's Gate (Saba)             16
NEW ZEALAND
Wellington         -1.9  31.1
Auckland           -2.5  32.4*   * a temperature of 34.4C was recorded in Albert Park Station
Christchurch        -10  41.6
Dunedin            -8.8  35.7
Invercargill         -9  32.2
Queenstown        -11.4  34.1
Rangiora                 42.4
Jordan                   42.4*   * unofficial, also reported as 42.3C
Chateau Tongariro -13.6  30
Ophir             -21.6
Ranfurly          -25.6
Raoul Island        7.4  31  
Chatham Island     -2.5  26
Campbell Island    -7.9  21.2
Enderby Island     -4.2  16.9
Alofi (Niue)           11.5  34
Vaipapahi (Niue)       10.7  34.3
Niue Airport (Niue)    10.6  33.1
Aitutaki(Cook Islands) 12.8  35.6
Avarua-Rarotonga(Cook)  8.9  34.2
Penrhyn (Cook Islands) 19.3  35.1
Fakaofo (Tokelau)        19  35.6
NICARAGUA
Managua              14  39
Jinotega            8.9  34.2
Ocotal              7.7  39
Esteli              5.5  35.8     
Chinandega           10  42
San Francisco Libre      42*        * very dubious
Leon                 13  40.1
Rivas              16.3  36.6   
Bluefields           16  39.4
NIGER
Niamey              8.3  47
Agadez                3  47.1
Bilma              -2.4  48.2
Nguigmi               3  47
Tillabery             6  46.8
NIGERIA
Abuja                 8  41
Lagos              13.9  37.3
Port Harcourt      13.9  37.2
Ilorin                9  40.1
Kano                3.9  43.6
Maiduguri           6.1  46.1
Yola                     46.4*   * dubious
Sokoto              3.9  47.2*   * very dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Jos                 4.4  37.2
Potiskum            2.8  46.1
NORTH KOREA
Pyongyang         -30.2  37.7
Chunggangjin      -43.6  38
Wonsan            -21.9  39.6
Hoeryong                 40.9
Sinmusong       -45.1
Chosan                   41*     * unofficial,dubious
Baekdu Mountain     -51*         * unofficial
NORWAY
Oslo Airport        -32  33
Oslo City           -26* 35      * -27.9C was also recorded in February 1871
Bergen            -16.3  31.8
Trondheim         -26.1  35
Tromso City       -18.4* 30.2*   * -21.8C and 30.4C were also recorded in suburbia stations
Hammerfest        -23.5  29.7
Nesbyen             -38  35.6
Roros             -50.4  30.7
Karasjok          -51.4  32.4
Finse             -39.6  24.8
Mount Fannaraki     -33  18.5
Bjornoya Island   -31.6  23.6
Hopen Island      -36.9  17.8
Jan Mayen Island  -28.4  18.1
Longyearbyen(Svalbard)   -46.3  21.3
Barentsburg (Svalbard)   -39.8  20.3
Gronfjorden (Svalbard)   -49.4
Bouvet Island     -18.7  10.6
OMAN
Muscat Airport      9.4  49.2
Salalah              10  47.2
Fahud               5.6  50.7
Buraimi             2.5  50.8
Sohar Majis         5.7  50.8
Saiq               -3.6  37.1
Jabal ash Sham     -7.8  27.6
PAKISTAN
Islamabad          -3.9  46.6
Lahore City        -2.2  48.3
Karachi               0  47.8
Sibi               -7.1  53
Jacobabad          -3.9  52.8
Mohenjo-daro             53.5
Peshawar           -3.9  50
Quetta            -18.3  42
Sakardu           -24.1  42.7
Astore              -26  37
PALAU
Ngerulmud
Koror              20.6  34.4*   * dubious 
Nekken Forestry    18.9  34.4
PANAMA
Panama City        17.5  38
David              16.5  38
Santiago           15.6  39.4
Puerto Colon       18.9  36.1
San Francisco      15.4  40
Bajo Grande           2  26.2
Baru Volcano         -6*         * unofficial
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Port Moresby       14.4  37.2
Lae                17.3  38.7
Goroka              6.1  30.6
Tambul             -2.3
Yumbisa              -3
Kieta (Bougainville)17.8 35.6
PARAGUAY
Asuncion Downtown  -2.3  43.3
Asuncion Guarani AP-1.2  40
Ciudad del Este      -3  40.2
Encarnacion          -6  42
Concepcion         -2.8  42.6
Pedro Pena           -7  44.8
Prats Gill         -7.5  45
PERU
Lima Airport        8.7  33.9
Iquitos              11  39
Cuzco                -9  30
Arequipa             -4  30
Tacna Airport         0  33.5*   * highest temperature of 36.0C was recorded in the town Observatory
Pucallpa              8  39.6
Neshuya                  41.1*   * dubious
Mazo Cruz         -27.7
Chuapalca         -28.2*         * suspicious, likely taken under not proper exposure conditions
PHILIPPINES
Manila Metro       14.5* 38.8*   * old unofficial records were 13.5C in February 1767 and 39.7C in May 1878
Tuguegarao         12.2  42.2
Baguio                3  30
Mount Pulag          -8*         * unofficial
Basco              11.6  36.5
Iloilo             16.5  37.8
Puerto Princesa    17.2  36.4
Cuyo                 19  37.2
Cotabato (Mindanao)17.4  38.2
Gen.Santos (Mindanao)16.9 39
Malaybalay (Mindanao)10  36.2
POLAND
Warsaw            -30.7  37.7    * -33.7C was also recorded in February 1855
Lodz              -30.3  37.6
Krakow            -32.7  38.4*   * 39.2C was also recorded in the Astronomical Observatory
Poznan            -28.5  38.7
Kolo              -28.6  38.4
Slubice           -29.4  39.5
Proszkow (Opole)         40.2
Kasprowy Wierch   -30.2  23
Zywiec            -40.6
Czarny Dunajec      -41* 33.9    * unofficial
Siedlce             -41* 35.5    * questioned, likely recorded with not proper instruments
Olecko              -42*         * unofficial,questioned
Kaliszl             -42*         * unofficial,dubious
Czechowice-Dziedzic -42*         * unofficial,dubious
Dubie               -42*         * unofficial,dubious
Czarny Dunajec      -41* 33.1    * unofficial
Rabka               -45*         * unofficial,questioned
Jablonka            -46*         * unofficial,questioned
PORTUGAL
Lisbon             -1.2* 43      * an old record of -3.5C was also set in 1766
Porto                -5  40.5    
Faro               -1.4  44.3
Setubal            -5.3  43.5
Beja               -5.5  45.4
Braganca            -12  39.6
Amareleja                47.4
Penhas da Saude     -16
Miranda do Douro    -16  38.8
Funchal (Madeira)   4.4  38.5
Sanatorio do Monte (Medeira) 39
Santo da Serra (Madeira)     40* * unofficial
Arieiro Peak (Madeira)   -7
Bica da Cana (Madeira)   -9.5*   * dubious
Porto Santo (Madeira) 5  35.3
Santa Maria (Azores)4.8  30.7
Ponta Delgada (Az.) 3.5  29.9
Madalena (Azores)        32.1
Cerrado dos Bezerros (Azores) 0.3  26.5
Cha das Lagoinhas (Azores)   -3.5
QATAR
Doha Airport        3.8  50.4
Umm Said              3* 52.2*   * very dubious
ROMANIA
Bucharest           -30* 42.4    * -32.2C was also recorded in the Baneasa Airport in January 1942 
Timisoara         -35.3  41.1
Iasi              -36.6  41.3
Cluj              -34.2  38.5
Constanta           -25  38.5
Galati            -28.6  40.5
Miercurea Ciuc    -38.4  36      
Ion Sion Farm (Ramnicelu)44.5
Varfu Omul          -38  22.1
Bod               -38.5
RUSSIA
Moscow Observatory-42.1  38.2*   * 39.7C was also recorded in the Bykovo Airport Station
St.Petersburg     -35.9  37.1
Nizhniy Novgorod  -41.4  38.3
Kaliningrad       -33.3  36.5
Archangelsk       -45.2  34.4  
Murmansk          -39.4  32.9
Omnsk               -49  40.4
Pechora             -56  34.9
Ust'Schugor (Europe)-58.1  35
Sochi             -13.4* 39.4    * unofficial lowest of -18C also recorded
Grozny (Chechnya) -31.5  42
Elista              -34  42.9
Astrakhan         -33.8  41
Alexandrov Gaj    -39.9  43.8
Jaskul            -36.1  44.4
Utta                     45.4
Krasnoyarsk       -52.8  36.4
Hatanga             -59  36.7
Irkutsk           -49.7  37.2
Verkhojansk       -67.6* 37.3    * originally -69.8C, later corrected for reading and overexposure errors
Oymyakon          -67.7* 34.6    * an extrapolated data of -71.2C in 1926 is also on records
Vladivostok Airport -36  36
Vladivostok Port  -31.4  34.1
Yuzhno-Kuril'ske  -20.3  30.5
Belogorsk (Asia)    -48  42.4
Ust Kara (Asia)     -50  42.7
Vize Island       -47.9  8.7
RWANDA
Kigali                9  35.4
Butare              9.5  31.4
Ruhondo               0
ST KITTS AND NEVIS
Basseterre         16.1  35.1
Golden Rock AP       16  34
Charlestown (Nevis)  18  33
ST LUCIA
Castries           15.6  35.6
Soufriere          13.3* 36.1*   * Soufriere old data was likely taken with not proper instruments
Hewanorra Airport  17.4  33.5
Reunion                  35.6
ST VINCENT AND THE GRENADINES
Kingstown Downtown 15.6  33.9
Arnon Vale Airport   18  35.6
Camden Park              35.6
SAMOA
Apia               16.1  34.9*    * a unofficial old temperature of 35.6C also recorded
Alaufa             15.3  34.9
Asau               16.8  36.5
Afiamalu           10.5  29.2
SAN MARINO
San Marino City   -13.6  39.9
Serravalle          -18  39.8
SAO TOME AND PRINCIPE
Sao Tome           13.3  36
Sto Antonio(Principe)15.6 34.7
Monte Cafe          8.7  32.5
SAUDI ARABIA
Ryad               -7.2  49
Jeddah                9  52
Yenbo               4.7  49.5
Madinah              -1  49
Makkah                8  51.4
Gizan              11.8  45.3
Dhahran              -1  51.1
Shaybah               2  53*     * dubious
Khurais              -2  52
Turaif            -12.2  47
SENEGAL
Dakar              10.7  42.7
Saint Louis           6  46.5
Matam               6.8  48.8
Podor               6.1  48
Linguere            5.4  47.7
Kaolak              7.9  47.8*   * dubious
Ziguinchor (Casam.) 7.8  45*     * dubious
Tambacounda         7.2  47.2
Diourbel            4.2  47.5
SERBIA
Belgrade          -26.2* 43.6    * -29.5C was also recorded in the Zemun Polje Airport in 1963
Novi Sad          -30.7  41.6
Kraljevo          -27.1  44.3
Smederevska Palanka-32.6 44.9
Cuprija           -28.4  44.6
Nis               -23.7  44.2
Sjenica             -38  35.6
Karajukica Bunari -39.5
Pristina (Kosovo) -27.2  40
Prizren (Kosovo)  -23.6  42
Gnjilane (Kosovo) -32.5
SEYCHELLES
Port Victoria      19.3  32.8
La Pointe La Rue AP19.6  34.8
Aldabra Atoll      17.5  36.3
SIERRA LEONE
Freetown             15  37*     * a questioned record of 38.6C was taken under not proper exposure conditions
Bo                   12  38.5
Makeni                9  39.4
Daru               11.7  40
Njala               6.1  40
Mano                     40
Musaia                   40*     * suspicious, likely taken with not proper instruments
Yengema             6.1  39.4
SINGAPORE
Singapore Downtown 18.9  36.1
Singapore Airport  19.4  36
Tengah Air Base    18.9
Seletar                  36.4
SLOVAKIA
Bratislava        -31.8* 39.4    * -36C was also recorded at Devínska Nová Ves Station in 1929
Kosice            -30.5  39
Hurbanovo           -35  40.3
Lomnicky Stit     -31.5  19.4
Viglas Pstrus-Dolina -41
SLOVENIA
Ljubljana         -26.4* 40.2    * -28.2C was also recorded at the old Brnik Station in 1940
Kocevje           -31.5  38
Murska Sobota       -31  40.1
Maribor           -26.7  40.6
Crnomelj          -26.3  40.6
Cerklje ob Krki          40.8
Trebnje                  41.4*   * unofficial,dubious
Mount Kredarica   -28.3  21.6
Babno-Polje       -34.5* 34.8    * unofficial temperature of -39.6C was recorded nearby in February 1929
Lepa Komna        -49.1*         * recorded in a frost hollow
SOLOMON ISLANDS
Honiara            16.6  36.1
Munda              17.4  35
Lata (Santa Cruz)  18.9  34.2
Kira Kira          15.6* 35.7*   * very dubious
Tulaghi                  36.1*   * dubious
SOMALIA 
Mogadishu            15  39.8
Kisimayo             18  37.8
Baidoa             16.1  38.9
Bosaso                   45.2
Qardho                6
Berbera (Somaliland)12.2 47.8
Hargeysa (Somaliland)2.8 37
Erigavo (Somaliland)-3.3* 31     * dubious, like taken with not proper instruments
SOUTH AFRICA
Cape Town Observ.   1.4* 41.7    * -2.2 was also recorded in the former Wingfield airfield
Pretoria           -6.1  38.8
Bloemfontein      -12.2  40
Johannesburg       -8.2  35.4
Cape Point          3.5  37.6
Kimberley          -8.5  40.9
Durban              2.6  41.9
Port Elizabeth     -0.5  40.7
Sutherland        -16.4  36.8
Buffelsfontein    -20.1* 35      * dubious
Vioolsdrif               48.8   
Dunbrody                 50*     * dubious
Marion Island      -6.5  25.6
SOUTH KOREA
Seoul             -23.1* 38.4    * -24.4C was also recorded in another city station
Incheon             -21  38.9
Busan               -14* 36.7    * -15.0C was also recorded in the Airport Station
Taegu             -20.2  40
Jeju                 -6* 37.5    * -7C was also recorded in the Airport Station
Yangpyong         -32.6  37.6
Hapcheon          -16.9  39.2*   * unofficial and questioned temperature of 41.2C was set in July 1994
Cholwon             -33*         * unofficial
SOUTH SUDAN
Ramciel             8.3* 43.3*   * data from nearby town of Rumbek
Juba               11.1  44.5
Wau                 9.3  43.5*   * an old suspicious 46.0C also recorded
Raga                4.2  43.9
Renk                7.6  47.3
SPAIN
Madrid Retiro Obs.-10.4* 40.6*   * extremes in the old Observatory of -12.5C and 44.3C were likely taken with not proper instruments
Madrid Barajas AP -15.2  42.2    
Barcelona City     -6.8* 39.3*   * extremes of -10.0C and 39.8C were recorded at the Fabra Hill Observatory
Barcelona Airport    -8  37.4
Seville            -5.8  47
La Coruna City       -3  39.6
Valencia             -8  43*     * 44.5C was also recorded in the Manises Airfield
Grenada Airport   -14.2  42.6*   * 42.8C was also recorded in the Armilla Airbase in June 1935
Malaga Airport     -3.8  44.2
Leon              -17.4  38.2
Bilbao             -8.6* 42*     * old records of -11.2C and 43.4C were likely taken with not proper instruments
Ibiza Island         -3  36.6
Calamocha           -30  40
Murcia               -6* 47.2    * -7.5C was also recorded in the Maciascoque Observatory in 1985
Montoro                  48*     * unofficial
Totana                   48*     * unofficial
Utrera                   48*     * unofficial
Berja                    50*     * unofficial,questioned,likely taken with not proper instruments
Alhama                   50*     * unofficial,dubious,likely taken with not proper instruments
Huecija                  49*     * unofficial,questioned,likely taken with not proper instruments
Moratalla                49*     * unofficial,questioned,likely taken with not proper instruments
Dona Ines                48*     * questioned,likely taken with not proper instruments
Isla Menor               49*     * unofficial,questioned,likely taken with not proper instruments
Arahal                   49*     * dubious,likely taken with not proper instruments
Lora del Rio             48*     * very dubious
La Palma del Condado     48*     * very dubious,likely taken with not proper instruments
Estany Gento        -32  27.1
Vińa Acevedo (Ceuta)1.3  40.2
Monte Hacho (Ceuta)-0.4  38.5
Melilla            -0.5  41.8
Sta Cruz de Tenerife(Canary)8.1 42.6
Gran Canaria AP (Canary)    6.5 44.2
Fuerteventura AP (Canary)   5.4 44
La Palma AP (Canary)        9.4 38.4
Lanzarote AP (Canary)         8 43.6
Hierro AP (Canary)            8 34.2
Barranco de Masca (Canary)      47.5
Arrecife (Canary)             7 48*  * unofficial, dubious
Izana (Canary)             -9.8 30.4
Pico de la Teide (Canary) -16.8 25.8
Canada de la Grieta(Canary)-21* 34   * unofficial 
SRI LANKA
Colombo City       15.2  37
Batticaloa         17.1  39
Galle              17.1  36.4
Jaffna             16.2  38.7
Trincomalee        18.2  39.8
Anuradhapura       11.8  39.6
Vavuniya           10.5  40.1
Nuwara Eliya       -2.7  27.7
SUDAN
Khartoum            5.2  47.7
Port Sudan           10  48.6
Wadi Halfa            1  48.9
Abu Hamed           4.5  49.5
Dongola               1  49.7
Zalingei             -1  42.7
El Fasher           0.6  46
Damazine            8.5  47
SURINAME
Paramaribo Airport   15.2  37.8
Placers L en F de Jong 17  39.3* * dubious
Sipaliwini           14.8
SWAZILAND
Mbabane            -6.1  37.2
Manzini               0  42.5
Sidvokodvo (Dearn)       46.1
SWEDEN
Stockholm Observ.   -32  36*     * dubious
Stockholm Bromma  -32.8  35.3
Gothenburg        -26.4  34.1
Malmo               -28  34
Uppsala           -39.5  37.4
Linkoping         -33.5  34.6
Vasteras          -36.5  36
Malilla           -33.8  38
Ultuna            -32.2  38*     * dubious
Karesuando          -49* 32.5    * an unofficial reading of -54C was recorded in the churchyard of the town
Pite              -41.5  34.9
Nikkaluokta       -49.4  28.5  
Vuoggatjalme      -52.6  29.3
Malgovik            -53*         * very questioned, recorded with private equipments
Buttle (Gotland Is.)-32.8  35.2
Ekerum (Oland Is.)  -29.2  33
Mossen (Oland Is.)  -26.1  34.5
SWITZERLAND
Bern              -23.3  37
Geneva            -19.9* 38.5    * -25.3C was also recorded in January 1838
Zurich Observat.  -24.2  36*     * a reading of 37.7C of 1947 have been corrected to 35.8C by Meteo Swiss
Zurich Airport    -24.8  37.1
Basel             -24.1  39.1
Roveredo                 39.3
Grono               -13  41.5*   * questioned
Lugano              -14  37.1*   * a reading of 38.0C of 1945 have been discounted by Meteo Swiss
Saentis             -32  20.8
Jungfraujoch      -36.6  12.8
La Brevine        -42.5* 33.7    * originally -41.8C,it was later corrected
Glattalp          -52.5*         * unofficial,recorded in a hollow frost
SYRIA
Damascus Airport  -13.5* 46      * -15C was also recorded in Madaya Station in 1950
Aleppo              -18  47
Palmyra           -10.4  48.3
Deir El Zor       -10.4  47.8
Hassakah            -11  49.4
Tel Abiadh        -16.5  46.1
Idlib               -23      
TAIWAN
Taipei             -0.2  39.3
Taichung             -1  39.9
Kaohsiung           4.4  37.1
Taitong             7.4  40.2
Hengchun            8.4  37
Alishan           -11.5  25.5
Yushan North Peak -18.4  21.3
TAJIKISTAN
Dushanbe            -29  44
Khorog (Gorno Bad.) -32  38.6
Shaymak           -51.6  27
Eastern Pamir       -63*        * unofficial
Khundjand         -22.8  45.9
Qurghonteppa      -24.1  46
Aivadj                   47
Nizhniy Pyandzh     -27  48*    * dubious
TANZANIA
Dar es Salaam Air. 12.8  35.9
Dodoma              7.6  36.7
Tanga              15.5  35.2
Mbeya              -5.5* 32     * dubious
Shume (Neu Hornow) -2.1
Moshi                 8  38.9
Kilimanjaro Airport   6  38.7
Kisauni (Zanzibar)   16  39.4
Wete (Pemba)       15.6
Mount Kilimanjaro  -22*         * unofficial
THAILAND
Bangkok             9.9  40.8
Pattaya            14.6  37.3
Phuket Town        17.4  37.8
Koh Samui          17.8  36.8
Narathiwat         17.1  39
Chiang Mai          3.7  42.4
Chiang Rai            1  41.3
Udon Thani          2.5  43.9
Ubon Ratchathani    6.7  42.4
Sakon Nakhon       -1.4  42.3
Dan Sai            -1.5
Uttaradit           4.5  44.5
Doi Inthanon         -8
Mt.Luang Chiang Dao  -9*         * unofficial
TIMOR LESTE
Dili               11.8  36.6
Viqueque             12  38
Baucau                   38*     * dubious
Bobonaro                 38*     * dubious
Hato Lia                 38*     * dubious
Hato Builico          1  25
TOGO
Lome               14.3  37.6
Sokode               10  41.2
Mango                10  43.4
Palime              9.8  37
TONGA
Nuku'Alofa          8.3  33.9
Fuaamotu Airport    8.7  34
Keppel Island      11.1  34.6
Lupepau'U (Vava'u)   10  35
TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO
Port of Spain AP   15.6  36.5
Tobago Airport     18.2  34.4
Penal                15
TUNISIA
Tunis              -3.8  48
Bizerte              -2  47.7
Sfax Airport       -2.3  47.8
Djerba                0  48
Kebili               -5  48.5*   * a wrong record of 55.0C was taken under terrible exposure conditions
El Borma                 50.1
Burj al-Hattabah     -9
Bou Chebka        -10.3
TURKEY
Ankara Downtown   -24.9  41
Ankara Airport    -31.2  41.2
Istanbul          -16.1  40.6
Izmir             -11.1  43.2
Edirne (Europe)   -22.2  44.1
Luleburgaz (Europe)-24.2
Erzurum             -40  36.5
Antalya            -7.7  45.6
Iskenderun         -3.2  43.2
Samsun             -8.1  39
Diyarbakyr        -24.2  46.2
Sanliurfa         -12.4  46.8
Cizre                    48.6
Agri (Karakose)   -45.6  38.2
TURKMENISTAN
Ashkabad            -28  46.7*   * unofficial reading of 48C also recorded
Turkmenbasy       -21.9  44.7
Repetek Reserve     -31  50.1
Serhetabat(Kushka)-33.8  47.6
Chesme              -35  49
TUVALU
Funafuti           19.7  35.3*   * an old record of 36.1C is probably unreliable
Nui                19.5* 35.9*   * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments 
Niulakita          20.6  36.1*   * dubious, likely taken with not proper instruments 
UGANDA
Kampala              10* 36.2*   * older extreme temperatures are unreliable
Kabale              2.8  31
Soroti                   40.1*   * dubious
Mbarara            -1.1*         * unreliable,likely taken under not proper conditions
Rwenzori Range     -7.7*         * unofficial
UKRAINE
Kyiv              -32.9  39.4
Simferopol        -30.3  39.5
Yalta             -15.1* 39.1    * unofficial -17.8C was also recorded
Odessa              -29  39.3
Kherson           -32.2  41
Voznesensk        -29.7  41.3
Lukhansk          -41.9  42
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
Abu Dhabi Airport   5.4  49.2
Sharjah             2.5  49.3
Dubai               7.4  48.5
Ras al Khaimah      4.4  48.8
Fujairah           10.8  50.2
Liwa                     50.3
Al Jazeera          1.3  52.1*   * suspicious
Rakhna               -1  49.9
Jabal Jais         -2.7  36.5
Ra'alat al-Jees      -5*         * unofficial
UNITED KINGDOM
Greater London    -18.8* 38.1    * -21.1C also recorded in December 1796 and January 1795
London Greenwich  -16.1  37.5
Birmingham        -20.8  34.9
Liverpool           -14  35
Manchester        -17.8* 33.9    * temperatures as low as -24C were recorded during the XVIII century
Aberdeen          -19.3  30
Glasgow           -18.7  31.1
Edinburgh         -17.4  31.4
Cardiff           -16.7  34.5
Belfast           -12.8* 30.8    * -14.9C was also recorded at the Airport Station in December 2010
Cairngorm         -16.5  21.7
Blackadder        -30.6*         * unofficial and questioned reading recorded in December 1879
Saint Albans      -33.9*         * unofficial and questioned reading recorded in December 1788
Brogdale (England)       38.5*   * questioned
Hawarden Bridge (Wales)  35.2
Greycrook (Scotland)     32.9
Knockarevan (N.Ireland)  30.8
Edgomond(England)       -26.1 
Braemar (Scotland)      -27.2  28
Altnaharra (Scotland)   -27.2
Rhayader (Wales)        -23.3
Castlederg (N. Ireland) -18.6  30
Edenfel (N.Ireland)     -19.4*   * unofficial, recorded under not standard exposure conditions
Jersey St Louis      -10.3  36
Jersey Airport       -10.9  35
Noirmont (Jersey)      -11
Guernsey Airport      -7.2  34.3
Rocquaine Bay (Guernsey)    35
Saint Peter (Guernsey)-8.4
Isle of Man Airport   -9.1  28.9
Douglas (Isle of Man)-11.7
Kirkwall (Orkney)     -7.8  25.6
Deerness (Orkney)    -13.3*      * dubious
Lerwick (Shetland)    -8.9  23.4
Baltasound (Shetland)-11.9  24.4
Sumburgh (Shetland)    -10  27.8
Stornoway (Hebrides) -12.2  26.3 
Benbecula (Hebrides)        27.2
St.Mary's (Scilly Is.)  -7  27.8  
Fair Isle               -5  20.1
Sule Skerry             -3  20
Gibraltar             -2.9  40.6
Prospect (Bermuda)     6.1  34.9
Fort George (Bermuda)    5  34.5  
Plymouth (Montserrat) 15.6* 36.1*   * extreme temperatures of 15.0C and 36.7C were likely taken under not proper conditions
Grand Turk (Turks C.) 15.6  35.6
Owens Roberts AP(Cayman I.)11.1  34.7
West Bay (Cayman I.)    11.2     34.9
Georgetown Crewe Road(Cayman I.) 35.7*  * unofficial, recorded with a private equipment
The Valley (Anguilla) 17.9  33.6
West End (Anguilla) *   19  34.3        * data from this station is unofficial and recorded with private equipments
Tortola (Virgin Is.)  15.6  35.6
Stanley (Falkland I.)-11.1  26.1
Mount Pleasant (Falkland I.) -10.4 29.2
Pebble Island (Falkland I.)   -4.4 21
Sea Lion Island (Falkland I.) -8.7 19.9
Weddell Island (Falkland I.)  -7.2 22.2
Grytviken (South Georgia)    -19.4 23.5
King Edward Point (S.Georgia)-18.9 26.3
Bird Island (S.Georgia)      -11.4 14.5
South Thule Isl.(S.Sandwich) -29.8 17.7
Jamestown (St Helena) 14.4  33.9
St Matthews (St Helena)7.8  28.8
Wide Awake F.(Ascension)18.3 32.5
Georgetown (Ascension)18.8  34.9
Residency (Ascension) 14.5  30.8
Tristan da Cunha Is.   2.4  27.6
Gough Island          -2.7  28.6
Diego Garcia Island   18.3  37.2
Adamstown (Pitcairn)    10  29.9
Henderson Isl.(Pitcairn)    35

UNITED STATES

URUGUAY
Montevideo         -5.8* 42.8    * -7.4C was also recorded in the Carrasco Airport
Salto              -5.3  42.2
Rocha              -5.8  42
Artigas            -5.2  42
Mercedes             -8  42.8*   * 44.6C in 1923 was likely taken with not proper instruments
Rivera             -5.4  42.2*   * 44.0C in 1953 was likely taken with not proper instruments
Paysandu           -7.4  44
Melo                -11  42.1*   * 43.1C in 1935 was likely taken with not proper instruments
UZBEKISTAN
Tashkent          -29.5  44.6
Termez            -21.7* 47*     * unofficial old readings of -25C and 50.5C were taken with not proper conditions
Tamdy             -30.1  48.4
Samarkand         -25.4  42.4
Kulkuduk            -37  47
Mashikuduk               49.7
Karakalpakiya     -39.8  46
VANUATU 
Port Vila Airport   8.5  35.6
Santo-Pekoa Airport12.6  34
Anetyum              11  34
Sola Vanua Lava      12  34.5
VATICAN CITY*      -7.2  40.7      * data from the Rome Center stations of Macao and Collegio Romano is used
VENEZUELA
Caracas Downtown    7.1* 35.3*   * temperatures of 6.0C and 35.5C were recorded in other city's stations
Caracas Airport    15.4  37.1
Maracaibo            17  41
Ciudad Bolivar     17.7  40.4
Coro                 18* 41.6    * an old record of 16.0C was likely affected by overexposure
Machiques          16.2  42
Maracay            10.8  38.5
Margarita Island     16  38
Merida              7.9  33.2
Mucubaji           -8.6  22.2
Piedras Blancas     -12*         * unofficial
VIETNAM
Hanoi               2.7  40.4*   * an old record of 42.8C at the Gia Lam Airport was taken under not standard exposure conditions
Ho Chi Min City    13.8  39.4*   * an old record of 41.7C was taken with not proper instruments
Vinh                  4  42.1
Da Nang             7.2  42
Na Thrang          14.6  39.5
Tuong Duong         1.7  42.7
Tay Hieu                 43*     * questioned
Sa Pa              -6.1  33
Hoang Lien Son       -6  24.9
Truong Sa (Spratly)17.4  35.8
YEMEN
Sanaa              -5.8  34.4
Aden               14.1  43.3
Ryan               13.8  43.9
Seiyoun                  46.3
Kitab                -9
Socotra Island       17  42
ZAMBIA
Lusaka              0.2  39.6
Livingstone        -3.7  41.3
Mfuwe                 1  43.5
Lusitu                   46.4*   * dubious,likely recorded with not proper instruments
Choma                -9  39.1
ZIMBABWE
Harare             -1.2  36.7
Bulawayo             -4  38.5
Victoria Falls     -4.3  41.1
Beitbridge         -1.1  45.6
Kariba              2.7  45.6*   * dubious,likely recorded with not proper instruments
Buffalo Range       0.6  45.5
Matopos           -10.3  38.2
Matobo Hills      -12.7

ANTARCTICA
Vostok            -89.2 -12.2
Amundsen-Scott    -82.8 -12.3
Mc Murdo          -50.6  13.4
Palmer              -31  11.6
Mawson              -36  10.6
Casey               -41  9.2
Davis             -41.8  13
Scott Base          -57  7.5
Vanda                    15
Halley            -55.3  6.8 
Rothera Point     -39.5  12
Dumont D'urville  -37.5  11
Neumayer          -50.2  4.3
Syowa             -45.3  10
Maitri              -38  12.2
Sanae             -57.9  9.7
Zhongshan         -45.7  9.6
Mirny             -40.3  8.7
Marambio          -38.3  16.5
Orcadas             -44  15.2
Esperanza         -32.6  17
San Martin          -47  15
Luis Carvajal       -44  9
King George Island-32.3  16.7
Signy Island      -40.1  19.8

MARS
Viking Lander     -107   -17.2
Curiosity         -127   8




Special Notes: -The registers of temperatures have been taken during different periods of time, so while for certain stations data are available since the begin of the modern era in 1850 and even before, for other stations data are available only for some decades.

-Some old data with not decimal points could have been rounded.

-For some localities ,records have been merged from different stations when there are no significative microclimatic differences. If there are microclimatic differences, data have been separated.

-Data have been checked by daily and hourly (synops/metars) basis for every station, in most cases with extensive quality controls,weather maps, satellite maps, etc.... The best effort has been made during several years of data checking, to remove all faulty records and to include all genuine records recorded in any reliable station. This has been possible with several billion data checked with the help of hundreds of specialists, climatologists, observatories's staff and with the help of National Institutes of Meteorology of over 150 countries.

-In the case of doubt, please contact the editor.

-Many people have helped me by providing information and data for my site. I would like to thank some of them (sorry if i forget somebody, there are really dozens of people who helped me!). Let me know if i missed to include your name in the following list:

Tomi Eronen, Roland Bert, Bob McDavitt, Tucker Barnes, Natalija Curic, Luis Felipe Miguel, Gustavo Zago Basilio, Philippe Rouzaut, Simone Pietrosanti, Giuseppe Caridi, Francisco (of meteored.com), Ross Marsden, Doug McGuinn, Willy De Taddeo, Karel Zverina, Jan Isler, Horacio y Agur (from Bilbao), Ivan Jaramillo, Adam Shaheen, Antonio Joyette, Christopher Burt, Luca Rao, Fiorentino Marco Lubelli, Garth Simpson, Coleen de Villiers, Wang Zhiyong, Ismael Marin, Enzo Giudice, Graham Pearce, Massimiliano Simola, Stefano Zerauschek, Joe Meilak, Wendy (from Pretoria), David Shohami, Ernesto de Lara, Massimo Aceti, Stefano Di Battista, Franco Lopes, Jose Angel Nunez, Marina Zuccoli, Ron Anderson, Witold Mizerski, Andre Eid, Alessandro Mandelli, Raul Rodas, Riedner (from Zambia), Musoni Didace, Rosa Maria Araujo, An Willems, Malehloa (from Lesotho), Pierluigi Randi, B.Pathak (from Mauritius), Pavel Stastny, Bernard Duguay, Kreso Pandzic, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research of New Zealand, Kevin Mc Gill, Howard Rainford, Brandt Maxwell, Joel Caceres, Stuart Burgess, James of the Customer Centre of British Met Office, Harve Beller, Mr.Le Chatran, Radim Tolasz, Martin Rowley, Anthony Pallot, Sam Giloi, Meteorological Services of Andalucia Occidental (Spain), T.C. Lee, Jeff Taylor, Juan Abel Miranda, Leonel Alvarez, Judith Ley Garcia, P.Goolaup, Enrique Davalos Gonzalez, Martin Gustincic, Adams Chavula, Brian Kolts, Sheryl LeBlanc, Thomas Auguste, Alan Olson, Mercedes Bullon Fernandez, Taiwan Meteorological Services, Mark Mc Laughlin, Ahmad Zaki Mohamad Saad, Seccion Climatologia del CMT Canarias Oriental, Anahit Hovsepyan, Sverker Hellstrom, Steve Donahue, Gloria Leon, Cayman Met.Service, Susan Watler, Anselmi Elddy, Manel Cascante Torrella, Halina Lorenc, Stelios Pashiardis, Leandro (from Brazil), Vesselin Alexandrov, Peter Ivanov, Boniface (from Zambia), Kate Strachan,Ismail Gizouli, Willis Mills, Liri Mucaj, Lori-Rae Alleyne, Mariano Gutierrez, John Nicolaou, Inger Marie Nordin, Muhammad Ibrahim, Bruno Renon, Renato Sansone, Simone Lussardi, Nicholas Alphonso, Alioune Diagne, Hassab El Dayem, Rikke Sjolin Thomsen, Abdus Salam, Rog (from Madeira), Steven Colwell, Andrew Tait, Mercy (from Vanuatu), Joan Self, Fred Burton, Charlotte McBride, Muwaffaq Freiwan, Dave Connell, Reha Yucememis, Aydin Bektas, Lukasz Szoldra, Torny Axell, Alesch Claude, Espen Ronneberg, Laurier Williams, Lesley (from Australia), Laura Aldeco, Rafat Assi, Ms Smith (from Belize), Ricardo Sanz, Ricardo Herrera Jimenez, Rick Ediger, Adam Macia, Miguel Omar Chavez Marquez, Zeljko Majstorovic, Nicola Del Core, Pamela Turchiarulo, Rajesh Kapadia, Piotr Djakow, Matteo Vinattieri, Romulo Vega Gonzalez, Philip Malsale, Khalid Ibrahim El Fadli, Moustapha Fleyfel, Ion Marinica, Noreen Brennan, Mark Beswick, Heba Al-Fadhel, Nawaf Ahmed Foud, Mohammed Riyaz, Marko Espinoza, Abdualimov (from Tajikistan), Ian Arvanitis, Oyvind Sandbugt, Blair Trewin, Laurinda Sebastiano, Amos Jele, Francois Gourand, Jailan Simon, Giuseppe Vitale, Peggy Paulmin, Vikas Sethi, Stephan Bader, Ernesto Petino, Rupert Wood, Bob Mc Davitt, Georgina Griffiths, Ian Currie, Sunil Nagaraj, Javier Espinosa, Alejandro Gonzalez, Alberto Hernandez, Konrad Steffen, Juergen Herrmann, Peter Takacs, Guo Junchao, Viviana Castro, Sverker Hellstrom, Elisha Moyo, Linda Keller, Lucia Alvarado, Marco Antonio Bolanos, Jan Erik Johnsen, Per Allner,Keithley Meade, Andrea Bosoni, Matteo Pillitteri, Taimi Sofia Kapalanga, Alexander Orlik, Helge Tangen, Audrone Galvonaite, Aidan Murphy, Trausti Jonsson, Ladislav Tegl, Gavin Jones, Virginia Rocha, Simon Hölzl, Jorge Czajkowski, Paul Lepesant, Cyrille Tailliez, Arpit Sharma, Santosh Subramanian, Kyaw Lwin Oo, Jennifer Moetie, Willem Conradie, Tsegaye Ketema, Normal Avila, Henry Oswaldo Benevides, Shim (from Maldives), Andy Smith, Gert König-Langlo, Engel Andriessen, Aeronautica Militare Italiana, Meteo France Climatic Service in Guadeloupe, William Mac Pherson, Mark Beswick, Chin Hong, Geir Kjaernli, Marcelo Carbonelli, Frode Hassel, Ken Devine, Bridget Thomas, Lukasz Szoldra, Sidi Ould Mohamed Lemine, Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Slovak Hydrometeorological Institut, Barbara Cagnazzi, Didier Reboul, John Cappelen, Thierry Le Bouard, Elaine Hood, Michael Carmody, Tim Delany, Roberto Carlos Fernandez, Paolo Grigioni, A. Zamari, David Mikolajczyk, Carol Costanza, Julian Morales, Yusuke Uemura, Arnold Jakubczyk, Jostein Memen.

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