KOSOVO, WHICH SOLUTION?
Once again, after more than 15 years of the first conflicts, the Balkan region is in a crossroad.
Today this troubled part of
Macedonia had been on the verge of a full-scale civil war quite a few times, but now it is struggling to emerge from its past and build an European-oriented country.
It is still far behind the European standards.
It is well divided by two entities which has never liked each other nor are minimally cooperate or work like a unique country. They are the Sprska (Serbian) Republic and the Bosnian-Croatian Federation which has indeed worked far better.
The status of the small enclave Brcko is frozen and still no solution is in sight for it.
Finally, this is recent history,
Since Serbian province Vojivoidina is no longer seeking independence and its Hungarian minority is now well treated and full integrated; now it is the turn of Kosovo's definitive status.
We must say something very important first: we cannot judge all independent movements with the same meter: every territory has lived a very different and unique history and for each one we must find a unique and best fit solution.
Having said that, it is clear that a new equilibrium can be found only by giving to Kosovo a full independence.
90% of Kosovo is populated by ethnic Albanians and it is clear they will never accept anything less than a full independence: this is a matter of fact.
So, the point is: how to draw the last border change and prevent there will be no more conflicts and this will be the last and final reshape of the Balkan area?
We must analyze all the factors in this equation which are:
Now, there is another matter of fact: from the dreams of the Greater Serbia up to now, Serbia is by far the country which -making the greatest damage- has end up to damage itself and to loose more than all the neighbor countries (former Yugoslavian countries plus Albania) and it is not committed to being stripped -by the NATO and EU peace team-which it considers one of the pieces of its history.
Or maybe they will, if this time will get something in exchange....
Something like what?
And here, we must accept another matter of fact: the actual
Right now, the
I bet that in an eventual referendum Muslims Bosnians and
Croats (both from
We don't need to mention that near 100% of Serbians both
I think there will be resistance from the ultra-orthodoxies, but at the end the Serbs will understand it has more to gain than to loose: gaining a new territory populated by Serbs and loosing a territory populated by people who has never stand with them and where so much blood of both has been spread.
And what about the other factors of the equation?
They are very important too:
As for Kosovo -only if all parts agree- can be left a
chance for a future referendum on annexation to
There will be some more details to solve: the Serbian minority in Kosovo and the Brcko enclave, but with the economical and political help of the EU, they would be overcome.
Balkan countries only need good willing and commitment of shut the door of conflict and sufferance forever and build a stable region altogether under friendship and collaboration, in order to become all members of European Union with a new and permanent political equilibrium.
Let's start to work on it!